Ahmad Nami

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ahmed Nami
أحمد نامي
Sy nami.png
5th Prime Minister of Syria and 2nd President of Syria
In office
28 April 1926 – 15 February 1928
Preceded bySuphi Bereket
Succeeded byTaj al-Din al-Hasani
Personal details
Born
Ahmed Nami

11 May 1879
Beirut, Beirut Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died13 December 1963 (aged 84)
Beirut, Lebanon
Political partyIndependent

"Al-Damad" Ahmad Nami or "Damat" Ahmet Nami (Arabic: أحمد نامي‎) (11 May 1879 – 13 December 1962[1]) was an Ottoman prince (damat), the 5th Prime Minister of Syria and 2nd President of Syria (1926–28), and a lecturer of History and Politics.

Early life[edit]

Ahmad Nami was born on 11 May 1879 in Beirut to an affluent family related to the Ottoman dynasty. He was of Turkish and Circassian origin who could hardly speak the Arabic language.[2] Nami studied in the Ottoman Military Academy and received military training in Paris. He married Ayşe Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Abdul Hamid II in 1910. By 1909 the family were forced into exile in France when Nami's father-in-law, the Sultan, was overthrown from his throne by the Young Turks. Nami moved back to Beirut in 1918 where he administered his family’s enterprises.[3]

On July 1920 the French officers in the region delegated Nami to form a government in Syria and gave him limited presidential powers. By April 26, 1926, Nami created his official cabinet and appointed Husni al-Barazi as Minister of Interior, Faris al-Khury as Minister of Education, and Lutfi al-Haffar as Minister of Commerce. However, in June 1926 the ministers all resigned from their posts to protest the French policies toward their nationalist movement; they were then arrested by the French High Commissioner of the Levant Henry de Jouvenel. Nami sought to secure their release but was threatened by imprisonment, causing him to replace his cabinet with three pro-French politicians.[3]

Nami worked relentlessly against the establishment of a separate Lebanon and promoted the historical boundaries to preserve Syrian unity (Greater Syria). He also sought to have a national army and requested entry into the League of Nations. Moreover, he demanded that the French compensate citizens whose homes had been destroyed during the Great Syrian Revolt of 1925-27, and also asked for a general amnesty to permit the return of Syrian exiles.[3] However, the authorities in Paris objected to Nami’s ambitions and accused him of establishing a monarchy. Consequently, he was removed him from office on February 8, 1928.[4]

In 1932 the French reconsidered creating a throne in Syria and appointing Nami as the King, though this plan never came to light. He was then considered a possible candidate for presidential office in 1940. However, the National Bloc objected to his leadership.[4]

Retirement[edit]

Nami retired from public life and moved to Lebanon in the 1940s. He occasionally travelled to France as a visiting lecturer on history and politics at the Sorbonne University.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Nami had two sons from his marriage with the Ottoman princess Ayşe Sultan: Ömer Nami Osmanoğlu and Osman Nami Osmanoğlu.

He died on 13 December 1962.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.rulers.org/indexn1.html
  2. ^ Mardam Bey, Salma (1997). Syria's Quest for Independence. Ithaca Press. p. 31. ISBN 0863721753. Al-Damad was a man of Turkish origin, who could hardly speak Arabic...
  3. ^ a b c Moubayed, Sami M. (2006). "Nami, Ahmad (1879-1960)". Steel & Silk: Men and Women Who Shaped Syria 1900-2000. Cune Press. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-885942-40-1.
  4. ^ a b c d Moubayed,2006 p,299