69th Reconnaissance Group
|69th Reconnaissance Group|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Garrison/HQ||Grand Forks Air Force Base, ND|
|Engagements||American Theater of World War II European Theater of Operations|
|69th Reconnaissance Group emblem (Approved 19 May 2014)|
(Insignia Design & Artwork by Capt Sam Hicks, TSgt Jason M. Estes)
|Reconnaissance||RQ-4B Global Hawk|
The 69th Reconnaissance Group was an active United States Air Force that is part of Air Combat Command. A geographically-separated unit of the 9th Reconnaissance Wing at Beale Air Force Base, California, the group is stationed at Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota where it was a tenant of the 319th Air Base Wing.
The group served in the American and European Theaters of World War II as a reconnaissance unit flying a variety of aircraft until returning to the United States where it was inactivated. It was reactivated in the fall of 2011 as an unmanned aircraft reconnaissance group.
The group was activated in the fall of 1941 as the 69th Observation Group with two squadrons assigned. The group flew antisubmarine patrols along the Pacific coast after the Attack on Pearl Harbor.
The group engaged primarily in air to ground training during 1943 and 1944 while it was successively designated 69th Reconnaissance Group and 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group. It began training with North American F-6 Mustangs in January 1945 for duty overseas. The 69th moved to France in February to March 1945 where it was assigned to Ninth AF. It flew visual and photographic reconnaissance missions to provide intelligence for ground and air units. It was again designated the 69th Reconnaissance Group in June 1945. The group returned to the United States in July and August 1945. There it trained with F-6 Mustangs and Douglas A-26 Invader aircraft. The group was inactivated on 29 July 1946.
The 69th was once again activated on 19 September 2011 to conduct reconnaissance with unmanned aerial vehicles, specifically as the second group level organization with associated reconnaissance squadrons flying the Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk.
The 69th Reconnaissance Group was last commanded by Col Christopher Larson.
- Constituted as 69th Observation Group on 21 August 1941
- Activated on 3 September 1941
- Redesignated: 69th Reconnaissance Group on 15 April 1943
- Redesignated: 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 11 August 1943
- Redesignated: 69th Reconnaissance Group on 15 June 1945
- Inactivated on 29 July 1946
- Activated 19 September 2011
- Inactivated on 28 June 2019
- 4th Air Support Command (later IV Ground Air Support Command) 3 September 1941
- Second Air Force, 21 August 1942
- II Ground Air Support Command (later II Air Support Command), 7 September 1942
- III Air Support Command (later III Reconnaissance Command, 6 August 1943
- Third Air Force, 9 October 1943
- III Tactical Air Division, 18 April 1944
- XII Tactical Air Command, 27 March 1945
- Ninth Air Force, 20 May 1945
- Third Air Force, 9 July 1945
- Tactical Air Command 21 March 1946 – 29 July 1946
- 9th Reconnaissance Wing 19 September 2011 – 28 June 2019
- 7th Reconnaissance Squadron, 15 May 2015 – present
- 10th Observation Squadron (later 10th Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron), 2 March 1942 – 31 March 1946
- 12th Reconnaissance Squadron 1 March 2013 – 28 June 2019
- 22d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 29 January 1945 – 29 July 1946
- 31st Observation Squadron (later 31st Reconnaissance Squadron, 31st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron): 29 March 1942 – 20 March 1945 (attached ca. 8 December 1941 – 29 March 1942)
- 39th Reconnaissance Squadron (later 101st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 101st Bombardment Photographic Squadron), 11 April 1944 – 29 January 1945, (attached 7 November 1945 – 25 December 1945)
- 82d Observation Squadron: 3 September 1941 – 5 April 1942
- 102d Observation Squadron (later 102d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron): 29 March 1942 – 5 April 1944
- 111th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron: 20 April 1945 – 2 July 1945
- 115th Observation Squadron (later 115th Liaison Squadron): 3 September 1941 – 11 August 1943
- 348th Reconnaissance Squadron: 19 September 2011 – 28 June 2019
- 5th Photo Lab Section (later 5th Photographic Technical Unit, 18th Photographic Technical Unit), 19 April 1944 – 23 June 1945
- Douglas O-38
- Douglas O-46
- North American O-47
- Curtiss O-52 Owl
- Stinson L-1 Vigilant
- Taylorcraft L-2
- Aeronca L-3
- Piper L-4 Cub
- Stinson L-5 Sentinel (earlier O-49)
- Bell P-39 Airacobra
- Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
- North American B-25 Mitchell
- Douglas A-20 Havoc
- Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk
- North American F-6 Mustang
- Douglas A-26 Invader
- American Theater of World War II
- Campaign: Antisubmarine
- European Theater of World War II
- Campaign: Central Europe
- Robertson, Patsy (17 September 2015). "Factsheet 69 Reconnaissance Group (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 136–137
- Haulman, Daniel L. (29 May 2015). "7 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 57–58
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 117–119
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 155
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 333
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 287–288
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 334–335
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 340–341
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 344–345
- Robertson, Patsy (16 March 2015). "Factsheet 348 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- Dollman, TSG David (18 October 2016). "Factsheet 18 Intelligence Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- Station Designators in Europe are from Johnson.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2015.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.