58th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)

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58th Rifle Division
58th Mountain Rifle Division
Active1932 – 1941
Country Soviet Union
BranchRed Army
TypeInfantry and Mountain Infantry
SizeDivision

The 58th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army formed during the interwar period. Its second formation during World War II gained the Oder honorific.

History[edit]

The 58th Rifle Division, as it was first known, was formed in 1932 as a result of Mikhail Tukhachevsky's army reforms which established a number of new divisions.[1] Its first recorded commander and commissar was Vasily Polyakov, who took the position in April 1932. Polyakov transferred to command the 96th Rifle Division in December 1933,[2] and was replaced by assistant division commander Grigory Kaptsevich (who received the rank of kombrig in 1935 when the Red Army introduced personal ranks). During the 1935 Kiev Military District maneuvers, the division took on the role of an airborne division as a demonstration as the Red Army did not yet include airborne divisions. Kaptsevich was arrested during the Great Purge on 13 August 1937 and ultimately executed.[3]

The division was headquartered at Cherkasy as part of the Kiev Military District where it remained at peacetime strength until January 1941 when it was re-formed as the 58th Mountain Rifle Division.

Organization on Formation[edit]

The division was first formed in 1932 as the 58th Rifle Division. In Cherkasy the division had the following structure:

  • 170th Rifle Regiment
  • 279th Rifle Regiment
  • 335th Rifle Regiment
  • 244th Artillery Regiment
  • 138th Howitzer Regiment

Organization on Disbandment[edit]

Organization of the division before it was destroyed during the Uman pocket:[4][5]

  • Headquarters
    • 170th Rifle Regiment
    • 279th Rifle Regiment
    • 335th Rifle Regiment
    • 368th Rifle Regiment
    • 244th Artillery Regiment
    • 258th Howitzer Regiment
    • 138th Anti-Tank Battalion
    • 125th Anti-Aircraft Battalion
    • 81st Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 126th Engineer Battalion
    • 100th Signal Battalion
    • 114th Medical Battalion
    • 132nd Supply Battalion
    • 105th Chemical Defense Company
  • Also Attached
    • 59th Field Bakery
    • 258th Field Post Station
    • 353rd Field Ticket Officer of the State Bank

Commanders[edit]

The division had a number of divisional commanders, including:[6][7]

Subordination[edit]

The division was transferred between commands many times, including the following:

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Forging Stalin's Army. 2018-02-19. doi:10.4324/9780429500398. ISBN 9780429500398.
  2. ^ Cherushev & Cherushev 2014, pp. 198–199.
  3. ^ Cherushev & Cherushev 2014, pp. 108–109.
  4. ^ "Soviet Mountain Rifle Division, 22 June 1941". niehorster.org. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  5. ^ "58 ГОРНО СТРЕЛКОВАЯ ДИВИЗИЯ". bdsa.ru. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  6. ^ "Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия". www.rkka.ru. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  7. ^ rkka.ru http://rkka.ru/handbook/reg/58sd41.htm. Retrieved 2019-02-10. Missing or empty |title= (help)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cherushev, Nikolai Semyonovich; Cherushev, Yury Nikolaevich (2014). Расстрелянная элита РККА. Комбриги и им равные. 1937-1941 [Executed Elite of the Red Army, 1937–1941: Kombrigs and equivalents] (in Russian). Moscow: Kuchkovo Pole. ISBN 978-5-9950-0388-5.