30th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine)
This article needs to be updated.August 2014)(
|30th Mechanized Brigade|
30th Guards Mechanized Brigade
30th Guards Tank Division
11th Guards Mechanised Division
13th Guards Cavalry Division
83rd Cavalry Division
|Ukrainian: 30-та окрема механізована бригада імені князя Костянтина Острозького|
30th Mechanized Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia
|Active||1 September 1941 – present|
|Country|| Soviet Union|
(1941 – 6 Dec 1991)
(6 Dec 1991 – present)
|Part of||Operational Command North|
|Engagements||World War II|
War in Donbass
|Decorations|| Order of the Red Banner (removed)|
Order of Suvorov (removed)
|Battle honours||Guards (removed)|
|Colonel Ihor Dovhan|
World War II
The division consisted of the following units:
- 215th Cavalry Regiment
- 226th Cavalry Regiment
- 231st Cavalry Regiment
- Separate Chemical Squadron
From September 5, 1941, the commanding officer of the division was Lieutenant General Selivanov.
On November 7, 1941, the division was sent to the Volga Military District where it was assigned to the newly forming Cavalry mechanized group of the 61st Army. Until December 28, 1941, the division was fortifying near the station of Lysi Gory Saratov Oblast.
The first battle that the division took part in was near the city of Ryazhsk, Ryazan Oblast as part of the Cavalry mechanized group of the 61st Army as part of the Bryansk Front and the Soviet winter counter offensive in front of Moscow. In January 1942 the division was assigned to the 7th Cavalry Corps and was assigned to be a Mobile Group in the Moscow Defense Zone for the 61st Army. The division remained with the 7th Cavalry Corps for the rest of 1942 and when the Corps was redesignated as the 6th Guards Cavalry Corps in January 1943 the division became the 13th Guards Cavalry Division on 19 January 1943. The division was under the command of General Major Pyotr Zubov.
Feskov et al. trace the unit's history as follows. At the beginning of June, the division relocated to Novohrad-Volynskyi. On 1 August 1945, the division was converted into the 11th Guards Mechanized Division. During November and December 1956, the division fought in the crushing of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. 44 soldiers of the division were killed during the campaign in Hungary. The division moved back to Novohrad-Volynskyi in January 1957.
On 4 June 1957 it became the 30th Guards Tank Division, part of the 8th Tank Army. In 1960, the division's 58th Separate Tank Training Battalion was disbanded. On 19 February 1962 the 335th Separate Missile Battalion and the 108th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion were activated. In 1968 the 151st Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became the 151st Separate Guards Engineer-Sapper Battalion. The 1043rd Separate Material Supply Battalion was created from the motor transport battalion in 1980. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength. In November 1990, the division was equipped with 224 T-72 main battle tanks.
The 30th Guards Tank Division, along with the rest of the 8th Tank Army and the Carpathian Military District, became part of the Ukrainian Ground Forces according to the order of Ukraine About Armed Forces of Ukraine from December 6, 1991. In February 1992, all units of the division pledged their allegiance to Ukraine.
It was still designated a tank division as of Decree N 350/93 (August 21, 1993). On October 20, 1999, the division was awarded the Novohrad-Volynskyi designation. On July 30, 2004, the division was reformed into a brigade.
Currently the brigade is the only mechanized brigade that does not have any conscripts. It is also a part of Joint Rapid Reaction Forces. Over a hundred soldiers from the brigade have served in peacekeeping missions in Sierra Leone, Lebanon, Iraq and Kosovo.
The current commander of the brigade served as a commander of the 5th Separate Mechanized brigade in Iraq.
On 18 November 2015 the Soviet decorations of brigade's full name (30th Separate Guards Mechanized Novohrad-Volynskyi Rivne Orders of the Red Banner and Suvorov Brigade) were removed, leaving the full name of 30th Separate Guards Mechanized Novohrad-Volynskyi Rivne Brigade. On 22 August 2016, its Guards title was also removed.
As part of Ukrainian Independence Day celebrations on August 24, 2018, the brigade received the new honorific "Konstanty Ostrogski".
Order of battle
In 1960, the division included the following units.
- 276th Tank Regiment
- 282nd Guards Tank Regiment
- 325th Tank Regiment
- 319th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment (Vysokaya Rech, Zhitomir Oblast)
- 855th Guards Artillery Regiment
- 937th Guards Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment
- 54th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion
- 151st Separate Guards Sapper Battalion
- 214th Separate Guards Communications Battalion
- 197th Separate Chemical Defence Company (Vysokaya Rech, Zhitomir Oblast)
- 112th Separate Medical-Sanitary Company
- Separate Motor Transport Battalion
- 276th Armor Regiment
- 325th Armor Regiment
- 282nd Guards Armor Regiment
- 319th Mechanized Regiment
- 855th Guards Artillery Regiment
- 937th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment
- 214th Separate Guards Signal Battalion
- 54th Separate Guards Reconnaissance Battalion
- 151st Separate Guards Combat Engineer Battalion
- 108th Separate Maintenance Battalion
- 1043rd Separate Combat Service Support Battalion
- 112th Separate Medical Battalion
- 404th Separate Chemical Battalion
As of 2017 the brigade's structure is as follows:
- 30th Mechanized Brigade, Novohrad-Volynskyi
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company
- 1st Mechanized Battalion
- 2nd Mechanized Battalion
- 3rd Mechanized Battalion
- Tank Battalion
- 2nd Motorized Infantry Battalion "Horyn"
- Brigade Artillery Group
- Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Battalion
- Engineer Battalion
- Maintenance Battalion
- Logistic Battalion
- Reconnaissance Company
- Sniper Company
- Electronic Warfare Company
- Signal Company
- Radar Company
- CBRN-defense Company
- Medical Company
The brigade has received 22 orders, and 30 of its soldiers have been decorated with medals.
- Order of the Red Banner - 276th, 325th, 282nd, 855th
- Order of Alexander Nevsky - 54th
- Order of Suvorov - Second Class - 325th, 282nd
- Order of Kutuzov - Second Class - 325th, 282nd, 855th
- Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky - Second Class - 325th, 282nd
- Order of Kutuzov - Third Class - 54th
- Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky - Third Class - 54th
- On 7 February 1944, awarded Rivne designation
- On October 20, 1999, awarded Novohrad-Volynskyi designation
- Lieutenant General Selivanov September 5, 1941 –
- Major-General Petr Ivanovich Zubov
- Colonel Yuriy Muchailovich Mukolenko 2006–2007
- Colonel Ihor Dovhan 2007–?
- Colonel Oleksandr Nesterenko (2011)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 30th Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine).|
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Traumas of soldiers becoming more visible after Debaltseve, Kyiv Post (March 6, 2015)
Volunteer accuses separatists of killing more Ukrainian prisoners (AUDIO), Kyiv Post (May 1, 201)
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