Afghan units of measurement

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A variety of units of measurement have been used in Afghanistan to measure length, mass and capacity. Those units were similar to Iranian, Arabian and Indian units.[1] In 1926, Afghanistan has been adopted to metric system.[2]

Pre-metric Units[edit]

Units similar to those used in Persia, Arabia and India, were used in Afghanistan before 1926. One notable unit used to measure length was the goes, which was equal t 1.16 m (45.67 in).[1]

Narcotics Units[edit]

Narcotics units used in Afghanistan include:[3]

1 Ser = 7 kg (Ser-i-Kabuli) or 14 kg (Ser-i-Mazar - in Mazare Sharif)

1 Kharwar = 80 Ser - 560 kg

1 Khaltar = approximately 7 kg

1 Maan = 4.5 kg (usually for narcotics weight (cannabis, opium and heroin)

1 mon (used in Quetta) = 50 kg 1 Puri = equivalent to just under 1 kg

1 Tulee = typically user's amount of opium, which is a hearty amount of opium to be smoked in a day (This is roughly one AK-47(7.62 × 39 mm) bullet or 10 g. Some Tulee may be up to 30 g.)

1 ha = 5 jerib; 1 jerib = 2000 m2 (land measurement)

1 Biswa = ​120 jerib = 100 m2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clarke, F.W. (1891). Weights Measures and Money of All Nations. New York: D. Appleton & Company. p. 10.
  2. ^ Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
  3. ^ DuPee, M.C. (2009), Afghan Narcotics Terms and Phrases (PDF), Naval Postgraduate School/Program for Culture and Conflict Studies