Abdullah ibn Mubarak

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ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Mubārak (118/726-797 AH/CE; Arabic: عبد الله بن المبارك) [1] was born during the reign of Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik. ‘Abdullah ibn Mubarak was an early, pious Muslim known for his memory and zeal for knowledge, collected hadīth (muhaddith), and was remembered for his asceticism.[2] He earned the title Amir al-Mu'minin fi al-Hadith. His father, named Mubarak, was Turkmanish from Khurasan and became a client (mawālī) of an Arab trader from the tribe of Banī Hanẓala in the city of Hamadhān, and his mother was said to have been from Khwārizm.[3] Mubarak later married Hind, the trader's daughter.[3] It is said that ‘Abdullah ibn Mubarak left his hometown of Merv, and while living in Hamadhān, went on to visit and speak often in Baghdād.[2] Imam Ahmad said about Abdullah ibn Mubarak that there was no one more eager to travel for seeking knowledge than him. His teachers included Sufyān al-Thawrī and Abū Hanīfa.[4] He wrote Kitāb al-Jihād, a collection of hadīth and sayings of the early Muslims on war, and Kitāb al-Zuhd wa al-Rāqa’iq, a book on asceticism. He was also known for defending Islamic borders (see Ribat) on the frontiers of Tarsus and al-Massisah, and later died at Hīt, near the Euphrates, in the year 797 CE.[4][5]

Works[edit]

Described as a prolific writer,[6] his works, in majority lost, include:

  • Kitab al-Arba'een – آﺘبﺎ اﻷرﺑﻌﻴﻦ
  • Kitab al-Jihad – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺠﻬدﺎ
  • Kitab al-Isti'dhan – آﺘبﺎ اﻻﺳﺘﺌﺬنا
  • Kitab al-Birr & al-Silah – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺮﺒ واﻟﺼﺔﻠ (Book on the virtues of piety, etiquettes and keeping ties)
  • Kitab al-Tarikh – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ (Book on History)
  • Kitab al-Daqa'iq fi al-Raqa'iq – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺮﻗﺎﺋﻖ ﻲﻓ اﻟﺮﻗﺎﺋﻖ (Book on the heart-softeners)
  • Kitab Riqa' al-Fatawa – آﺘبﺎ رﻗعﺎ اﻟﻔﺘﺎوى (Book on Islamic verdicts)
  • Kitab al-Zuhd & al-Raqa'iq – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺰهﺪ واﻟﺮﻗﺎﻖﺋ
  • Kitab al-Sunan fil-Fiqh – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﻲﻓ اﻟﻔﻘﻪ
  • Kitab al-Musnad – آﺘبﺎ اﻟﻤﺴﺪﻨ
  • Kitab Tafsir al-Qur'an – آﺘبﺎ تفسير القرآن

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Hajr, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib (5/386).
  2. ^ a b Abu Nu'aym. Ḥilyat al-Awliyā’. p. v. 11 p. 389.
  3. ^ a b Abu Nu'aym. Ḥilyat al-Awliyā’. p. v. 11 p. 390.
  4. ^ a b Robson, J. Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Brill. p. Ibn al- Mubārak.
  5. ^ SALEM, FERYAL E. (2013). ‘ABD ALLĀH B. AL-MUBĀRAK BETWEEN ḤADĪTH, JIHĀD, AND ZUHD: AN EXPRESSION OF EARLY SUNNI IDENTITY IN THE FORMATIVE PERIOD. University of Chicago: Dissertation.
  6. ^ Alexander Knysh, Islamic Mysticism: A Short History, BRILL (2015), p. 21