53rd Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
|53rd Rifle Division|
|Active||I Formation: 1931–1946|
II Formation: 1955
|Engagements||World War II|
|Battle honours||Novoukrainka (1st formation)|
named for Friedrich Engels (1st formation
The 53rd was formed in 1931 as a territorial division; Ivan Boldin became its first commander and military commissar in April of that year, and would hold that position until December 1934. It was stationed in the Volga Military District with the 12th Rifle Corps. By 1935, the division was headquartered at Engels and included the 157th Rifle Regiment at Engels, the 158th Rifle Regiment at Krasny Kut, the 159th Rifle Regiment at Pugachyov, and the 53rd Artillery Regiment at Pugachyov. On 8 July 1937 it received the honorific "named for Friedrich Engels". Before the war it became part of the 21st Army in the Gomel Region of the Western Special Military District.
World War II
Poirer and Connor, in their 1985 Red Army Order of Battle, say that the division fought at Yelnya, on the Dnieper River, at Uman and Targul Frumos. For its actions in the capture of Jassy, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner on 15 September 1944. The division was with 46th Army of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in May 1945.
In 1955, the division was reformed from the 318th Rifle Division with the 3rd Rifle Corps at Uzhhorod, inheriting the honorifics "Novorossiysk Order of Suvorov". On 9 September 1955, it became the 39th Mechanized Division. The division received personnel and equipment from the disbanded 13th Guards Mechanized Division in fall 1955 and on 4 December became the 39th Guards Mechanized Division.
- Vozhakin 2005, p. 29.
- "Дислокация войсковых частей, штабов, управлений, учреждений и заведений Рабоче-Крестьянской Красной Армии по состоянию на 1 июля 1935 года" [Stationing of military units, headquarters, directorates, institutions and establishments of the Red Army as of 1 July 1935] (PDF) (in Russian). Moscow: 4th Directorate of the Staff of the Red Army. 1 July 1935. p. 18.
- "53-я Новоукраинская Краснознаменная стрелковая дивизия" [53rd Rifle Division]. rkka.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- Affairs Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union 1967, p. 492.
- Feskov et al 2013, p. 489.
- Glubokovskikh 1946.
- Feskov et al 2013, p. 151.
- Feskov et al 2013, pp. 205–206.
- Affairs Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union (1967). Сборник приказов РВСР, РВС СССР, НКО и Указов Президиума Верховного Совета СССР о награждении орденами СССР частей, соединениий и учреждений ВС СССР. Часть I. 1920 - 1944 гг [Collection of orders of the RVSR, RVS USSR and NKO on awarding orders to units, formations and establishments of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Part I. 1920–1944] (PDF) (in Russian). Moscow.
- Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 978-5-89503-530-6.
- Glubokovskikh, Major (28 September 1946). "Перечень" [List]. obd-memorial (in Russian). Central Archives of the Russian Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 February 2019. – Located in fond 33, opus 594258, file 34 of the Central Archives of the Russian Ministry of Defence, a list of units disbanded postwar in the Odessa Military District
- Poirer and Connor, Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, 1985
- Vozhakin, Mikhail Georgievich, ed. (2005). Великая Отечественная. Командармы. Военный биографический словарь [The Great Patriotic War: Army Commanders: Military Biographical Dictionary] (in Russian). Moscow: Kuchkovo Pole. ISBN 5860901135.