Aksu Prefecture

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Aksu Prefecture

ئاقسۇ ۋىلايىتى
Aksu Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Aksu Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Coordinates: 41°10′N 80°15′E / 41.167°N 80.250°E / 41.167; 80.250
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions8
SeatAksu City
 • Prefecture128,099 km2 (49,459 sq mi)
 • Urban
14,450 km2 (5,580 sq mi)
 • Metro
14,450 km2 (5,580 sq mi)
1,519 m (4,984 ft)
 (2015 Census)
 • Prefecture2,530,506
 • Density20/km2 (51/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density37/km2 (96/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)997
ISO 3166 codeCN-XJ-29
License Plate新N
WebsiteAksu Prefecture Government
Aksu Prefecture
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese阿克苏地区
Traditional Chinese阿克蘇地區
Uyghur name
Uyghurئاقسۇ ۋىلايىتى

Aksu Prefecture[3] is located in mid-western Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It has an area of 131,161 km2 (50,642 sq mi) and 2.37 million inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 535,657 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Aksu urban district.[4] The name Aksu is Turkic for 'white water'.


The prefecture occupies the northwestern part of the Tarim Basin and the southern slopes of the Tian Shan. The southern part of the prefecture is within the Taklamakan desert. Agriculture is only possible in the areas irrigated by the Tarim River and its glacier-fed tributaries, the Aksu River and the Muzart River.


Of its 2.53 million inhabitants, 80.1% are Uyghur, 18.42% are Han, with the remainder belonging to other ethnicities.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu, and 8 counties:

Aksu mcp.png
# Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Aksu 阿克苏市 Ākèsū Shì ئاقسۇ شەھىرى Aqsu Shehiri 535,657 13,647 39.25
2 Wensu County[3] 温宿县 Wēnsù Xiàn ئونسۇ ناھىيىسى Onsu Nahiyisi 233,933 14,376 16.27
3 Kuqa County 库车县 Kùchē Xiàn كۇچار ناھىيىسى Kuchar Nahiyisi 462,588 14,529 31.83
4 Xayar County 沙雅县 Shāyǎ Xiàn شايار ناھىيىسى Shayar Nahiyisi 257,502 31,887 8.07
5 Xinhe County[3] 新和县 Xīnhé Xiàn توقسۇ ناھىيىسى Toqsu Nahiyisi 172,064 5,831 29.50
6 Baicheng County[3] 拜城县 Bàichéng Xiàn باي ناھىيىس Bay Nahiyisi 229,252 15,917 14.40
7 Wushi County[3] 乌什县 Wūshí Xiàn ئۇچتۇرپان ناھىيىسى Uchturpan Nahiyisi 197,990 9,065 21.84
8 Awat County 阿瓦提县 Āwǎtí Xiàn ئاۋات ناھىيىسى Avat Nahiyisi 237,562 12,592 18.86
9 Kalpin County 柯坪县 Kēpíng Xiàn كەلپىن ناھىيىسى Kelpin Nahiyisi 44,261 8,915 4.96


  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ "China". Ethnologue.
  3. ^ a b c d e The official spelling according to Zhōngguó dìmínglù 中国地名录 (Beijing, SinoMaps Press 中国地图出版社 1997); ISBN 7-5031-1718-4
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2013-05-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 41°10′01″N 80°16′01″E / 41.167°N 80.267°E / 41.167; 80.267