Aaron Burr Sr.
Aaron Burr Sr.
|2nd President of Princeton University|
|Preceded by||Jonathan Dickinson|
|Succeeded by||Jonathan Edwards|
|Born||January 4, 1716|
Fairfield, Connecticut Colony
|Died||September 24, 1757 (aged 41)|
Princeton, Province of New Jersey
Aaron Burr Jr.
|Parents||Daniel and Elizabeth Burr|
Aaron Burr Sr. (January 4, 1716 – September 24, 1757) was a notable Presbyterian minister and college educator in colonial America. He was a founder of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) and the father of Aaron Burr (1756–1836), the third Vice President of the United States.
A native of Connecticut, Burr was born in 1716 in present-day Fairfield to Daniel and Elizabeth Burr; his father was a wealthy farmer. He was of English ancestry (his grandfather Jehu Burr had been born in Lavenham, Suffolk, England, in 1625, settled in the Connecticut Colony as a young man, and died there in 1692).
Aaron Burr attended Yale College (now Yale University), where he obtained a B.A. in 1735. After graduation, he studied theology in New Haven and witnessed the First Great Awakening, a significant religious and spiritual movement of the 1730s and 1740s. He was personally acquainted with Jonathan Edwards and his wife Sarah, daughter of James Pierpont, who is credited with founding Yale. Edwards, a leader of the Great Awakening, was Burr's mentor.
On December 21, 1736, Burr a became minister of the Presbyterian Church of Newark, Newark, New Jersey. He also taught Greek and Latin to youth, and co-authored Introduction to the Latin Tongue. After a few years, Burr rose to prominence in the Presbyterian circles of upper New Jersey and the New York City area.
In 1741–1758, a controversy over unorthodox piety fostered by the Great Awakening and how it affected traditional authority of church officers led to internal differences in the Presbyterian and Congregational churches. Presbyterians became divided between the so-called conservative Old Side and dissenting, pro-Awakening New Side congregationalists—between Old and New Lights. The rift affected the faculty and student body at Yale that was at the time an incubator for both Presbyterian and Congregational clergy. In opposition to Thomas Clap, Yale's first president, Jonathan Edwards, Burr, and Jonathan Dickinson, all being on the pro-Awakening side, founded the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) at Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1746.
Dickinson was elected first president of the College, but died soon after in 1747. Burr, who taught at the College, then became the second president on November 9, 1748 after approval of the college charter by New Jersey governor Jonathan Belcher. During his tenure (1748–1757), the curriculum was settled, the student body increased from 8 in 1747 to 40–50 in 1751, and the first commencement was held. Among the first graduates was Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence; five others became Presbyterian ministers. Burr moved the College to its permanent home at Princeton, New Jersey, where he supervised the construction of Nassau Hall, Princeton's best-known structure and the largest building in colonial New Jersey when it was completed in 1756. In 1755, Burr was relieved of his pastoral duties in order to concentrate full-time on his work at Princeton. At age 32, he became the youngest person ever to serve as president of Princeton.
In September 1756, when the French and Indian War was underway, Burr wrote a sermon in which he called to defend the "Priviledges [sic] of unadulterated Christianity; British Liberty and Property, in a delightful and fruitful Country" foretelling future fusion of secular and religious rhetoric in the Revolutionary era.
- Sarah "Sally" Burr (1754–1797), who married Tapping Reeve (1744–1823)
- Aaron Burr Jr. (1756–1836), who married Theodosia Bartow Prevost (1746–1794) in 1782. After her death in 1794, he married Eliza Jumel (1775–1865) in 1833.
In the fall of 1757, Burr died in his first year in Princeton of fever after traveling to Massachusetts to Governor Belcher's funeral where he delivered a sermon; it was believed that his premature death had been brought on or aggravated by overwork. His remains were interred in the President's Lot at Princeton Cemetery. His widow died seven months later, orphaning their three-year-old daughter and two-year-old son.:5
His grandchildren include Aaron Burr Reeve (1780–1809), who died shortly after the birth of his only child, Tapping Burr Reeve (1809–1829), and Theodosia Burr (1783–1813). Theodosia was married to Joseph Alston (1779–1816), who served as the 44th Governor of South Carolina from 1812 to 1814.
- Burr, Aaron. Sermon at the Ordination of David Bostwick. New York, 1745.
- Burr, Aaron. A Discourse Delivered at New-Ark in New Jersey, January 1, 1755. New York, 1755.
- Burr, Aaron. The Watchman's Answer to the Question, What of the Night, & C: A Sermon Preached Before the Synod of New York, Convened at Newark in New Jersey, September 30, 1756. Boston, 1757.
- Burr, Aaron. The Supreme Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ, Maintained. Boston, 1757.
- Burr, Aaron. A Funeral Sermon, Preached at the Interment of Jonathan Belcher, Esg. New York, 1757.
- Ross, Robert, Aaron Burr, and Samuel Finley. The American Latin Grammar: Or, a Compleat Introduction to the Latin Tongue: Formed from the Most Approved Writings in This Kind ; As Those of Lilly, Ruddiman, Phillipps, Holmes, Bp. Wettenhall, Cheever, Clarke, Reed, &c. Springfield, Mass.: Printed by Edward Gray, 1793.
- Trinterud, Leonard J. The Forming of an American Tradition: A Re-Examination of Colonial Presbyterianism. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1949.
- D. G. Hart and John R. Muether. Turning Points in American Presbyterian History: Old Side versus New Side, 1741–1758.
- "The Presidents of Princeton University: Aaron Burr Sr., 1748–57". The Trustees of Princeton University.
- Burr, Aaron. The Watchman's Answer to the Question, What of the Night, & C: A Sermon Preached Before the Synod of New York, Convened at Newark in New Jersey, September 30, 1756. Boston: New-York, printed, 1757.
- Mark A. Noll. Burr, Aaron, American National Biography Online. February 2000. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- Isenberg, Nancy (2007). Fallen Founder: The Life of Aaron Burr. New York: Viking Penguin.
- "Reeve Family Papers, 1767–1866". www.fairfieldhistory.org. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Litchfield Ledger – Student". www.litchfieldhistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- Commire, Anne, ed. (2002). "Burr, Theodosia (1783–1813)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia (Vol. 3). Detroit: Yorkin Publications. pp. 232–33.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aaron Burr Sr..|
- Photographic tour of Aaron Burr's grave at Princeton Cemetery.
- Biography of Burr Sr. at Princeton University
| President of the College of New Jersey