A Night at the Opera (Queen album)
|A Night at the Opera|
|Studio album by|
|Released||21 November 1975|
|Recorded||August – November 1975|
|Studio||Sarm, Roundhouse Studios, Trident Studios, Olympic Studios, Scorpio Sound and Lansdowne, London and Rockfield, Monmouthshire|
|Singles from A Night at the Opera|
A Night at the Opera is the fourth studio album by the British rock band Queen, released on 21 November 1975 by EMI Records in the United Kingdom and by Elektra Records in the United States. Produced by Roy Thomas Baker and Queen, it was reportedly the most expensive album ever recorded at the time of its release. The album's title is taken from the Marx Brothers film of the same name.
The album was recorded at various studios across a four-month period in 1975. Due to management issues, Queen received almost none of the money they earned for their previous albums. Subsequently, they ended their contract with Trident Studios and did not use their studios for their album (with the sole exception being "God Save the Queen", which was recorded the previous year). They employed a complex production that extensively used multitrack recording, and the songs incorporated a wide range of styles, such as ballads, music hall, dixieland, hard rock and progressive rock influences. Aside from their usual equipment, Queen also utilised a diverse range of instruments such as a double bass, harp, ukulele and more.
Upon release, the album topped the UK Albums Chart for four non-consecutive weeks. It peaked at number four on the US Billboard 200 chart and became the band's first Platinum-selling album in the US. The worldwide sales for the album are over six million copies. It also produced the band's most successful single in the UK, "Bohemian Rhapsody", which became their first UK number one and one of the best-selling singles in both the UK and the world.
A Night at the Opera received contemporary mixed reviews from critics, but they praised its production and the diverse musical themes, as well as recognising it as the album that established Queen as superstars. In 1977, it received two Grammy nominations for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus and Best Arrangement for Voices. Retrospective reviews have hailed it as Queen's magnum opus, and one of the greatest albums in rock history. In 2003, Rolling Stone ranked it number 231 on their list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In 2018, it was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording and production
- 3 Songs
- 3.1 Overview
- 3.2 Side one
- 3.3 Side two
- 4 Release
- 5 Reception and legacy
- 6 Track listing
- 7 Personnel
- 8 Charts
- 9 Certifications
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Queen's previous album, Sheer Heart Attack (1974), had obtained commercial success and brought the band mainstream attention, with the single "Killer Queen" reaching number two on the UK Singles Chart, as well as providing the band with their first top 20 hit in the United States. However, despite this success, the band was broke at the time. This was largely due to a contract they had signed which meant that they would produce albums for a production company, who would then sell the album to a record label. This meant that Queen saw almost none of the money they earned, which Brian May described as "probably the worst thing we ever did." Their finances were in such a poor state that Roger Taylor was warned not to drum too hard, as they were unable to afford new drumsticks. John Deacon, who had recently married, was denied money by their management to put a deposit on a house. This increasing frustration led to Freddie Mercury writing the song "Death on Two Legs", which would serve as the opening track to A Night at the Opera. Subsequently, the band negotiated out of their deal with Trident Studios and began searching for new management. They considered hiring Peter Grant, who was Led Zeppelin's manager at the time. Grant had intended the band would sign with Swan Song, Led Zeppelin's label, and suggested Queen go on tour while he sorted out their finances. However, the group feared Grant would prioritise Led Zeppelin over them, so they contacted John Reid, who was Elton John's manager at the time. Reid accepted, and advised the group to "go into the studio and make the best record you can make".
In 1990, May told BBC Radio Two, "For A Night at the Opera we sort of returned [to the] Queen II philosophy. We had our confidence because we had a hit. We had a kind of almost desperation about us too because we were totally bankrupt at that point. You know, we had made hit records but we hadn't had any of the money back and if the A Night at the Opera hadn't been a huge success I think we would have just disappeared under the ocean someplace. So we were making this album knowing it was live or die ... each of us individually wanted to realize our potential as writers and producers and everything."
Recording and production
Queen worked with producer Roy Thomas Baker and engineer Mike Stone. It was the last time they would work with Baker until Jazz in 1978. Gary Langan, who was 19 years old at the time and had been a tape operator on two of Sheer Heart Attack's songs, was promoted to an assistant engineer on the album. It was reportedly the most expensive album ever made at the time, with the estimated cost being £40,000 (equivalent to £329,600 in 2019).
The album was recorded at seven different studios over a period of four months; in contrast, Sheer Heart Attack had been recorded at four different studios. Queen spent a month during the summer of 1975 rehearsing in a barn at what would become Ridge Farm Studio in Surrey. The group then had a three-week writing and rehearsing session in a rented house in Herefordshire before recording began. From August to September 1975, the group worked at Rockfield and Monmouthshire. For the remainder of recording sessions, which lasted until November, the group recorded at Lansdowne, Sarm, Roundhouse, Scorpio Sound and Olympic Sound Studios. As their deal with Trident had ended, Trident Studios was not used during recording. The only song on the album recorded at Trident was "God Save the Queen", which had been recorded on 27 October the previous year, shortly before the band embarked on their Sheer Heart Attack Tour.
