4702d Defense Wing
|4702nd Air Defense Wing|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Type||Fighter Interceptor and Radar|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
The 4702nd Defense Wing (Def Wg) is a discontinued wing of the United States Air Force, last assigned to the 25th Air Division at Geiger Field, Washington. It was established in 1952 at Hamilton AFB, California in a general reorganization of Air Defense Command (ADC), which replaced wings responsible for a base with wings responsible for a geographical area. It moved twice in the first few months it was active and as a result became non operational until early 1953. It then assumed control of several Fighter Interceptor and Radar squadrons in the Pacific Northwest, some of which were Air National Guard squadrons mobilized for the Korean War. It was discontinued in the fall of 1954 and its units transferred to the new 9th Air Division.
The 4702nd Def Wg was organized on 1 February 1952 at Hamilton Air Force Base (AFB) as part of a major reorganization of Air Defense Command (ADC), due to the difficulty it experienced under the existing wing-base organizational structure in deploying fighter squadrons to the best advantage. The wing assumed operational control and the air defense mission of the 83d and 84th Fighter Iinterceptor Squadrons (FIS), two fighter squadrons formerly assigned to the inactivating 78th Fighter-Interceptor Wing (FIW), both of which were flying Northrop F-89 Scorpion aircraft. The support elements of the 78th FIW were replaced at Hamilton by the wing's 566th Air Base Group (ABG) the same day. The wing's mission was to train and maintain tactical units in a state of readiness to intercept enemy aircraft attempting to penetrate the air defense system. However, the wing was initially unable to perform its mission satisfactorily due to problems with its F-89s.
In July 1952, the 83d FIS moved from Hamilton AFB to Paine AFB, WA and was reassigned from the wing a few days later. In November 1952, the wing moved to Geiger Field, Washington and the wing's units at Hamilton, the 566th ABG and the 84th FIS, were reassigned to the 28th Air Division. As a result of this move, the wing temporarily lost all of its operational units, but it assumed USAF host responsibility for Geiger Field through its newly assigned 87th Air Base Squadron, already stationed there.
In January 1953, the wing once again assumed an operational mission, when the 323d FIS at Larson AFB, Washington flying radar equipped and rocket armed F-86 Sabre interceptor aircraft was assigned to the wing. Two other fighter-interceptor squadrons at Larson, the 31st, also flying Sabres and the 82d, flying F-94 Starfires were added later in the year, although the 82d FIS soon deployed overseas. Oddly, no fighter squadron at Geiger was ever assigned directly to the wing while wing headquarters was there. In another major ADC reorganization the following month, the wing assumed responsibility for the aircraft detection, warning and control mission with the assignment of the dispersed 636th-638th and 760th Aircraft Warning & Control (AC&W) Squadrons. and as ADC reorganized its fighter units, the 530th Air Defense Group, with two additional F-86 squadrons activated and also assumed host responsibilities for Geiger Field. The wing also added the 680th AC&W Sq, as well as five nationalized Air National Guard (ANG) AC&W Squadrons at Geiger Field. Later in 1953, the ANG squadrons were returned to ANG control and four of them were replaced by the regular USAF 682nd-685th AC&W Squadrons. These squadrons moved to other stations by the start of 1954 and were assigned to other ADC organizations.
- Designated as the 4702nd Defense Wing and organized on 1 February 1952
- Discontinued on 8 October 1954
- Western Air Defense Force, 1 February 1952
- 25th Air Division, 7 November 1952 – 8 October 1954
- 530th Air Defense Group, 16 February 1953 - 8 October 1954
- 566th Air Base Group, 6 February 1952 - 7 November 1952
- Hamilton Air Force Base, California, 1 February 1952
- Geiger Field, Washington, 7 November 1952 – 8 October 1954
- Col. T.W. Steed, 1 February 1952 - 7 Nov 1952
- Col. Joe H. Crakes, 7 November 1952 - unknown
- Col. Harrison R. Thyng, 14 August 1954 - 8 October 1954
- F-86D, 1953-1954
- F-89B, 1952
- F-89D, 1953
- F-94B, 1953
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946-1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 66.
- Grant, C.L., The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, (1961), USAF Historical Study No. 126, p. 33
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 290. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Maurer, p. 293
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 115. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Cornett & Johnson pp. 119-120
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 85
- Abstract, History of 4702nd Def Wg, Jan-Mar 1952 (accessed 15 Feb 2012)
- Abstract, History of 4702nd Def Wg, Apr-Jun 1952 (accessed 15 Feb 2012)
- Abstract, History of 4702nd Def Wg, Jan-Jun 1953 (accessed 15 Feb 2012)
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 392
- Maurer, p. 398
- Maurer, p. 53
- Maurer, p. 287
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 99
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 155
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 83
- Cornett & Johnson, pp. 94-96
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 53
- AFHRA Factsheet, 82nd Aerial Targets Squadron Archived 2012-03-22 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 3 Mar 2012)
- AFHRA Factsheet, 84th Flying Training Squadron (accessed 6 Mar 2012)
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 94
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 95
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 96
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 97
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 160
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 165
- Abstract, History of 4702nd Def Wg, Nov-Dec 1952 (accessed 15 Feb 2012)
- Abstract, History of 4702nd Def Wg, Jul-Oct 1954 (accessed 15 Feb 2012)
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Grant, C.L., (1961) The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, USAF Historical Study No. 126
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Winkler, David F.; Webster, Julie L (1997). Searching the skies: The legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program. Champaign, IL: US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. LCCN 97020912.
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense (PDF). Vol I. 1945-1955. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-4379-2131-1.