Abitibi River

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Abitibi River
Abitibi River.JPG
Abitibi River at Iroquois Falls
Abitibi River is located in Ontario
Abitibi River
Location of the mouth of the Abitibi River in Ontario
EtymologyAlgonquin language
RegionCochrane District
Physical characteristics
SourceLake Abitibi
 - location38 km east of Iroquois Falls
 - coordinates48°47′06″N 80°10′23″W / 48.78500°N 80.17306°W / 48.78500; -80.17306
MouthMoose River
 - location
30 km SSW from Moosonee
 - coordinates
51°04′17″N 80°55′32″W / 51.07139°N 80.92556°W / 51.07139; -80.92556Coordinates: 51°04′17″N 80°55′32″W / 51.07139°N 80.92556°W / 51.07139; -80.92556
Length540 m (1,770 ft)to head of Lac Loïs [1]
Basin size29,500 km2 (11,400 sq mi)[1]
Basin features
 - leftBlack River, Frederick House River, North Driftwood River
 - rightSucker River, Little Abitibi River

The Abitibi River is a river in northeastern Ontario, Canada, which flows northwest from Lake Abitibi to join the Moose River which empties into James Bay. This river is 540 kilometres (340 mi) long, and descends 265 metres (869 ft).[2]

The river was an important fur trading route for the Hudson's Bay Company. Now,[when?] pulp and paper, centered on the town of Iroquois Falls, Ontario, is an important industry in the heavily forested region through which it flows.[2] The region also supports tourism and gold mining.[2]

The Abitibi Canyon Generating Station is located on the river at Abitibi Canyon. The experience of surveying the river for the purposes of building this plant was the inspiration for folk singer Wade Hemsworth's "The Black Fly Song".

The name is from the Algonquin words abitah, meaning middle and nipi meaning water.[2]


Downstream course[edit]

Otter Rapids Dam as seen from the ONR railway.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Atlas of Canada Archived 2007-04-04 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abitibi River". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.