The group required multitracking for their complex vocal harmonies which typically consisted of May singing lower registers, Mercury singing middle registers and Taylor performing the higher parts (Deacon did not sing). Unlike their earlier albums, which had used 16-track tape, A Night at the Opera was recorded using 24-track tape. Their vocal harmonies are particularly notable on the song "Bohemian Rhapsody", which features an elaborate opera sequence dominated by multitracked vocals. Similarly, "The Prophet's Song" has an a capella middle section that utilises delay on Mercury's vocals. For their self-titled "guitar orchestrations", May overdubbed his homemade Red Special guitar through an amplifier built by Deacon, known as the Deacy Amp, later released commercially as the "Brian May" amplifier by Vox. Guitar layering is one of May's distinctive techniques as a rock guitarist. He has said that the technique was developed whilst looking for a violin sound.
Aside from their usual equipment, the group used a wide variety of instruments on the album. Mercury used a grand piano for the majority of the songs, contributing a jangle piano on "Seaside Rendezvous", while Taylor used a timpani and gong on "Bohemian Rhapsody". Deacon played double bass on "'39" and Wurlitzer Electric Piano on "You're My Best Friend". In the album liner notes, May was credited to "orchestral backdrops" — a reference to the fact that he played a number of instruments not typically found in Queen songs. He played an acoustic guitar on "Love of My Life" and "'39" as well a harp on "Love of My Life", and a toy koto on "The Prophet's Song". The song "Good Company" also features May recreating a Dixieland jazz band, which was done on his Red Special.
The album has been affiliated with progressive rock, pop, heavy metal and hard rock. It contains a diverse range of influences including folk, skiffle, British camp and music hall, jazz and opera. Each member wrote at least one song: five of the songs were Mercury contributions, four were written by May, and Taylor and Deacon had one song each. The closing track was an instrumental cover of "God Save the Queen", the British national anthem, for which May was credited as the arranger.
For their first two albums, much of Queen's songwriting combined contemporary progressive rock and heavy metal, which led to a "Led Zeppelin meets Yes" description of the band. However, starting with Sheer Heart Attack, Queen began drawing inspiration from their everyday lives, and embraced more mainstream musical styles, a trend which A Night at the Opera would continue. Lyrical themes ranged from science fiction and fantasy to heartbreak and romance, often with a tongue in cheek sense of humour. The Winnipeg Free Press noted that the group blended "clever, often poignant lyrics with attractively-arranged melodies".
"Death on Two Legs (Dedicated to...)"
"Death on Two Legs" can be referred to as Freddie Mercury's hate letter to Queen's first manager, Norman Sheffield, who for some years was reputed to have mistreated the band and abused his role as their manager from 1972 to 1975. Sheffield denied the allegations in his 2013 autobiography entitled "Life on Two Legs: Set The Record Straight", and referred to copies of the original 1972 management contracts between Sheffield and Queen, which were included in the book as proof of his defence. Though the song never makes direct reference to him, after listening to a playback of the song at Trident Studios during the time of album release, Sheffield was appalled, and sued the band and the record label for defamation, which resulted in an out-of-court settlement, but also confirmed his connection to the song.
In the Classic Albums documentary about the making of A Night at the Opera, Brian May stated that the band was somewhat taken aback at first by the bitterness of Mercury's lyrics, and described by Mercury as being "so vindictive that he [May] felt bad singing it". After the song came together, it was agreed that the "author should have his way", and the song was recorded as written. As with "Bohemian Rhapsody", most of the guitar parts on this song were initially played on piano by Mercury, to demonstrate to May how they needed to be played on guitar.
During live performances, Mercury would usually rededicate the song to "a real motherfucker of a gentleman", although this line was censored on the version that appeared on their Live Killers album in 1979. Other than on the live album, he said it was dedicated to a "motherfucker I used to know". "Death on Two Legs" remained on the setlist until, and well into, The Game Tour in 1980, and was then dropped. However, the piano introduction was played during the Hot Space and Works tours.
"Lazing on a Sunday Afternoon"
"Lazing on a Sunday Afternoon" is another song by Mercury. He played piano and performed all of the vocals. The lead vocal was sung in the studio and reproduced through headphones in a tin bucket elsewhere in the studio. A microphone picked up the sound from the bucket, which gives it a hollow "megaphone" sound. The guitar solo is also reported to have been recorded on the vocal track, as there were no more tracks to record on, as explained by producer Roy Thomas Baker during the Classic Albums documentary.
