2012 Taiwan legislative election

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2012 Republic of China legislative election

← 2008 14 January 2012 2016 →

All 113 seats to the Legislative Yuan
57 seats are needed for a majority
Turnout74.72% Increase16.2pp
  First party Second party Third party
  中華民國第12、13任總統馬英九先生官方肖像照.jpg 蔡英文官方元首肖像照 (cropped).png Huang Kun-huei by VOA (3).jpg
Leader Ma Ying-jeou Tsai Ing-wen Huang Kun-huei
Party Kuomintang DPP TSU
Alliance Pan-Blue Pan-Green Pan-Green
Leader since 17 October 2009 20 May 2008 26 January 2007
Last election 81 seats, 53.5% 27 seats, 38.2% 0 seat, 3.5%
Seats won 64 40 3
Seat change Decrease8 Increase7 Increase3
Popular vote 5,863,379 4,556,526 1,178,896
Percentage 44.5% 34.6% 8.96%
Swing Decrease9.0pp Decrease3.6pp Increase5.5pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  宋楚瑜主席2016.jpg 林炳坤.jpg
Leader James Soong Lin Pin-kuan
Party People First NPSU
Alliance Pan-Blue Pan-Blue
Leader since 31 March 2000 15 June 2007
Last election 1 seat, 0.9% 3 seats, 0.68%
Seats won 3 2
Seat change Increase2 Decrease1
Popular vote 722,089 148,105
Percentage 5.49% 1.12%
Swing Increase4.6pp Increase0.68pp

Taiwan Legislative Election 2012 constituencies.svg
Results[1]

President before election

Wang Jin-pyng
Kuomintang

Elected President

Wang Jin-pyng
Kuomintang

National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg
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The 9th Republic of China Legislative Yuan election was held on 14 January 2012 in Taiwan. Voting took place in all legislative constituencies and elected 113 members of the Legislative Yuan. For the first time legislative elections were held simultaneously with the presidential election. Elected parliamentarians formed the fifteenth Legislative Yuan session since 1946, when the current constitution came into effect.

Subsidies[edit]

According to the "Civil Servants Election And Recall Act", subsidies are payable to the political parties who sponsor candidates for Legislative Yuan elections. Article 43 has the following specifications:[2]

Every year the state shall apportion subsidies for campaign to the political parties, and the standard of apportionment shall be determined based on the latest election of members of the Legislative Yuan. If a ratio of vote attained by the political party achieves not less than 5% in the national integrated election and the overseas election of central civil servants, the subsidy for campaign funds shall be granted to the political party by a rate of NT$50 per vote every year. The Central Election Commission shall work out the amount of the subsidy every fiscal year, and notify the party to prepare the receipt and receive the subsidy from the Central Election Commission within 1 month, till the tenure of the current session of the members of the Legislative Yuan expires.

Election results[edit]

Elected party composition of the 8th Legislative Yuan

Voting took place on 14 January 2012 between 08:00 and 16:00 local Taipei time at 14,806 polling stations nationwide.[3]

69 1 43
Pan-Blue coalition I Pan-Green coalition
e • d Summary of the 14 January 2012 Legislative Yuan election results
Parties (alliances) constituency + Aboriginal Party block Votes % Total
seats
Seats ± Seats ± Before After ±
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 48 Decrease13 16 Decrease4 5,863,379 44.55 81 64 Decrease17
LogoPFP.svg People First Party 1 Steady0 2 Increase2 722,089 5.49 1 3 Increase2
Grey and red.svg Non-Partisan Solidarity Union 2 Decrease1 0 Steady0 148,105 1.12 3 2 Decrease1
LogoCNP.svg New Party 0 Steady0 0 Steady0 195,960 1.49 0 0 Steady0
Pan-Blue coalition 51 Decrease14 18 Decrease2 7,651,622 51.48 85 69 Decrease16
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 27 Increase14 13 Decrease1 4,556,526 34.62 27 40 Increase13
Sunrise Island.svg Taiwan Solidarity Union 0 Steady0 3 Increase3 1,178,896 8.96 0 3 Increase3
Pan-Green coalition 27 Increase14 16 Increase2 5,735,422 43.56 27 43 Increase16
Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independents 1 Steady0 0 Steady0 2,528 0.02 1 1 Steady0
Total 79 Steady0 34 Steady0 13,241,467 100% 113 113 Steady0
Source: Central Election Commission

By-elections[edit]

Date Constituency Outgoing member Incoming member
26 January 2013 Taichung 2 Yen Ching-piao Yen Kuan-heng
7 February 2015 Changhua 4 Wei Ming-ku Chen Su-yueh (陳素月)
7 February 2015 Miaoli 2 Hsu Yao-chang Hsu Chih-jung (徐志榮)
7 February 2015 Nantou 2 Lin Ming-chen Hsu Shu-hua
7 February 2015 Pingtung 3 Pan Men-an Chuang Jui-hsiung (莊瑞雄)
7 February 2015 Taichung 6 Lin Chia-lung Huang Kuo-shu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Non-aboriginal constituency seats only. 2016 constituency names.
  2. ^ Civil Servants Election And Recall Act, Laws and Regulations Database of the Republic of China. Act last amended 25 May 2011.
  3. ^ CEC finalizes two-in-one poll preparations Taiwan Today. 13 January 2012