The 2010 Vermont gubernatorial general election took place on November 2, 2010. Vermont is one of two states where the governor serves for a two-year term (neighboring New Hampshire is the other) instead of four years. The primary election took place on August 24, 2010.
There was a 117,561 to 113,227 electoral victory for Democratic Party candidate Peter Shumlin. The other 4 candidates got over 1,000 votes each but under 2,000; Shumlin received at least 50% plus 1 majority so the legislature did not have to vote on the winner as per the Vermont constitution. His main rival Republican Brian Dubie conceded the race around 9 am on November 3.
Peter Shumlin won the Democratic primary according to the uncertified tabulation of statewide votes released by the Office of the Secretary of State on August 27, 2010, by 197 votes over Doug Racine, who requested a recount. The recount began September 8. Racine conceded on September 10.
Martha Abbott, state party chair; Abbott won the primary, then withdrew from the election, so the party did not have a candidate on the ballot. The Party had promised not to play a "spoiler" role in the election if Shumlin supported single-payer health care, which he did.
Because Vermont does not allow its governor to be elected with fewer than 50% plus 1 of the total votes cast, the Vermont General Assembly officially elected Peter Shumlin as Vermont's governor. The vote took place on January 6, 2011.