"I'm in Love with My Car"
"I'm in Love with My Car" is amongst Roger Taylor's most famous songs in the Queen catalogue. The song was initially taken as a joke by May, who thought that Taylor was not serious when he heard a demo recording. Taylor played the guitars in the original demo, but they were later re-recorded by May on his Red Special. The lead vocals were performed by Taylor on the studio version, and all released live versions. The revving sounds at the conclusion of the song were recorded by Taylor's then current car, an Alfa Romeo. The lyrics were inspired by one of the band's roadies, Johnathan Harris, whose Triumph TR4 was evidently the "love of his life". The song is dedicated to him, the album says: "Dedicated to Johnathan Harris, boy racer to the end".
When it came down to releasing the album's first single, Taylor was so fond of his song that he urged Mercury (author of the first single, "Bohemian Rhapsody") to allow it to be the B-side and reportedly locked himself in a cupboard until Mercury agreed. This decision would later become the cause of much internal friction in the band, in that while it was only the B-side, it generated an equal amount of publishing royalties for Taylor as the main single did for Mercury.
The song was often played live during the 1977–81 period. Taylor sang it from the drums while Mercury played piano and provided backing vocals. It was played in the Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour in 2005 and the Rock the Cosmos Tour in 2008. Taylor would again play the song for his concerts with The Cross and solo tours, where instead of drums he played rhythm guitar.
"You're My Best Friend"
"You're My Best Friend" was Queen's first single written by John Deacon. He composed while he was learning to play piano. He played the Wurlitzer Electric Piano (which Mercury called a "horrible" instrument in an interview) on the recording and overdubbed the bass later on. The song was written for his wife, Veronica Tetzlaff. The song was a top 10 hit.
"'39" was May's attempt to do "sci-fi skiffle". "'39" relates the tale of a group of space explorers who embark on what is, from their perspective, a year-long voyage. Upon their return, however, they realise that a hundred years have passed, because of the time dilation effect in Einstein's theory of relativity, and the loved ones they left behind are now all dead or aged.
May sings the song on the album, with backing vocals by Mercury and Taylor. During live performances, Mercury sang the lead vocal. May had asked Deacon to play double bass as a joke but a couple of days later he found Deacon in the studio with the instrument, and he had already learned to play it.
George Michael performed "'39" at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert on 20 April 1992. Michael cited this song as his favourite Queen song, claiming he used to busk it on the London Underground. Recently, Queen have included the song on the setlists of their recent tours with Adam Lambert  and before Adam with Paul Rodgers; for all these tours since 2005 it is sung, as it is on the album, by May.
"Sweet Lady" is a distortion-driven fast rocker written by May. The song is an unusual rock style in 3/4-meter (which gives way to 4/4 at the bridge).
"Seaside Rendezvous", written by Mercury, is notable for the mock-instrumental bridge section which begins at around 0:51 into the song. The section is performed entirely by Mercury and Taylor using their voices alone. Mercury imitates woodwind instruments including a clarinet and Taylor mostly brass instruments, including tubas and trumpets, and even a kazoo; during this section Taylor hits the highest note on the album, C6. The "tap dance" segment is performed by Mercury and Taylor on the mixing desk with thimbles on their fingers. Mercury plays both grand piano and jangle honky-tonk.
"The Prophet's Song"
The Prophet's Song was composed by May (working title "People of the Earth"). On the show In the Studio with Redbeard, which spotlighted A Night at the Opera, May explained that he wrote the song after a dream he'd had about a great flood while he was recovering from being ill while recording the Sheer Heart Attack album, and is the source of some of the lyrics. The dream May had was about The Great Flood, and lyrics have references from the Bible and the Noah's Ark account. He spent several days putting it together, and it includes a vocal canon sung by Mercury. The vocal, and later instrumental canon was produced by early tape delay devices. It is a heavy and dark number with a strong progressive rock influence and challenging lead vocals. At over eight minutes in length, it's also Queen's longest studio song (not counting the untitled instrumental track on "Made in Heaven"). As detailed by May in a documentary about the album, the speed-up effect that happens in the middle of the guitar solo was achieved by starting a reel-to-reel player with the tape on it, as the original tape player was stopped.
"Love of My Life"
"Love of My Life" is one of Queen's most covered songs (there have been versions by many acts like Extreme featuring May, Scorpions and Elaine Paige). Mercury played piano (including a classical solo) and did all of the vocals with startling multi-tracking precision. May played harp (doing it chord by chord and pasting the takes to form the entire part), Gibson Hummingbird acoustic guitar (which he'd bought in Japan) and his Red Special.
May eventually arranged the song so it could be played on an acoustic 12 string for live performances. "Love of My Life" was such a concert favourite that Mercury frequently stopped singing and allowed the audience to take over. It was especially well received during concerts in South America, and the band released the song as a single there. When Queen and Paul Rodgers performed the song (specifically Brian solo) he sang almost none of the words and let the audience sing it all, continuing the tradition. When Queen and Adam Lambert performed it, Brian would play along to a projection of Freddie singing.
