25-NB

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25I-NBOMe, the most well-known 25-NB derivative.

The 25-NB (25x-NBx) series, sometimes alternatively referred to as the NBOMe compounds, is a family of serotonergic psychedelics.[1] They are substituted phenethylamines and were derived from the 2C family.[1] They act as selective agonists of the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] The 25-NB family is unique relative to other classes of psychedelics in that they are, generally speaking, extremely potent and relatively selective for the 5-HT2A receptor.[1]

Chemical structure[edit]

The 25-NB compounds are mostly N-benzylphenethylamines,[1] though in some cases the phenyl ring of the N-benzyl group is replaced by other heterocycles such as thiophene, pyridine, furan, tetrahydrofuran, benzodioxole or naphthalene, among others.[9][10]

Generally speaking, they have methoxy groups at the 2 and 5 positions of the phenyl ring, a substitution such as a halogen or alkyl group at the 4 position of the phenyl ring, and a methoxy or other substitution (e.g., hydroxyl, fluoro) at the 2 position of the N-benzyl ring.[1] More rarely, other substitution patterns may be present [11][12] (see e.g. NBOMe-mescaline, 25G-NBOMe, 2CBFly-NBOMe, 25C-NB3OMe). They differ from the 2C series by the presence of the N-benzyl moiety.[1]

Rarely an alpha-methyl group is present making them N-benzyl amphetamines rather than N-benzyl phenethylamines, but this greatly reduces potency and activity. However in some cases where a side chain methyl group is cyclised back to the ring (e.g. in 2CBCB-NBOMe) or links the two alpha positions (e.g. in DMBMPP), this can improve selectivity for the 5-HT2A receptor subtype.[13]

List of 25-NB derivatives[edit]

General structure of 25-NB derivatives, where R is usually 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(alkyl or halogen), R1 is usually H but rarely methyl, and Cyc is usually 2-substituted phenyl but can be other heterocycles

This list includes notable compounds representative of most of the structural variations that have been explored in this series, but is by no means exhaustive. Many derivatives invented for scientific study into the structure-activity relationships of 5-HT2 receptor agonists have never appeared as designer drugs, while conversely some derivatives that have appeared as designer drugs are structurally novel and of unknown pharmacological activity (e.g. C30-NBOMe, 5-APB-NBOMe).

