Location of the county (red) within Kizilsu Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County seat||Akqi Town|
|• Total||11,545 km2 (4,458 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Akqi County (also as Aheqi County; Chinese: 阿合奇县; pinyin: Āhéqí Xiàn) is a county in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. It is under the administration of the Kyrgyz autonomous prefecture of Kizilsu. The county has a town and 5 townships, 6 communities and 25 villages under its jurisdiction in 2018, its county seat is Akqi Town (阿合奇镇). The county has a population of about 46,000 (as of 2019) with main nationalities of Kyrgyz, Han and Uyghur peoples.
The name of Akqi was from the Kyrgyz language, meaning white achnatherum calamagrostis (白芨芨草). The Administrative Division of Akqi (阿合奇设治局) was first established, it was named after its seat located in the Village of Akqi (阿合奇村). The county of Akqi is located in alpine areas of the southern hinterland in western Tianshan. Its altitude is between 1,730–5,958 m (5,676–19,547 ft), with a terrain characteristics of the "two mountains and one valley", its whole territory is in a mountain valley area, of which, highland accounts for 90 percent, farmland for 5 percent and water body for 5 percent.
The county covers an area of about 11,545 km2 (4,458 sq mi), it borders with Wushi County in the east, Keping County in the southeast, Bachu County and Atushi City in the south-west, the northern and western part of the county is adjacent to the Kyrgyz Republic with a border line of 305.3 km (189.7 mi). The county seat is 1,180 km (730 mi) away from the provincial capital Urumqi City by road.
The county of Akqi was part of the territory of Weitou State (尉头国), one of 36 States of the Western Regions (西域三十六国), and part of Protectorate of the Western Regions (59 BC) in the Han period. It was part of Weitou Prefecture (尉头州) in Kucha Commandery (龟兹都督府) in the Tang period, and part of Wushi County in the Qing period.
The Administrative Division of Akqi (阿合奇设治局) was first established from part of Wushi County in 1940, it was named after its seat located in the Village of Akqi (阿合奇村) in the present Karaqi Township (哈拉奇乡). In 1941, its seat was moved to Uq (吾曲), the present-day county seat of Akqi Town (阿合奇镇). The Administrative Division of Akqi was upgraded to be as a county in 1944. The county was under the administration of Aksu Prefecture in 1950, as a county, it was amalgamated to the newly formed Kyrgyz autonomous prefecture of Kizilsu in 1954.
The county of Akqi is high in the north and south, low in the middle, and tilted from west to east. Forming land features of terrain with two mountains and a valley, in the north, the Kuokexiale Maintain (阔克夏勒山) is a southern branch of Tianshan, with a maximum altitude of 5,958 m (19,547 ft). To the south is Galatieke Maintain (喀拉铁克山), with its maximum altitude of 4,981 m (16,342 ft). Between the two mountains is the Taushgan Valley (托什干河谷), from west to east through the middle of the county, 3,200–1,750 m (10,500–5,740 ft) above sea level. Agricultural oasis is mainly concentrated in the valley area, the mountain natural pastoral land accounts for 86% of the county area. The Taushgan River (托什干河) originates from Kyrgyz Republic and has 19 tributaries with a total runoff of 2.421 billion cubic metres in the county, such as Uzuntux River (乌宗图什河). The annual average temperature is 6.5 °C, the average temperature in January is -10 °C, and the average temperature in July is 18.8 °C. The average annual precipitation is 209.9 mm (8.26 in), with a frost-free period of 156 days.
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2015, There was a population of 44,656 in Akqi County, acounting for 7.49% of Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture's population. Of that, minority population of 40,121, acounting for 89.84%, and Han population of 4,535, acounting for 10.16%. The main minorities are Kyrgyz and Uyghur in the county. The Kyrgyz popolation was 38,765, acounting for 86.81%, and Uyghurs of 1,193, acounting for 2.67%. There were Hui people of 80, Kazakhs of 39 and others of 44.
The county was divided into a town and 5 townships, and 6 communities and 25 villages.
- Akqi Town (阿合奇镇) , 5 communities and 3 villages.
- Kulansarak Township (库兰萨日克乡), 5 villages;
- Saparbay Township (色帕巴依乡), 3 villages;
- Somtax Township (苏木塔什乡), 4 villages;
- Karaqi Township (哈拉奇乡), a community and 3 villages;
- Karabulak Township (哈拉布拉克乡), 7 villages.
- Kyrgyz Non-material Cultural Town of Akqi County: Located in the western section of Jolangqi New Town (佳朗奇新城), the Kyrgyz Non-material Cultural Town (柯尔克孜非遗小镇) is a Kyrgyz folk culture village with an area of 1.5 sq kilomiters, it is a destination for Kyrgyz folk culture, consisting of Manas culture, falcon culture, nomadism, kumz string instrument, Kyrgyz felt show and embroider. It is 7 kilometers away from the old town of Akqi.
- 阿合奇县行政简介. Aheqi.gov.cn. 2019-05-06. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
- 阿合奇县行政区划和居民地名称. Kizilsu.gov.cn. 2018-05-04. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
- 阿合奇县概况. Aheqi.gov.cn. 2019-04-17. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
- 2016年新疆统计年鉴. xingjiang.stats.gov.cn. 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
- 2018年阿合奇县行政区划代码. National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2018-10-31. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
- 阿合奇县柯尔克孜非遗小镇. Akqi.gov.cn. 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2019-08-10.