"Good Company" was written and sung by May, who provides all vocals and plays a genuine George Formby ukulele banjo. The recording is remarkable for featuring an elaborate recreation of a Dixieland-style jazz band, produced by way of May's Red Special guitar and Deacy Amp. May composed the song on a Banjo ukelele, but recorded the song with a regular ukulele instead. Mercury was not involved with the song's recording, making it one of the few Queen songs not to feature their lead singer.
"Bohemian Rhapsody" was written by Mercury with the first guitar solo composed by May. All piano, bass and drum parts, as well as the vocal arrangements, were thought up by Mercury on a daily basis and written down "in blocks" (using note names instead of sheets) on a phonebook. During the recording, the song became affectionately known as "Fred's Thing" to the band, and the title only emerged during the final sessions. The other members recorded their respective instruments with no concept of how their tracks would be utilised in the final mix.
The famous operatic section was originally intended to be only a short interlude of "Galileos" that connected the ballad and hard rock portions of the song. The interlude is full of "obscure classical characters: Scaramouche, a clown from the commedia dell'arte; astronomer Galileo; Figaro, the principal character in Beaumarchais' The Barber of Seville and The Marriage of Figaro; and Beelzebub, identified in the Christian New Testament as Satan, Prince of Demons, but in Arabic as "Lord of the Flies". Also in Arabic the word Bismillah', which is a noun from a phrase in the Qur'an; "Bismi-llahi r-rahmani r-rahiim", meaning "In the name of God, most gracious, most merciful".
Despite being twice as long as the average single in 1975 and garnering mixed critical reviews initially, the song became immensely popular, topping charts worldwide (where it remained for an unprecedented nine weeks in the UK) and is widely regarded as one of the most significant rock songs in history. After Mercury's death, the song was rereleased as a double A-side to "These Are The Days Of Our Lives" on 9 December 1991 in the UK and 5 September, 1991, in US.
"God Save the Queen"
May recorded a cover version of "God Save the Queen", the British national anthem, in 1974 before their Sheer Heart Attack tour. He played a guide piano which was edited out later and added several layers of guitars. After the song was completed it was played as a coda at virtually every Queen concert. When recording the track May played a rough version on piano for Roy Thomas Baker, producer, and Mike Stone, engineer. He called his own skills on the piano sub-par at the time. He performed the song live on the roof of Buckingham Palace for the Queen's Golden Jubilee in 2002. May has stated that he performed the song on the roof of Buckingham Palace as a homage to Jimi Hendrix's version of "The Star-Spangled Banner".
The album title was inspired by the Marx Brothers film of the same name, which the band had watched during recording sessions. Subsequently, they became good friends with the film's star Groucho Marx, to the point where Marx sent the band a letter praising their 1976 album A Day at the Races. Marx also invited Queen to visit him at his Los Angeles home in March 1977 (five months before he died). The band thanked him, and performed "'39" a cappella. The cover artwork features the band's logo, which was designed by Mercury, on a white background. The band's next album, A Day at the Races, featured a similar design but on a black background.
"Bohemian Rhapsody" was released as the lead single on 31 October 1975, with "I'm in Love with My Car" as its B-side. Their management initially refused to release it; however, Kenny Everett played a copy of the song on his show 14 times, at which point audience demand for the song intensified and the band's label was forced to release it. It subsequently topped the UK charts for nine weeks and peaked at number nine in the US. A second single, "You're My Best Friend" was released on 18 May 1976, with "'39" as its B-side. It reached number sixteen in the US and number seven in the UK.
The album was completed a week before the group were to embark on their A Night at the Opera Tour in support of the album. This resulted in a 36 hour mixing session, as the group wanted to have time to rehearse their setlist before touring. Due to time constraints, the group only had three and a half days to rehearse, at Elstree, with four hours taken off to shoot the music video for "Bohemian Rhapsody".The tour spanned 1975 and 1976, and covered the UK, the USA, Japan, and Australia.
The album was first re-released in the U.S. by Hollywood Records on 3 September 1991 with two bonus remixes, as part of a complete re-release of all Queen albums.
On 21 November 2005, it was once more re-released by Hollywood Records Catalogue Number 2061-62572-2 to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the album and its first single, "Bohemian Rhapsody". This release is accompanied by a DVD-Video disc with the same track listing featuring the original videos, old and new concert footage (including "'39" from the Queen + Paul Rodgers tour and Brian May on the roof of Buckingham Palace playing "God Save the Queen") and audio commentary by all four band members.
On 8 November 2010, record company Universal Music announced a remastered and expanded reissue of the album set for release in May 2011. This as part of a new record deal between Queen and Universal Music, which meant Queen's association with EMI Records came to an end after almost 40 years. According to Universal Music, all Queen albums were to be remastered and reissued in 2011. By September 2012 the reissue program was completed. Along with this came a 5.1 channel release of the album on Blu-ray Audio.