Chemical structure Common name Chemical name CAS number R R1 Cyc
25B-NB structure.png 25B-NB N-benzyl-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 155639-26-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H phenyl
25C-NB structure.png 25C-NB N-benzyl-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391487-65-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H phenyl
25I-NB structure.png 25I-NB N-benzyl-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 919797-18-5 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H phenyl
25I-NMeTh structure.png 25I-NMeTh N-[(thiophen-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391499-03-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H thiophen-2-yl
25B-NMePyr structure.png 25B-NMePyr N-[(pyridin-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391499-21-0 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H pyridin-2-yl
25I-NMeFur structure.png 25I-NMeFur N-[(furan-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391498-93-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H furan-2-yl
25I-NMeTHF structure.png 25I-NMeTHF N-[(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H tetrahydrofuran-2-yl
25B-NBF.svg 25B-NBF N-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1539266-17-5 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2-fluorophenyl
25B-NBOH structure.png 25B-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1335331-46-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2-hydroxyphenyl
2C-B-NBOMe-skeletal.svg 25B-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1026511-90-9 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2-methoxyphenyl
25B-NB23DM structure.png 25B-NB23DM N-(2,3-dimethoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391493-68-7 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2,3-dimethoxyphenyl
25B-NB25DM structure.png 25B-NB25DM N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2,5-dimethoxyphenyl
25B-NMe7BF structure.png 25B-NMe7BF N-[(benzofuran-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391492-46-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H benzofuran-7-yl
25B-NMe7DHBF structure.png 25B-NMe7DHBF N-[(2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391492-40-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl
25B-NMe7BT structure.png 25B-NMe7BT N-[(benzothiophen-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391492-59-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H benzothiophen-7-yl
25B-NMe7Box structure.png 25B-NMe7Box N-[(benzoxazol-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391498-73-9 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H benzoxazol-7-yl
25B-NMe7Ind structure.png 25B-NMe7Ind N-[(indol-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391498-28-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H indol-7-yl
25B-NMe7Indz structure.png 25B-NMe7Indz N-[(indazol-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391498-43-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H indazol-7-yl
25B-NMe7Bim structure.png 25B-NMe7Bim N-[(benzimidazol-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391498-62-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H benzimidazol-7-yl
FECIMBI-36 structure.png FECIMBI-36 N-[(2-fluoroethoxy)benzyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl
DOB-NBOMe structure.png DOB-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminopropane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo methyl 2-methoxyphenyl
25C-NB3OMe.svg 25C-NB3OMe N-(3-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1566571-34-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 3-methoxyphenyl
25C-NB4OMe.svg 25C-NB4OMe N-(4-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1566571-35-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 4-methoxyphenyl
C30-NBOMe structure.png C30-NBOMe N-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1445574-98-0 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl
25C-NBF.svg 25C-NBF N-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1539266-21-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-fluorophenyl
25C-NBCl structure.png 25C-NBCl N-(2-chlorobenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-chlorophenyl
NBOH-2CC structure.png 25C-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391488-16-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-hydroxyphenyl
2C-C-NBOMe-skeletal.svg 25C-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1227608-02-7 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-methoxyphenyl
25C-NBOEt structure.png 25C-NBOEt N-(2-ethoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-ethoxyphenyl
25C-NBOiPr structure.png 25C-NBOiPr N-(2-isopropoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2-isopropoxyphenyl
25F-NBOMe structure.png 25F-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-fluorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1373917-84-0 2,5-dimethoxy-4-fluoro H 2-methoxyphenyl
NBOH-2CCN structure.png 25CN-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyanophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1539266-32-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyano H 2-hydroxyphenyl
25CN-NBOMe.svg 25CN-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyanophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-16-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyano H 2-methoxyphenyl
25D-NBOMe2DACS.svg 25D-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-02-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methyl H 2-methoxyphenyl
25D-NBOH structure.png 25D-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391488-44-0 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methyl H 2-hydroxyphenyl
2C-E-NBOMe 2DACS.svg 25E-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-14-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethyl H 2-methoxyphenyl
25E-NBOH structure.png 25E-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391489-79-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-ethyl H 2-hydroxyphenyl
25G-NBOMe.svg 25G-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-3,4-dimethylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-65-7 2,5-dimethoxy-3,4-dimethyl H 2-methoxyphenyl
25H-NBOMe.svg 25H-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1566571-52-5 2,5-dimethoxy H 2-methoxyphenyl
25I-NB34MD.svg 25I-NB34MD N-(3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391497-81-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl
25I-NB3OMe.svg 25I-NB3OMe N-(3-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1566571-40-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 3-methoxyphenyl
25I-NB4OMe.svg 25I-NB4OMe N-(4-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1566571-41-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 4-methoxyphenyl
25i-NBF.svg 25I-NBF N-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 919797-21-0 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-fluorophenyl
25I-NBBr structure.png 25I-NBBr N-(2-bromobenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1648649-98-2 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-bromophenyl
25I-NBTFM structure.png 25I-NBTFM N-[2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
25I-NBMD.svg 25I-NBMD N-(2,3-methylenedioxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 919797-25-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl
25B-NBMD structure.png 25B-NBMD N-(2,3-methylenedioxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-19-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromo H 2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl
25C-NBMD structure.png 25C-NBMD N-(2,3-methylenedioxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-chlorophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1373879-26-5 2,5-dimethoxy-4-chloro H 2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl
25D-NBMD structure.png 25D-NBMD N-(2,3-methylenedioxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391488-97-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methyl H 2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl
2C-I-NBOH-skeletal.svg 25I-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 919797-20-9 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-hydroxyphenyl
2C-I-NBOMe-skeletal.svg 25I-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 919797-19-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-methoxyphenyl
DOI-NBOMe structure.png DOI-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo methyl 2-methoxyphenyl
25I-NBMeOH structure.png 25I-NBMeOH N-[2-(hydroxymethyl)benzyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391494-71-5 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl
25I-NBAm structure.png 25I-NBAm N-[2-(carbamoyl)benzyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391494-85-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2-(carbamoyl)phenyl
25I-NMe7DHBF structure.png 25I-NMe7DHBF N-[(2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl
25I-N2Nap1OH structure.png 25I-N2Nap1OH N-[(1-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 1-hydroxynaphthalen-2-yl
25I-N3MT2M structure.png 25I-N3MT2M N-[(3-methoxythiophen-2-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-66-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 3-methoxythiophen-2-yl
25I-N4MT3M structure.png 25I-N4MT3M N-[(4-methoxythiophen-3-yl)methyl]-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-73-7 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo H 4-methoxythiophen-3-yl
25iP-NBOMe.svg 25iP-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-isopropylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391487-83-4 2,5-dimethoxy-4-isopropyl H 2-methoxyphenyl
25N-NBOMe structure 300px.png 25N-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-03-3 2,5-dimethoxy-4-nitro H 2-methoxyphenyl
25P-NBOMe2DACS.svg 25P-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-propylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391489-07-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-propyl H 2-methoxyphenyl
25P-NBOH structure.png 25P-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-propylphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1391490-34-8 2,5-dimethoxy-4-propyl H 2-hydroxyphenyl
2C-TFM-NBOMe.svg 25TFM-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 1027161-33-6 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl) H 2-methoxyphenyl
25T-NBOMe structure.png 25T-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 1539266-47-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(methylthio) H 2-methoxyphenyl
25T2-NBOMe structure.png 25T2-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(ethylthio)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(ethylthio) H 2-methoxyphenyl
25T4-NBOMe structure.png 25T4-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(isopropylthio)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 1354632-17-9 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(isopropylthio) H 2-methoxyphenyl
25T7-NBOMe structure.png 25T7-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(propylthio)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 1539266-55-1 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(propylthio) H 2-methoxyphenyl
25T7-NBOH structure.png 25T7-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-[2,5-dimethoxy-4-(propylthio)phenyl]-2-aminoethane 1354632-41-9 2,5-dimethoxy-4-(propylthio) H 2-hydroxyphenyl
NBOMe-mescaline-molecule.png NBOMe-mescaline N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminoethane 1354632-01-1 3,4,5-trimethoxy H 2-methoxyphenyl
Escaline-NBOMe structure.png NBOMe-escaline N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(3,5-dimethoxy-4-ethoxyphenyl)-2-aminoethane 3,5-dimethoxy-4-ethoxy H 2-methoxyphenyl
MDPEA-NBOMe structure.png MDPEA-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-aminoethane 3,4-methylenedioxy H 2-methoxyphenyl
Clobenzorex structure.svg Clobenzorex N-(2-chlorobenzyl)-1-phenyl-2-aminopropane 13364-32-4 H methyl 2-chlorophenyl
4EA-NBOMe structure.png 4-EA-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(4-ethylphenyl)-2-aminopropane 4-ethyl methyl 2-methoxyphenyl
5APB-NBOMe structure.png 5-APB-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(benzofuran-5-yl)-2-aminopropane benzofuran-5-yl instead of phenyl methyl 2-methoxyphenyl

