33rd New Zealand Parliament
|33rd Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||29 June 1961 – 25 October 1963|
|Election||1960 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Second National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Ronald Algie|
|Prime Minister||Keith Holyoake|
|Leader of the Opposition||Arnold Nordmeyer|
––Walter Nash until 31 March 1963
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Brigadier Sir Bernard Edward Fergusson from 9 November 1962|
––HE The Viscount Cobham until 13 September 1962
1960 general election
The 1960 general election was held on Saturday, 26 November. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 51 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1957 election. 1,310,742 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.8%.
The 33rd Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1963), and was prorogued on 25 October 1963.
|first||20 June 1961||1 December 1961|
|second||7 June 1962||14 December 1962|
|third||12 February 1963||12 February 1963|
|fourth||20 June 1963||25 October 1963|
The Labour Party under Walter Nash had been in power since the 1957 election as the second Labour Government, but was defeated by the National Party at the 1960 election by a twelve-seat margin. Keith Holyoake formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. The second National Government remained in place until its defeat at the 1972 election towards the end of that year.
Overview of seats
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1960 election and at dissolution:
|At 1960 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||12||12|
- The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
Initial composition of the 33rd Parliament
The table below shows the results of the 1960 general election:
- Skoglund was first on election night, but lost after special votes were counted
By-elections during 33rd Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 33rd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Hurunui||1961||10 June||William Gillespie||Death||Herbert Pickering|
|Waitaki||1962||10 March||Thomas Hayman||Death||Allan Dick|
|Buller||1962||7 July||Jerry Skinner||Death||Bill Rowling|
|Timaru||1962||21 July||Clyde Carr||Resignation||Basil Arthur|
|Otahuhu||1963||16 March||James Deas||Death||Bob Tizard|
|Northern Maori||1963||16 March||Tapihana Paikea||Death||Matiu Rata|
|Grey Lynn||1963||18 May||Fred Hackett||Death||Reginald Keeling|
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.