Aamjiwnaang First Nation

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Sarnia 45
Sarnia Indian Reserve No. 45
Sarnia 45 is located in Southern Ontario
Sarnia 45
Sarnia 45
Coordinates: 42°55.5′N 82°24′W / 42.9250°N 82.400°W / 42.9250; -82.400Coordinates: 42°55.5′N 82°24′W / 42.9250°N 82.400°W / 42.9250; -82.400
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyLambton
First NationAamjiwnaang
Government
 • ChiefChristopher Plain
 • Federal ridingSarnia—Lambton
 • Prov. ridingSarnia—Lambton
Area
 • Land12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total639
 • Density50.8/km2 (132/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
N7T
Area code(s)519 and 226
Websitewww.aamjiwnaang.ca

The Aamjiwnaang First Nation (or also known as Chippewas of Sarnia First Nation) is an Ojibwe First Nation band government in southwestern Ontario, Canada. They reside on the Sarnia 45 Indian Reserve, located on the shores of the St. Clair River directly south of Sarnia across from the United States border from Port Huron, Michigan.[2]

The name Aamjiwnaang, or more fully vocalised as Aamijiwanaang, means "at the spawning stream."

The Aamjiwnaang community has expressed concern regarding its proximity to petrochemical, polymer, and chemical plants in the area, as birth rates of their people have been documented by the American journal Environmental Health Perspectives as deviating from the normal ratio of close to 50% boys, 50% girls.[3] The ratio as found between 1999 and 2003 by the journal was roughly 33% boys, and 67% girls.[4] The First Nation is concerned that this abnormal trend is due to adverse effects of maternal and fetal exposure to the effluent and emissions of the nearby chemical plants. This is the first community in the world to have a birth rate of two girls to every boy.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Sarnia 45 community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 639 (-0.2% from 2011) 640 (-9.3% from 2006) 706 (1.6% from 2001)
Land area: 12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi) 12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi) 12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
Population density: 50.8/km2 (132/sq mi) 50.9/km2 (132/sq mi) 56.2/km2 (146/sq mi)
Median age: 38.0 (M: 36.7, F: 39.3) 32.8 (M: 30.9, F: 36.1)
Total private dwellings: 255 254 253
Median household income:
References: 2016[5] 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]

Population trend:[9][1]

  • Population in 2016: 639
  • Population in 2011: 640
  • Population in 2006: 706
  • Population in 2001: 695
  • Population in 1996: 621
  • Population in 1991: 494

Prominent members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Sarnia 45, Indian reserve (Census subdivision), Ontario and Lambton, County (Census division), Ontario". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  2. ^ M. Crenson (2005). "Natives see son shortage in 'Chemical Valley'". Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  3. ^ C. A. Mackenzie; A. Lockridge & M. Keith (2005). "Declining Sex Ratio in a First Nation Community". Environmental Health Perspectives. 113 (10): 1295–8. doi:10.1289/ehp.8479. PMC 1281269. PMID 16203237.
  4. ^ "Aamjiwnaang First Nations concerned about chemical exposure". CBC News. 2005-09-02. Archived from the original on 2010-05-02. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  5. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-24.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  10. ^ "History - Aamjiwnaang First Nation". Retrieved 9 July 2017.

External links[edit]