Similar compounds with related structures are also known including;

Chemical structure Common name Chemical name CAS number
25B-N1POMe structure.png 25B-N1POMe N-[1-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]-2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenethylamine 1335331-49-1 (R)
1335331-51-5 (S)
2CB-AN structure.png 2C-B-AN 2-phenyl-2-[2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenyl)ethylamino]acetonitrile
2CBCB-NBOMe-skeletal.svg 2CBCB-NBOMe N-[(3-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-bicyclo[4,2,0]octa-1,3,5-trien-7-yl)methyl]-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)methanamine 1354634-09-5
2CBFly-NBOMe.svg 2CBFly-NBOMe N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-1-(8-bromo-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]difuran-4-yl)-2-aminoethane 1335331-42-4
2CB-DRAGONFLY-NBOH structure.png 2C-B-DRAGONFLY-NBOH N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-1-(8-bromobenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b’]difuran-4-yl)-2-aminoethane 1335331-45-7
SS9b structure.png DMBMPP (S,S)-2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromobenzyl)-6-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperidine 1391499-52-7
25B-NAcPip structure.png 25B-NAcPip 2-{[2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]amino}-1-(piperidin-1-yl)ethanone
RH-34 structure.png RH-34 3-[2-(2-methoxybenzylamino)ethyl]-1H-quinazoline-2,4-dione 1028307-48-3
5MT-NBOMe structure.png 5MT-NBOMe[14] N-(2-methoxybenzyl)-5-methoxytryptamine

