Advice and Reform Committee
The Advice and Reform Committee or Advice and Reformation Committee (ARC) (Arabic: هيئة النصيحة والاصلاح) was the London office of what is now called al-Qaeda from 1994 until the arrest of Khalid al-Fawwaz in 1998. The indictment of Osama bin Laden, al-Fawwaz, and 19 others reads in part
On or about July 11, 1994, the defendant OSAMA BIN LADEN created the London office of al Qaeda, naming it the “Advice and Reformation Committee” and placing the defendant KHALID AL FAWWAZ in charge;
and in part
In or about 1994, the defendant OSAMA BIN LADEN, working together with KHALID AL FAWWAZ, a/k/a “Khaled Abdul Rahman Hamad al Fawwaz,” a/k/a “Abu Omar," a/k/a “Hamad,” set up a media information office in London, England (hereafter the “London office”), which was designed both to publicize the statements of OSAMA BIN LADEN and to provide a cover for activity in support of al Qaeda’s “military” activities, including the recruitment of military trainees, the disbursement of funds and the procurement of necessary equipment (including satellite telephones) and necessary services. In addition, the London office served as a conduit for messages, including reports on military and security matters from various al Qaeda cells, including the Kenyan cell, to al Qaeda’s headquarters.
According to Ahmad Thomson, a London-based attorney testifying for the defense at the trial of Khaled al-Fawwaz, the Advice and Reform Committee was designed to promote “peaceful and constructive reform” in Saudi Arabia. However, prosecutors described the organization as an Al Qaeda front.
- Curtis, Mark (March 2012). "Britain, Qadafi and the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group". Secret Affairs: Britain's Collusion with Radical Islam (2nd Revised ed.). Serpent’s Tail. ISBN 1-84668-763-2.
- Copy of indictment Archived 2001-11-10 at the Library of Congress Web Archives USA v. Osama bin Laden et al., Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies
- Hong, Nicole (19 February 2015). "Deliberations to Begin in Trial Over 1998 U.S. Embassy Bombings". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 June 2016.