8 cm kanon vz. 30

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8 cm kanon vz. 30
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L16175, Krakau, Parade von SS und Polizei.jpg
Parade of SS troops in Krakow, October 1940
TypeField gun
Place of originCzechoslovakia
Service history
In service1930-1945
Used by Czechoslovakia
 Nazi Germany
WarsWorld War II[1]
Production history
DesignerŠkoda Works
Designed1928-1930
ManufacturerŠkoda Works
Specifications
MassCombat: 1,816 kg (4,004 lb)
Travel: 2,977 kg (6,563 lb)
Barrel length3.06 m (10.0 ft) L/40[1]

ShellFixed QF 76.5 x 346mm R[2]
Shell weight8 kg (17 lb 10 oz)
Caliber76.5 mm (3 in)
BreechHorizontal sliding wedge
RecoilHydro-pneumatic
CarriageTwo-wheeled, box trail
Elevation-8° to +80°
Traverse
Rate of fire10-12 rpm
Muzzle velocity600 m/s (1,968 ft/s)
Maximum firing range13.5 km (8.4 mi)[1]

The 8 cm kanon vz. 30 (Cannon model 30) was a Czech field gun used in World War II. Guns captured after the German invasion of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 were taken into Wehrmacht service as the 8 cm FK 30(t). It was used by a variety of German units during World War II, including I./SS-Artillerie-Abteilung 3 between 1939 and 1940.[3]

Design & history[edit]

The origins of the 8 cm kanon vz. 30 began in 1930 at the Škoda Works in Pilsen. It was modified from an earlier Skoda design, the 8 cm kanon vz. 28, which attempted to combine the field, mountain and anti-aircraft roles into one weapon. It proved to be fairly successful at the first two, but was a failure at the third. The Czechs only used the vz. 28 in limited numbers, but exported versions of the gun to Yugoslavia and Romania.[1] The Czechs decided to adopt the vz. 30 to replace their plethora of aged Austro-Hungarian field guns. They deleted the firing platform of the original design and used standard Czech 76.5 mm ammunition. It shared the same carriage that could break down into three pieces for transport a feature also shared by the earlier 10 cm houfnice vz. 28 and the later 10 cm houfnice vz. 30 guns.

References[edit]

  • Engelmann, Joachim and Scheibert, Horst. Deutsche Artillerie 1934-1945: Eine Dokumentation in Text, Skizzen und Bildern: Ausrüstung, Gliederung, Ausbildung, Führung, Einsatz. Limburg/Lahn, Germany: C. A. Starke, 1974
  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  • Peter Chamberlain and Terry Gander: Light and Medium field Artillery. New York. Arco Publishing. 1977. ISBN 0-668-03820-9

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Light and medium field artillery. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. pp. 6–7. ISBN 0668038209. OCLC 2067331.
  2. ^ "77-77 MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  3. ^ Niehorster, Leo W. G. German World War II Organizational Series, Vol. 2/II: Mechanized GHQ units and Waffen-SS Formations (10 May 1940), 1990

External links[edit]