91/Perris Valley Line
|91/Perris Valley Line|
Pedestrian bridge and tracks at the Fullerton station
|Termini||Los Angeles Union Station|
|Character||Elevated and surface-level|
|Line length||83.8 miles (134.9 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Operating speed||33 mph (53 km/h) (avg. Q4 2015-16)|
The 91/Perris Valley Line, formerly known as the 91 Line, is a commuter rail line operated by Metrolink that runs from Los Angeles to Perris in Southern California, paralleling State Route 91 between Riverside and Santa Fe Springs. Operating since May 2002, the line runs on the Southern Transcon track owned by BNSF Railway, as well as the Riverside County Transportation Commission-owned San Jacinto Branch Line. Although branded as a single line, not all trains serve the entire length of the line; some trains only travel the outermost stretch, between Downtown Riverside and South Perris; others only travel between Union Station and Downtown Riverside.
The stations at West Corona, North Main Corona, Riverside-La Sierra, and Riverside-Downtown are also served by the Inland Empire-Orange County Line; the station at Riverside-Downtown is also served by the Riverside Line. Although the 91 Line follows the same route through Los Angeles County as the Orange County Line, the 91 Line does not stop at the Commerce station.
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Metrolink began operating limited weekend service on the 91 Line in July 2014.
Perris Valley Line extension
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The Riverside County Transportation Commission (RCTC) purchased the BNSF San Jacinto Branch Line in 1993, soon after Metrolink began operating. Planning for the extension formally began in 2002. After studying the service alternatives available for the Perris Valley, RCTC selected commuter rail service in 2004. The Federal Transit Administration provided funding for the extension in 2007. In 2009, both the Federal Transit Administration and RCTC decided to conduct further studies into the project. The Federal Transit Administration decided to require a Supplemental Environmental Assessment (SEA) to refresh the 2004 information and to obtain new public comment. RCTC had decided to prepare a full draft environmental impact report (EIR) to clarify concerns and address new station site options. The draft EIR was released for public comment on April 5, 2010, with the public comment period closing on May 24, 2010. The draft SEA was completed and the comment period for the SEA ended on January 6, 2011. As of October 2012, comments received on both the EIR and the SEA were under review.
Seven stations were originally planned by RCTC—five to open along with the extension, and two to be built in the future. However, in the April 2010 CEQA-mandated environmental impact report, three stations were dropped: the two future stations, one on the Cajalco Expressway near its junction with Interstate 215 in Perris and one in Box Springs within Riverside; and a station adjacent to UC Riverside, which was removed due to complaints by local residents. In response to these removals, RCTC officials stated that more stations could be built in the future if necessary. A local community group filed a CEQA lawsuit against the extension in 2011; the group and RCTC settled the suit in 2013.
Led by RCTC, construction on the extension began in October 2013. Originally planned to start in December 2015, public service on the extension was delayed to February 2016, then March 2016, then scheduled for sometime in the spring. The delay had been attributed to construction on the South Perris station. After numerous delays, the extension opened June 6, 2016. Metrolink inconsistently uses the terms "91/Perris Valley Line" and "91 Line" to refer to both the extension and the entire rail line.
The extension was projected to cost $248 million with funding coming from the state, a $75 million grant from the Federal Transit Administration, and Measure A, Riverside County's special sales tax for transportation projects.[needs update]
In 2005, an RCTC-commissioned study determined that extending the line to San Jacinto or Hemet via an underused rail line owned by RCTC, and/or to Temecula via a brand-new trackage, would be feasible.
- "Metrolink Fact Sheet" (PDF). Southern California Regional Rail Authority. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-28. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "91/Perris Valley Line Schedule". Metrolink. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- "Metrolink Extension to Perris Now on Fast Track" (pdf). Metrolink. August–September 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Metrolink Route Map" (pdf). Metrolink. May 9, 2011. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Metrolink Introduces 91 Line Weekend Service". Metrolink. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Perris Valley Line". Riverside County Transportation Commission. Archived from the original on 2015-12-19. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "Schedule". Riverside County Transportation Commission. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- Draft environmental impact report
- Begley, Dug (April 12, 2010). "Perris line report includes few changes". The Press-Enterprise. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
- Begley, Dug (2011-08-26). "INLAND: Lawsuit filed over planned Perris Valley Line train project". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
- Bowen, Douglas John (2013-07-12). "Deal frees Metrolink Perris Valley Line". Railway Age. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
- Downey, David (August 13, 2015). "Perris Valley Line project is on track". The Press-Enterprise.
- Downey, David (September 14, 2014). "Transportation: Perris Valley Line taking shape". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Sheridan, Tom (February 12, 2016). "PERRIS VALLEY LINE: High-speed tests to help set opening date for new commuter route". The Press Enterprise. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
- "Perris Valley Metrolink start-up delayed". Inland News Today. March 22, 2016. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "Construction delays start of Perris Valley Metrolink service". Inland News Today. April 12, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
- Sheridan, Tom (2016-05-11). "METROLINK: Perris Valley Line set to open June 6 (UPDATE)". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- Sheridan, Tom (2016-06-06). "TRANSPORTATION: Perris Valley Line rolls out right on schedule". The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- "Metrolink to begin 91/Perris Valley Line service June 6" (Press release). Los Angeles: Metrolink. 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- Rojas, Rick (December 9, 2013). "$75-million federal grant to help fund Metrolink expansion to Perris". Los Angeles Times.
- Weikel, Dan (April 21, 2015). "Metrolink will extend 91 line to south Perris". Los Angeles Times.
- "2005 Commuter Rail Feasibility Study". Riverside County Transportation Commission. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "Metrolink Station and Parking Structure". City of Placentia. Retrieved 19 October 2016.