5th Air and Air Defence Forces Army
|5th Army of Air Forces and Air Defence|
|Branch||Russian Air Force|
|Size||2000s: ~ 3-5 air regiments|
The 5th Army of VVS and PVO (5-я Краснознамённая армия военно-воздушных сил и противовоздушной обороны) was the Russian Air Force's smallest Air Army, with the headquarters located in Yekaterinburg. Its zone of responsibility was the Volga-Ural Military District, on the border between Europe and Asia. The commanding officer of the 5th Air Army was from May 2006, Lieutenant-General Vadim Volkovitskiy.
After the fall of the Soviet Union, the 4th Independent Air Defence Army of the former Soviet Air Defence Forces remained operating with its headquarters at Yekaterinburg. In December 1994 the army became the 5th Independent Air Defence Corps. In 1998 this brought in air forces formations and became the 5th Independent Corps of VVS and PVO. On 1 January 2001 the formation became the 5th Army of the VVS and PVO. The Air Army had no combat aircraft (except a small number of Su-25 attack aircraft located at Kant, Kyrgyzstan) and only three regiments of surface-to-air missiles (Yekaterinburg, Samara and Engels), but included two helicopter regiments and some other auxiliary units. The 764th Fighter Aviation Regiment, operating MiG-31 aircraft, which was stationed Bolshoye Savino Airport 16 km southwest of Perm, within the zone of the 5th Air Army, was subordinated directly to the Air Forces HQ. The Kant Air Base was established in October 2003 and was also subordinated to the 5th Air Army, along with possibly another air base in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. From July 2007 to its disbandment, the commander of the 5th Army was Lieutenant General Mikhail Kucheryavy.
2007 Russian Structure
- Headquarters, 5th Air Army - Yekaterinburg
- 30th Aviation Base - HQ at Koltsovo near Yekaterinburg - An-26 (former 142th Independent Composite Air Squadron);
- 303rd Independent Helicopter Squadron (Hisor, Tajikistan)
- 320th Independent Transport Squadron of Search & Rescue Service - HQ at Uprun (Troitsk), near Chelyabinsk - Mi-8;
- 999th Air Base - HQ at Kant, Kyrgyzstan - L-39, Mi-8, Su-25;
- 76th Air Defence Division (Samara)
- 511th Guards Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (Engels, Saratov Oblast)
- 185th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (former 57th SAM Brigade) (Beryozovsky/Берёзовский, Sverdlovsk Oblast)
- 568th(?) Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (Samara) - in December 1993 renamed from 134th Red Banner Anti-Aircraft Rocket Brigade
- One radiotechnical brigade, one radiotechnical regiment (radar)
- Army Aviation component
- Holm, Michael. "4th independent Air Defence Army". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- "История Уральского объединения ВВС и ПВО" [History of the Ural Air and Air Defence Forces Organization] (in Russian). Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- 'Kucheryavy takes up post as Urals Air Force, Air Defense Army commander', AVN Military News Agency, MOSCOW. July 10, 2007 (Interfax-AVN)
- Konfisakhor, Aleksandra; Fomicheva, Yekaterina (29 December 2016). "Вице-губернатором Ленобласти станет бывший руководитель Управления ФСТЭК по СЗФО Михаил Кучерявый" [Vice-governor of Leningrad Oblast is former director of the Northwestern Federal District FSTC Mikhail Kucheryavy]. DP Biznes Press (in Russian). Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "General Staff". warfare.ru. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "4-я армия ВВС и ПВО" [4th Air and Air Defence Forces Army] (in Russian). Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- Source ru-wiki 5 VA page, accessed August 2009
- Kommersant, http://www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=766827, May 2007
- "511th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
- "134th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
- "793rd independent Helicopter Regiment". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
- Air Forces Monthly, July & August 2007 issues.