Reception and legacy
|Retrospective professional reviews|
|Christgau's Record Guide||B–|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
A Night at the Opera was not reviewed by the majority of the UK music magazines when it came out because the band were remixing the album until the last moment, and consequently no preview discs or tapes were sent out to the media before the record was officially released. In Record Mirror & Disc, Ray Fox-Cumming attempted to review the album based on a single listening at the playback party held for the press, which he admitted "isn't really enough" to form a proper critical opinion. However, he described his first impressions of "an amazing rush of music with one track running helter-skelter into the next ... The orchestral effects, all done by voices, are dazzling but come and go too quickly to appreciate on a solo listening." Fox-Cumming stated that the album had three highlights — "Death on Two Legs", "The Prophet Song" and "Bohemian Rhapsody" — and only one bad track, "Sweet Lady". He concluded that "as a whole, A Night at the Opera is faster, flashier and more complex than Sheer Heart Attack, but they haven't gone over the top".
On its release in the US four months later, Kris Nicholson of Rolling Stone said that although they share other heavy metal groups' penchant for "manipulating dynamics", Queen are an elite act in the genre and set themselves apart by incorporating "unlikely effects: acoustic piano, harp, a capella vocals, no synthesisers. Coupled with good songs." Robert Christgau, writing in The Village Voice, felt that the album "doesn't actually botch any of a half-dozen arty-to-heavy 'eclectic' modes ... and achieves a parodic tone often enough to suggest more than meets the ear. Maybe if they come up with a coherent masterwork I'll figure out what that more is." The Winnipeg Free Press wrote: "The group's potential is practically limitless, indicating that Queen is destined to finally take its place among the small handful of truly major acts working in rock today."
In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine called the album "a self-consciously ridiculous and overblown hard rock masterpiece" and "prog rock with a sense of humour as well as dynamics". Erlewine felt that Queen "never bettered their approach anywhere else". Progressive rock historian Stephen Lambe has disputed that the album itself is progressive rock in his book Citizens of Hope and Glory: The Story of Progressive Rock. He wrote: "While far from progressive rock, it was the band's most grandiose and ambitious album yet, full of great songwriting and prog influences." He said the album was "a neat symbol of the furthest reach of the progressive rock movement".
In 1992, Mojo called the album "an imperial extravaganza, a cornucopia", and Queen "a band of hungrily competitive individualists on a big roll of friendship and delight". In 2004, Jason Warburg of the Daily Vault stated that the album "absolutely blew me away" and that "A Night at the Opera was the disc that would catapult Queen from British hitmakers to global superstars. As with many such landmark albums it became part milestone and part millstone, with every album that followed compared in some way or another to the musical and commercial success they achieved here. Be that as it may, the music is what counts – and it is simply amazing."
In a 2006 review, Paul Rees of Q observed that although A Night at the Opera was "released the same year as both Bowie's arch soul pastiche Young Americans and the sleek art rock of Roxy's Siren, it has rarely been heralded as either. Yet it was, and is, every bit as brash, bold and full of the joys of its own possibilities." Feeling that Queen "never came close to bettering their fourth album", Rees concluded that "later albums would expose the lack of soul at the heart of Queen's music; they were all surface, no feeling. They elected themselves the great entertainers, and this heady rush of experimentation was not to be repeated. But A Night at the Opera remains glorious, monumental. It is British rock's greatest extravagance." In 2007, Chris Jones of BBC Music noted the diverse range of musical styles on the album, saying, "Sheer Heart Attack had hinted at a working knowledge of 19th century parlour balladry, 20s ragtime and Jimi Hendrix. A Night at the Opera was to add opera, trad jazz, heavy metal and more to the mix." He concluded that the album "remains their finest hour".
In 2011, remastered versions of the earlier Queen albums were released, prompting another batch of reviews. Uncut said that the record "proved there was no limit to their capabilities" and concluded, "Containing not one but two monumental epics ('Bohemian Rhapsody', 'The Prophet's Song'), and gorging on grandiose gestures galore, A Night at the Opera secured itself instant classic status". Pitchfork's Dominique Leone stated, "No punches pulled, no expense spared: A Night at the Opera was Queen at the top of the mountain". AJ Ramirez of PopMatters wrote, "Kicking off with the downright ominous high-drama of 'Death on Two Legs' (a retort against the group's recently deposed management where Mercury spits out venomous invectives at the targets of his ire), the album gives way to a kaleidoscope of styles, from 1920 jazz to space-folk narratives to top-of-the-line contemporary pop-rock. Amazingly, while the transitions between genres would conceivably throw listeners for a loop, none are jarring. Instead, Queen succeeds because it pulls from all the best tricks in the library of showbiz history to deliver laughs, heartache, grandeur, and spectacle to its audience at precisely the right moments." He observed that "it's the realization of such a unique sonic vision that pushes [the album] into the realm of true excellence ... A Night at the Opera stands as a breathtaking, involving creation, and unequivocally Queen's finest album."