Legality[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

A large number of substances in the 25-NB class are Class A drugs in the United Kingdom as a result of the N-benzylphenethylamine catch-all clause in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971[15] or are otherwise covered by the Psychoactive Substances Act 2016.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Halberstadt AL (2017). "Pharmacology and Toxicology of N-Benzylphenethylamine ("NBOMe") Hallucinogens". Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 32: 283–311. doi:10.1007/7854_2016_64. PMID 28097528.
  2. ^ Pertz, HH; Rheineck, A; Elz, S (1999-01-01). "N-Benzylated derivatives of the hallucinogenic drugs mescaline and escaline as partial agonists at rat vascular 5-HT2A receptors". Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. 359: R29.
  3. ^ Heim R (February 28, 2010). "Synthese und Pharmakologie potenter 5-HT2A-Rezeptoragonisten mit N-2-Methoxybenzyl-Partialstruktur. Entwicklung eines neuen Struktur-Wirkungskonzepts" (in German). diss.fu-berlin.de. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  4. ^ Silva M (2009). Theoretical study of the interaction of agonists with the 5-HT2A receptor (Ph.D. thesis). Universität Regensburg.
  5. ^ Hansen M (2011). Design and Synthesis of Selective Serotonin Receptor Agonists for Positron Emission Tomography Imaging of the Brain (Ph.D. thesis). University of Copenhagen.
  6. ^ Silva ME, Heim R, Strasser A, Elz S, Dove S (January 2011). "Theoretical studies on the interaction of partial agonists with the 5-HT(2A) receptor". Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design. 25 (1): 51–66. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.688.2670. doi:10.1007/s10822-010-9400-2. PMID 21088982.
  7. ^ Rickli A, Luethi D, Reinisch J, Buchy D, Hoener MC, Liechti ME. Receptor interaction profiles of novel N-2-methoxybenzyl (NBOMe) derivatives of 2,5-dimethoxy-substituted phenethylamines (2C drugs). Neuropharmacology. 2015 Dec;99:546-53. PMID 26318099 doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.08.034
  8. ^ Hansen M, Phonekeo K, Paine JS, Leth-Petersen S, Begtrup M, Bräuner-Osborne H, Kristensen JL (March 2014). "Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of N-benzyl phenethylamines as 5-HT2A/2C agonists". ACS Chemical Neuroscience. 5 (3): 243–9. doi:10.1021/cn400216u. PMC 3963123. PMID 24397362.
  9. ^ Michael Robert Braden (2007). "Towards a biophysical understanding of hallucinogen action". Dissertation: 1–176.
  10. ^ Nichols DE. Structure-activity relationships of serotonin 5-HT2A agonists. WIREs Membr. Transp. Signal, 2012;1(5):559-579. doi:10.1002/wmts.42
  11. ^ Leth-Petersen S, Petersen IN, Jensen AA, Bundgaard C, Bæk M, Kehler J, Kristensen JL. 5-HT2A/5-HT2C Receptor Pharmacology and Intrinsic Clearance of N-Benzylphenethylamines Modified at the Primary Site of Metabolism. ACS Chem Neurosci. 2016 Nov 16;7(11):1614-1619. PMID 27564969 doi:10.1021/acschemneuro.6b00265
  12. ^ Prabhakaran J, Solingapuram Sai KK, Zanderigo F, Rubin-Falcone H, Jorgensen MJ, Kaplan JR, Tooke KI, Mintz A, Mann JJ, Kumar JSD. In vivo evaluation of [18F]FECIMBI-36, an agonist 5-HT2A/2C receptor PET radioligand in nonhuman primate. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2017 Jan 1;27(1):21-23. PMID 27889455 doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.11.043
  13. ^ Juncosa JI, Hansen M, Bonner LA, Cueva JP, Maglathlin R, McCorvy JD, Marona-Lewicka D, Lill MA, Nichols DE (January 2013). "Extensive rigid analogue design maps the binding conformation of potent N-benzylphenethylamine 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonist ligands". ACS Chemical Neuroscience. 4 (1): 96–109. doi:10.1021/cn3000668. PMC 3547484. PMID 23336049.
  14. ^ Nichols DE, Sassano MF, Halberstadt AL, Klein LM, Brandt SD, Elliott SP, Fiedler WJ. N-Benzyl-5-methoxytryptamines as potent serotonin 5-HT2 receptor family agonists and comparison with a series of phenethylamine analogues. ACS Chem. Neurosci 15 Jul 2015, 6(7):1165-1175. doi:10.1021/cn500292d
  15. ^ "The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (Ketamine etc.) (Amendment) Order 2014". www.legislation.gov.uk.
  16. ^ "Psychoactive Substances Act 2016". www.legislation.gov.uk.