337th Flight Test Squadron
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|337th Flight Test Squadron|
|Active||1942–1944; 1954–1960; 1982–1985; 1988–2001|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Force Materiel Command|
|Engagements||European Theater of Operations|
|337th Flight Test Squadron emblem (approved 1 July 1982)|
|Patch with 337th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (approved 9 June 1955)|
The 337th Flight Test Squadron was most recently part of the 46th Test Wing and based at McClellan Air Force Base, California. It performed depot acceptance testing until being inactivated with the closure of McClellan on 13 July 2001.
World War II
Activated in 1942 at Keflavik, Iceland, equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings. Mission was to intercept and destroy German planes that on occasion attempted to attack Iceland or that appeared in that area on reconnaissance missions. Returned to the United States in November 1942 as a IV Fighter Command Lightning Replacement Training Unit (RTU). Trained P-38 pilots in California and Washington State until phaseout of Lightning training in March 1944.
Reactivated in 1953 as an Air Defense Command interceptor squadron. Performed air defense mission over Minneapolis and Upper Midwest United States, 1953-1955 with Northrop F-89D Scorpions. Reassigned to air defense of Boston and New England with North American F-86D Sabres. In 1957 began re-equipping with the North American F-86L Sabre, an improved version of the F-86D which incorporated the Semi Automatic Ground Environment, or SAGE computer-controlled direction system for intercepts. The service of the F-86L destined to be quite brief, since by the time the last F-86L conversion was delivered, the type was already being phased out in favor of supersonic interceptors.
Received new Lockheed F-104A Starfighter interceptor aircraft in early 1958, the third ADC squadron to receive the F-104. In addition, the squadron received the two-seat, dual-control, combat trainer F-104B. The performance of the F-104B was almost identical to that of the F-104A, but the lower internal fuel capacity reduced its effective range considerably. However, the F-104A was not very well suited for service as an interceptor. Its low range was a problem for North American air defense, and its lack of all-weather capability made it incapable of operating in conjunction with the SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) system. Service with the ADC was consequently quite brief, and the F-104As of the 337th were transferred to the Air National Guard.
With the transfer of the Starfighters, ADC shut down operations at Westover Air Force Base and the 337th was inactivated in July 1960.
Tactical fighter operations
Flight test operations
Was a flight test squadron at McClellan Air Force Base. Conducted flight tests on aircraft returning to active service after depot maintenance, modification, or repair from 1988-2001. Inactivated with closure of McClellan.
- 337th Tactical Fighter Squadron
- Constituted as the 337th Fighter Squadron on 29 August 1942
- Activated on 11 September 1942
- Redesignated: 337th Fighter Squadron (Twin Engine) on 1 July 1942
- Redesignated: 37th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine on 5 February 1944
- Disbanded on 31 March 1944
- Reconstituted, and redesignated 337th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, on 23 March 1953
- Activated on 8 July 1954
- Discontinued on 8 July 1960
- Redesignated 337th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 11 December 1981
- Activated on 1 April 1982
- Inactivated on 1 July 1985
- Consolidated with the 2874th Test Squadron as the 337th Test Squadron on 1 October 1992
- 337th Flight Test Squadron
- Designated as the 2874th Test Squadron and activated, on 15 January 1988
- Consolidated with the 337th Tactical Fighter Squadron as the 337th Test Squadron on 1 October 1992
- Redesignated 337th Flight Test Squadron on 1 March 1994
- Inactivated: 13 July 2001
- 342d Composite Group, 11 September 1942
- 329th Fighter Group, November 1942-31 March 1944
- 514th Air Defense Group, 8 July 1954
- 4707th Air Defense Wing, 18 August 1955
- 4622d Air Defense Wing (later, Boston Air Defense Sector), 18 October 1956
- 4729th Air Defense Group, 8 July 1957
- Boston Air Defense Sector, 25 June 1958 – 8 July 1960
- 4th Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 April 1982 – 1 July 1985
- Sacramento Air Logistics Center, 15 January 1988
- Air Force Development Test Center, 1 July 1994
- 46th Operations Group, 1 July 1994 – 13 July 2001
- Keflavik, Iceland 11 September-26 November 1942
- Glendale Airport, California, 26 November 1942
- Muroc Army Air Base, California, 1 March 1943
- Glendale Airport, California, 6 May 1943
- Paine Field, Washington, 12 August 1943
- Glendale Airport, California, c. 2 November 1943
- Ontario Army Air Field, California, 29 December 1943 – 31 March 1944
- Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport, Minnesota, 8 July 1954
- Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts, 18 August 1955 – 8 July 1960
- Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, 1 April 1982 – 1 July 1985
- McClellan Air Force Base, California, 15 January 1988 – 13 July 2001
- Lt Col Tad Oelstrom, 1982–1984
- Explanatory notes
- Aircraft is Lockheed F-104A-20-LO Starfighter serial 56-813, taken on 23 May 1958
- Endicott, p. 746
- "Factsheet 337 Flight Test Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 417
- Endicott, Judy G. (1998). Active Air Force Wings as of 1 October 1995 and USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995 (PDF). Air Force History and Museums Program. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ASIN B000113MB2. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor. Aerospace Defense Command. 21 (1): 5–11, 26–31, 40–45, 54–59. January 1979.