In 1977 "Bohemian Rhapsody" received two Grammy Award nominations for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus and Best Arrangement for Voices.
|1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||US||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||2005||*|
|ABC||AUS||Poll: Top 100 Albums||2007||28|
|BBC||UK||Poll: Top 100 Albums||2006||9|
|Channel 4||UK||Poll: Greatest 100 Albums||2005||13|
|Classic Rock||UK||The 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever||2001||25|
|The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever||2006||17|
|The 200 Greatest Albums of the 70's (20 greatest of 1975)||2006||*|
|The 50 Best Rock Albums Ever||2018||6|
|Kerrang!||UK||Poll: The 100 Best British Rock Albums Ever||2005||19|
|NME||UK||Poll: Greatest 100 Albums of All Time||2006||19|
|Q||UK||The 50 Best British Albums Ever||2004||17|
|Rolling Stone||MX||Poll: The 100 Greatest Albums of All Time||2004||11|
|US||Poll: Readers' Top 100 Albums||2002||82|
|US||The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time||2003||231|
|Virgin||UK||Poll: All Time Top 1000 Albums||1998||87|
(*) designates unordered lists.
|“||I did discipline myself... Take vocals, because they're my forté – especially harmonies and those kind of things. On Queen II we've gone berserk. But on this album I consciously restricted myself. That's brought the songwriting side of it across, and I think those are some of the strongest songs we've ever written.||”|
|— Freddie Mercury|
|“||It has a couple of the heaviest things we've ever done and probably some of the lightest things as well. It's probably closer to Sheer Heart Attack than the others in that it does dart around and create lots of different moods, but we worked on it in the same way we worked on Queen II. A lot of it is very intense and very ... layered.||”|
|— Brian May|
All lead vocals by Freddie Mercury unless noted.
|1.||"Death on Two Legs (Dedicated to...)"||Freddie Mercury||3:43|
|2.||"Lazing on a Sunday Afternoon"||Mercury||1:08|
|3.||"I'm in Love with My Car"||Roger Taylor||Roger Taylor||3:05|
|4.||"You're My Best Friend"||John Deacon||2:50|
|5.||"'39"||Brian May||Brian May||3:30|
|1.||"The Prophet's Song"||May||8:21|
|2.||"Love of My Life"||Mercury||3:38|
|5.||"God Save the Queen" (instrumental)||Traditional, arr. May||1:11|
|Bonus tracks (1991 Hollywood Records reissue)|
|13.||"I'm in Love with My Car" (1991 bonus remix)||3:28|
|14.||"You're My Best Friend" (1991 bonus remix)||2:54|
|Bonus EP (2011 Universal Music reissue)|
|1.||"Keep Yourself Alive" (long-lost retake, June 1975)||May||4:05|
|2.||"Bohemian Rhapsody" (operatic section a cappella mix 2011)||Mercury||1:05|
|3.||"You're My Best Friend" (backing track mix 2011)||Deacon||2:58|
|4.||"I'm in Love with My Car" (guitar & vocal mix 2011)||Taylor||3:21|
|5.||"'39" (live at Earl's Court, June 1977)||May||3:47|
|6.||"Love of My Life" (South American live single, June 1979; somewhat misleading credit, as this single from Live Killers, recorded at Festhalle Frankfurt on 2 February 1979, topped the South American charts over a year after Queen played there in 1981)||Mercury||3:44|
|Bonus videos (2011 iTunes deluxe edition)|
|7.||"Bohemian Rhapsody" (no flames original version)|
|8.||"Seaside Rendezvous" (30th anniversary 2005)|
|9.||"Love of My Life" (live at Milton Keynes '82)|
Track numbering refers to CD and digital releases of the album.
- Freddie Mercury – lead vocals (1, 2, 4, 6–9, 11), backing vocals (1–9, 11), piano (1–3, 7, 9, 11)
- Brian May – electric guitar (all but 7), backing vocals (1, 3–6, 8, 10, 11), acoustic guitar (5, 8, 9), lead vocals (5, 10), koto (8), harp (9), ukulele (10)
- Roger Taylor – drums (1–4, 6–8, 10–12), backing vocals (1, 3–8, 11), percussion (2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12), lead vocals (3), electric guitar (3)
- John Deacon – bass guitar (1–4, 6–11), electric piano (4), double bass (1, 5)
- Roy Thomas Baker – production
- Mike Stone – engineering
- Gary Lyons – engineering
- John Harris – equipment supervision
- David Costa – art direction
- Ric Curtin and Brian Palmer – special thanks
- John Reid – management
Weekly charts (reissues)
Hollywood Records release
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||25,000*|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Japan (Oricon Charts)||—||150,000|
2008 Agora SA album reissue
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||3× Platinum||3,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. Billboard Books
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
- Sheer Heart Attack & Killer Queen – Days Of Our Lives Documentary Queen Official. Retrieved 15 September 2018. -via YouTube
- Jones 2012, p. 129.
