77th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)

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 77 Street
 "R" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
77th Street - Northbound Platform.jpg
Manhattan-bound platform
Station statistics
Address77th Street & Fourth Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11209
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleBay Ridge
Coordinates40°37′42.59″N 74°1′33.37″W / 40.6284972°N 74.0259361°W / 40.6284972; -74.0259361Coordinates: 40°37′42.59″N 74°1′33.37″W / 40.6284972°N 74.0259361°W / 40.6284972; -74.0259361
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Fourth Avenue Line
Services      R all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport New York City Bus: B4; B37 (on Third Avenue); B63 (on Fifth Avenue)
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedJanuary 15, 1916 (103 years ago) (1916-01-15)[1]
Station code037[2]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)1,980,011[4]Increase 13.5%
Rank247 out of 425
Station succession
Next northBay Ridge Avenue: R all times
Next south86th Street: R all times

77th Street is a station on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. It is served by the R train at all times and is located at 77th Street and Fourth Avenue in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn.

History[edit]

On January 24, 1913, construction began on Route 11B2, which includes this station and extends between 61st Street and 89th Street. Construction was completed on this section in 1915.[5] 77th Street opened on January 15, 1916 as part of an extension of the BMT Fourth Avenue Line from 59th Street to 86th Street.[1][6]

The platforms were originally 435 feet (133 m) long, allowing for six-car local trains.[7] On February 16, 1925, the Board of Transportation directed its engineers to prepare plans to lengthen the platforms at twelve stations along the Fourth Avenue Line, including this station, to accommodate eight-car trains at the cost of $633,000.[8]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B2 Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Whitehall Street late nights) (Bay Ridge Avenue)
Southbound "R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (86th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Stairs on east side of Fourth Avenue
Northbound R train arriving

This underground station has two side platforms and two tracks.[9] Both platforms have cinder-block tiles installed during a 1970s renovation. The original trim lines were replaced with white cinderblock tiles, except for small recesses in the walls, which contain orange-painted cinderblock tiles. The staircases were repaired and new platform edges were installed. The orange cinderblock field contains the station-name signs and white text pointing to the exits. The renovation also replaced incandescent lighting with fluorescent lighting.

Both platforms have yellow columns that run at regular intervals along the entire length. Alternating ones have the standard black and white station name plate. The columns are round in the center and i-beams at either ends (where the platforms were extended in the 1950s to accommodate the current standard length of a B Division train of 600 feet).

The station is built on the west side of Fourth Avenue due to plans for a possible extension of the express tracks south of 59th Street.[10] As a result of the possibility of the extension of the express tracks, there is space underneath the northbound platform for an additional trackway at this station for the Bay Ridge-bound express track. This also can be found at Bay Ridge Avenue.

Exits[edit]

The station's full-time entrance is a mezzanine at the south end above the platforms and tracks. Two staircases from each platform go up to a waiting area/crossover, where a turnstile bank provides entrance/exit from the system. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and two staircases going up to either northern corners of 77th Street and Fourth Avenue. The northwest staircase has its original ornate banisters and railings. Inside the mezzanine, there are mosaics indicating a newsstand and two restrooms, all of which are now defunct, and directing to each platform.[11]

In addition, the Bay Ridge-bound platform has an exit-only at the north end. A single platform-level exit-only turnstiles leads to a double flight staircase that goes up to the northwest corner of 76th Street and Fourth Avenue.[11] The landing here has the station's original trim line with "77" tablets on it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Subway Running To Eighty-Sixth Street Starts Building Boom In Bay Ridge". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 15, 1916. Retrieved June 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  5. ^ Rogoff, David (May 1961). "New York Division ERA Bulletin May 1961". Google Docs. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  6. ^ Senate, New York (State) Legislature (January 1, 1917). Documents of the Senate of the State of New York.
  7. ^ Fourth Avenue Subway, Brooklyn's New Transportation Line: A Part of the Dual System of Rapid Transit of the City of New York. Public Service Commission. June 19, 1915.
  8. ^ "12 B-M. T. STATIONS TO BE LENGTHEHED; Transportation Board Orders Engineers to Prepare Contracts for Brooklyn Work. COST PUT AT $633,000 Letter to Commission Urges That Company Be Compelled to Buy New Cars". The New York Times. February 17, 1925. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  9. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "Brooklyn Subway Extension Plan: Fourth Ave. Line to 86th St., Tunnel to Staten Island, and Eventually a Through Route to Coney Island" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. February 16, 1912. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Bay Ridge" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.

External links[edit]