The table below shows the total number and percentage of votes, as well as the number of seats gained and lost by each political party in the election for the United States House of Representatives in Alabama.
United States House of Representatives elections in Alabama, 2012
The redrawn 1st district remains based in Mobile and continues to include the entirety of the state's coast.RepublicanJo Bonner, who has represented the 1st district since 2003, sought re-election. Peter Gounares, a real estate broker who unsuccessfully challenged Bonner in the Republican primary in 2010; Pete Riehm, a real estate agent; and Dean Young, a businessman and conservative activist, challenged Bonner in the Republican primary. Bonner defeated his three challengers.
No Democrats qualified to seek the nomination. Clint Moser, who had planned to run against Bonner as an independent, did not do so. Bonner easily won re-election on November 6, 2012.
The redrawn 2nd district is based in the suburbs of Montgomery and covers the southeast of the state. Republican Martha Roby, who has represented the 2nd district since January 2011, sought re-election in 2012.
Therese Ford challenged Roby as the Democratic candidate. Former U.S. Representative Bobby Bright, whom Roby defeated in the 2010 general election,
decided not to run again. Roby won re-election on November 6, 2012.
The northern part of Tuscaloosa County was added to the 4th district during redistricting, while most of Blount County was removed. Republican Robert Aderholt, who has represented the 4th district since 1997, sought re-election. State representativeDaniel Boman, and Rick Neighbors, a former plant supervisor, sought the Democratic nomination to challenge Aderholt. Boman defeated Neighbors, but Aderholt won the general election on November 6, 2012.
Lawrence and Colbert County were moved from the 4th district to the 5th district during redistricting. Republican Mo Brooks, who represented the 5th district since January 2011, sought re-election. Parker Griffith, who represented the district from 2009 to 2011 and was defeated by Brooks in the Republican primary in 2010, again challenged Brooks in the Republican primary. Brooks defeated Griffith. Charlie Holley, a Baptist minister, unsuccessfully challenged Brooks as the Democratic nominee. Brooks won the November 6, 2012 general election.
Col. Penny Bailey, a retired Air ForceColonel; and William G. Barnes, an attorney and Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate in 2010, sought the Democratic nomination. Bailey defeated Barnes, but Bachus won the general election on November 6, 2012.
The redrawn 7th district, located on the state's western border, is 64% African American and was made even more favorable to Democrats in the 2010 redistricting. Incumbent Terri Sewell, who has represented the 7th district since January 2011, sought re-election. Don Chamberlain and Phil Norris, a retired United States Navy submariner, sought the Republican nomination to challenge Sewell. Chamberlain defeated Norris, then Sewell won the general election on November 6, 2012. She is the only Democrat in Alabama's Congressional delegation.