- Hodkinson 2004, p. 239.
- The Millionaire Waltz by Queen Songfacts Songfacts. Retrieved 15 September 2018
- Hodkinson, Mark (2009). "Queen: The Early Years". p.166
- Purvis, George (2007). Queen: Complete Works. London: Titan Group Publishing. p. 44. ISBN 9780857685513.
- Mercury Rising: The Queen Interview Sounds. John Ingham. Retrieved 28 September 2018
- Cunningham, Mark (October 1995). "An Invitation to the Opera". Sound on Sound. Archived from the original on 11 April 2004. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- Gary Langan recalls working as a sound engineer on Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody and sharing the studio with rock legends The Sun. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- The 10 Most Expensive Rock Albums Ever Made Loudersound. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2018
- A Night At The Opera This Day in Music.com. Retrieved 7 November 2018
- Queen:Sheer Heart Attack – Behind The Albums uDiscoverMusic. Max Bell. July 12, 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2018
- Salter, Jessica (26 February 2011). "Roger Taylor remembers rehearsing with Queen in 1975". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- Queen:A Night At The Opera – Behind The Albums uDiscoverMusic. Bell, Max. Retrieved 28 September 2018
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Queen: 20 Things You Probably Never Knew About 'Bohemian Rahpsody' NME. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2018
- Every song on Queen's A Night At The Opera, ranked from worst to best Loudersound. "Brian May has always been a one-man guitar orchestra, and rarely more so on this homage to Dixieland jazz, in which he sang a charming When I'm 64-style lyric while his guitar mimicked a ukulele-banjo and a clarinet." Mark Blake. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". AllMusic.
- Perone, James E., ed. (2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. Praeger Publishers Inc. ISBN 978-0-313-37906-2.
the album includes integrations of progressive rock, pop, and heavy metal
- Jones, Chris (2007). "Review: Queen – A Night at the Opera". BBC Music. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo (21 November 2015). "Revisiting Queen's Masterpiece, 'A Night at the Opera'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Queen – Queen II". AllMusic. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Ramirez, AJ (8 June 2011). "In the Lap of the Gods: The First Five Queen Albums". PopMatters. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Queen – Sheer Heart Attack". AllMusic. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Elen, Richard (30 April 2002). "Queen – A Night at the Opera". Audio Video Revolution. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- "Queen – A Night At The Opera". Winnipeg Free Press. 24 January 1976. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Sheffield, Norman (2013). Life on Two Legs: Set the Record Straight. Trident Publishing. ISBN 978-0-95751-331-0.
- Sheffield (2013). p. 239.
- 03-17-1977 Circus Magazine.
- Classic Albums, "A Night at the Opera", VH1
- I'm In Love With My Car UltimateQueen Retrieved 27 August 2011
- Blake, Mark (25 November 2013). "Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen". Da Capo Press – via Google Books.
- nelson vladimir martinez sustayta (6 December 2012). "Queen 39' Live At Earls Court 1977 HD" – via YouTube.
- Brian May. "Queen Legends".
- Jones, Lesley-Ann (2011). Freddie Mercury. London: Hodder & Stoughton. p. 334. ISBN 978-1-44473-368-6.
- A Night At The Opera Archived 10 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine QueenZone.com Retrieved 6 July 2011
- "Queen + Adam Lambert Set List: Calgary, Saddledome". Queen Online. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Queen + Paul Rodgers Live In The Ukraine". Youtube. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- Queen – A Night At The Opera Retrieved 4 August 2011
- Jones, Lesley-Ann (2012). Freddie Mercury. London: Hodder & Stoughton. p. 142. ISBN 9781444733679.
- Chiu, David (27 December 2005). "Unconventional Queen Hit Still Rocks After 30 Years". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Fire at Palace doesn't stop pop party". BBC News. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "The Story of Bohemian Rhapsody", BBC, dir. Carl Johnston, First broadcast 4 December 2004
- David R. Fuller (7 January 2010). "Roger Taylor Interview 1976" – via YouTube.
- Queen:A Day at the Races – Behind The Albums uDiscoverMusic. 18 July 2017. Bell, Max. Retrieved 27 September 2018
- Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.96. Voyageur Press, 2009
- "Queen – A Day At The Races". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- "Bohemian rhapsody celebrates 40 YEARS: 19 things you didn't know about the queen anthem". Express Online. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- "Every Official Christmas Number 1 ever". Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- Hodkinson, Mark (2004). Queen: The Early Years. Music Sales Ltd. ISBN 1-84449-012-2.
