86th Street (Manhattan)
A building at the corner of 86th Street and Lexington Avenue, which has since been demolished
|Other name(s)||German Broadway|
|Length||1.6 mi (2.6 km)|
|Width||100 feet (30.48 m)|
|Postal code||10024 (west), 10028 (east)|
|West end||Riverside Drive in Upper West Side|
|East end||East End Avenue in Yorkville|
86th Street is a major two-way street in the Upper East Side and Upper West Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It runs in two major sections: between East End and Fifth Avenues on the Upper East Side, and between Central Park West and Riverside Drive on the Upper West Side. The western segment feeds into the 86th Street transverse across Central Park, which connects to East 84th and 85th Streets on the eastern side.
On the West Side its continuous cliff-wall of apartment blocks including The Belnord is broken by two contrasting landmarked churches at prominent corner sites, the Tuscan Renaissance Saints Paul and Andrew United Methodist Church at the corner of West End Avenue, and the rusticated brownstone Romanesque Revival West-Park Presbyterian Church at the corner of Amsterdam Avenue.
Until the years following World War II, Yorkville on the East Side was a predominantly German community, and East 86th Street was nicknamed the German Broadway. The early settlement originally clustered around the 86th Street stop of the New York and Harlem Railroad. Since the late 1980s, nearly all distinctly German shops have disappeared, apart from a few restaurants on Second Avenue. The street was commonly considered a boundary for public utilities. For example, different telephone exchanges at East 79th and 97th Streets served the north and south sides of the street. Local number portability in the early 21st century allowed transferring phone numbers to either side.
A sunken street through Central Park, the 86th Street transverse, connects West 86th Street with eastbound East 84th Street and westbound East 85th Street. Miners Gate provides pedestrian access to the park at East 86th, and Mariners Gate at West 85th.
Before the subway opened on Lexington Avenue in 1917, a railroad station existed on Park Avenue, currently a right-of-way for the Metro North Railroad between 125th Street and Grand Central Terminal; it opened in May 1876 and closed in approximately 1903, and an emergency exit is the only vestige of the station's existence.
The New York and Harlem Railroad used to operate an 86th Street rail line which ran on the surface from Central Park West, through Central Park and on to York Avenue. The line then turned north and terminated at the Astoria Ferry landing at 92nd Street.
It is currently served by the following New York City Subway stations:
- 86th Street at Broadway serving the 1 and 2 trains
- 86th Street at Central Park West serving the A, B, and C trains
- 86th Street at Lexington Avenue serving the 4, 5, 6, and <6> trains
- 86th Street at Second Avenue serving the N, Q, and R trains
- Paula Barbieri – actress 
- Elaine Kaufman (former) – owner and operator of Elaine's
- Rush Limbaugh (former) – radio talk show host
- Mary Tyler Moore (former) – actress
- John Paulson – hedge fund manager
- Joe Namath (former) – professional football player
- Diamond Jim Brady (former) – businessman and philanthropist 
- Katie Couric (former) – news anchor
- Susan Crile – artist
- Tom Cruise (former) – actor, lived at 50 West 86th Street in 1981
- King Curtis (former) – saxophone player, lived and died at 50 West 86th Street
- Art D'Lugoff (former) – owner of The Village Gate
- Matt Damon (former) – actor
- Robert Downey Jr./Sarah Jessica Parker (former) – actors; lived together at 50 West 86th Street
- Robert Duvall– actor 
- Renee Fleming – opera "diva"
- Joe Franklin – radio and television personality
- Emir Gamsızoğlu – concert pianist
- Andrew Goodman (former) – Queens College anthropology student, Freedom Summer volunteer of the Congress of Racial Equality, famed civil rights activist and martyr, close friend of Paul Simon 
- William Randolph Hearst (former) – publishing magnate
- Amos E. Joel, Jr. (former) – inventor of the cellular phone
- John F. Kennedy Jr. (former) – publisher and son of John F. Kennedy
- Christine Lahti – actress 
- Ege Maltepe – actress and playwright
- Grete Mosheim Gould – German silent film actress
- Zero Mostel (former) – actor
- Julianne Moore (former) – actress
- Richard Rodgers (former) – composer
- Emery Roth (former) – Beaux Arts and Art Deco architect who designed The Normandy where he lived
- Jami Floyd – TV anchor
- Isabella Rossellini (former) – actress 
- Isaac Bashevis Singer (former) – Nobel Prize winning author; West 86th Street between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue was renamed Isaac Bashevis Singer Boulevard in his honor
- Sorvino family:
- Lee Strasberg (former) – acting teacher and actor 
- Moon Zappa (former) – actress, musician and author, eldest daughter of Frank Zappa in the early 1990s
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- Media related to 86th Street (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons