5.7 cm Maxim-Nordenfelt

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5.7 cm Maxim-Nordenfelt
The Battle of the Somme, July-november 1916 Q4021.jpg
A captured German 5.7 cm Maxim-Nordenfelt gun. Meaulte-Albert Road after the Battle of the Somme.
TypeFortress gun
Infantry gun
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service1887-1918
Used by Belgium
 German Empire
WarsWorld War I
Production history
DesignerMaxim-Nordenfelt
Designed1887
ManufacturerMaxim-Nordenfelt
No. built185 fortress guns
450 infantry guns
VariantsTank gun
Anti-tank gun
Specifications
MassTravel: 1,467 kg (3,234 lb)
Combat: 860 kg (1,900 lb)
Barrel length1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) L/26.3[1]

Shell57 x 224R Fixed QF ammunition[2]
Shell weight2.7 kg (5 lb 15 oz)
Caliber57 mm (2.2 in)
BreechVertical sliding-block
CarriageBox trail
Elevation-10° to +15°[1]
Rate of fire36 rpm
Muzzle velocity401 m/s (1,320 ft/s)
Effective firing range2.7 km (1.7 mi)
Maximum firing range6.4 km (4 mi)[1]

The 5.7 cm Maxim-Nordenfelt "Canon de caponnière" was a fortress gun and infantry gun developed during the 1880s in Britain which was sold to Belgium and later produced under license by the Cockerill company. It saw action during World War I in both Belgian and German hands.

Design[edit]

Fortress Gun[edit]

In 1887 the Belgian War Ministry ordered 185 5.7 cm fortress guns to arm their fortresses including Namur and Liege. The 5.7 cm Maxim-Nordenfelt was a short 26 caliber gun and not the longer 42-50 caliber QF 6-pounder Nordenfelt naval gun. It was a typical built-up gun of the period made of steel with a vertical sliding-block breech and it fired fixed QF ammunition of a number of different styles. The guns were mounted in Grüsonwerke gun turrets or in armored casemates on central pivot mounts and used in an anti-personnel role.[1]

Infantry Gun[edit]

In addition to its fortress gun role, it was deployed in an infantry gun role. The guns were mounted on light two-wheeled box trail carriages without a recoil mechanism and protected by a three-sided gun shield. During 1914 the Germans captured large numbers of these guns and used them in the infantry gun role mainly to engage enemy machine gun nests in support of infantry assaults. In 1916 the Germans had 450 of these infantry guns in service.[1]

Tank Gun & Anti-tank Gun[edit]

In addition to the infantry gun role, the Germans used a number of guns to arm their A7V tanks and the guns were mounted in an armored casemate at the front of the vehicle with limited traverse. The Germans also mounted a number guns on central-pivot mounts on flatbed truck chassis to act as mobile anti-tank guns.[1]

Belgian Forts[edit]

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Fleisher, Wolfgang. German artillery : 1914-1918. Barnsley. p. 99. ISBN 9781473823983. OCLC 893163385.
  2. ^ "48-57 MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-09-23.

External links[edit]