- Bohemian Rhapsody Gold & Platinum Searchable Database. Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 20 November 2018
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits: Eighth Edition. Record Research. p. 513.
- "you%27re+my+best+friend | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- John Ingham. "A Riot At The Opera: Queen Triumphant". Sounds. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- "QuadraphonicQuad – DVD-Audio Titles of Note".
- "Queen catalog complete on SHM-SACD". PS3SACD.com. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- Kot, Greg (19 April 1992). "An 18-record, 80 Million-copy Odyssey". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: Q". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved 10 March 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. p. 2248. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Graff, Gary (1996). "Queen". MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 0-7876-1037-2.
- Leone, Dominique (24 March 2011). "Queen: Reissues Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Rees, Paul (February 2006). "Royal Flush". Q. No. 235. p. 108.
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 668. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.
- Cavanagh, David (March 2011). "Queen – The First Five Albums". Uncut. p. 96. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Fox-Cumming, Ray (15 November 1975). "Queen's Operatic Outing". Record Mirror & Disc. p. 40.
- Nicholson, Kris (8 April 1976). "Queen: A Night at the Opera". Rolling Stone. No. 210. pp. 76–77.
- Christgau, Robert (1 March 1976). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Lambe, Stephen (2013). Citizens of Hope and Glory: The Story of Progressive Rock (2nd ed.). The Hill, Stroud: Amberley Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-4456-0737-5. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Review: A Night at the Opera". Mojo: 27. July 2002. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Jason Warburg (14 October 2004). "A Night at the Opera". Daily Vault. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- "Queen – Artist – Grammy.com". Grammy Awards database search. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
- "Rocklist.net...Steve Parker...1001 Albums."
- The Top 100 Archived 5 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine ABC poll
- Top 100 Albums. BBC Radio 2. Broadcast 28 August 2006. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
- "100 Greatest Albums". Channel 4. Retrieved 21 November 2006.. Archived at besteveralbums.com
- The 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever. Classic Rock. December 2001. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
- "Rocklist.net...Steve Parker...More Classic Rock Lists."
- Classic Rock/Metal Hammer, "The 200 Greatest Albums of the 70s", March 2006
- "The 50 Best Rock Albums Ever".
- The 100 Best British Rock Albums Ever!. Kerrang!. 19 February 2005. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
- "Oasis album voted greatest of all time". The Times. 1 June 2006
- "Q – 5o best British albums ever! (july 2003)".
- Rolling Stone (Mexico), "The 100 Greatest Albums of All Time", December 2004
- "Readers' Top 100 Albums". Rolling Stone. Issue 907 (17 October 2002). Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
- Maung, Carole Aye. "Beatles albums are top 3 of all time". Daily Mirror. 7 September 1998. Retrieved 23 August 2010. Archived at TheFreeLibrary.com.
- "Jonh Ingham shares an Egg burger with Queen's Brian May". Sounds. 27 September 1975. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- Kent, David (1993) (doc). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "Results – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste". Infodisc. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- "charts.de". charts.de. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "a-クイーン" [Yamachan Land (Japanese Chart Archives) – Albums Chart Daijiten – Queen] (in Japanese). Original Confidence. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". charts.org.nz. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "Queen – A Night at the Opera". Chart Stats. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "allmusic ((( A Night at the Opera > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "クイーン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック" [Highest position and charting weeks of A Night at the Opera (2005 remaster) by Queen]. oricon.co.jp (in Japanese). Oricon Style. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Steffen Hung. "Queen – A Night at the Opera". portuguesecharts.com. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- "Simon & Garfunkel – Bridge Over Troubled Water (40th Anniversary Edition)" (ASP). spanishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "ultratop.be Queen – A Night at the Opera" (ASP). Hung Medien (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "ultratop.be Queen – A Night at the Opera" (ASP). Hung Medien (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "クイーン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック" [Highest position and charting weeks of A Night at the Opera (2011 remaster) by Queen]. oricon.co.jp (in Japanese). Oricon Style. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "Chart Stats – Album chart for 26/03/2011". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1976". RPM. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Les Albums (CD) de 1976 par InfoDisc" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original (PHP) on 21 May 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- 1976年アルバム年間ヒットチャート [Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1976] (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Archived from the original on 19 May 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "Top Pop Albums of 1976". billboard.biz. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Discos de oro y platino" (in Spanish). Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Austrian album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Queen in the field Interpret. Enter A Night at the Opera in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen.
- "Canadian album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera". Music Canada.
- "Queen" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Queen; 'A Night at the Opera')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Italian album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 25 March 2019. Select "2019" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "A Night at the Opera" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "Polish album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry.
- "British album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type A Night at the Opera in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Queen – A Night at the Opera". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- Queen official website: Discography: A Night at the Opera: includes lyrics of all non-bonus tracks.
- A Night at the Opera at Discogs (list of releases)