Aleksandr Vitko

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Aleksandr Vitko
Aleksandr Vitko.jpg
BornVitebsk, Byelorussian SSR, USSR
Allegiance Russia
Service/branchEmblem of the Военно-Морской Флот Российской Федерации.svg Russian Navy
Years of service1979-present
UnitNaval High Command
Battles/wars2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine

Admiral Aleksandr Viktorovich Vitko (Russian: Александр Викторович Витко; born September 13, 1961) is an officer of the Russian Navy, and a former commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet between April 2013 and June 2018.[1]

Aleksandr Vitko was born September 13, 1961, in Vitebsk, the Byelorussian SSR. In 1984 he graduated from the Nakhimov Naval School, and served in the Pacific Fleet. During 2009-2013 he was the Deputy commander of the Northern Fleet.

He took command of the Black Sea Fleet on April 15, 2013. On June 26, 2018, it was announced that he was replaced by Vice-Admiral Alexander Moiseev and assigned "a new place of military service in the Navy High Command."[2]

Vitko took an active part in the events of the 2014 Crimean crisis. He delivered to Ukrainian troops an ultimatum to surrender before 5:00 am on March 4, threatening to storm the offices and units of the armed forces of Ukraine in the Crimea. On March 4, 2014, together with Aleksei Chaly he visited the headquarters of the Naval Forces of Ukraine. The next day, he was prosecuted by the general prosecutor of Ukraine on charges of incitement to treason and sabotage against the organization of the Ukrainian troops.

The Russian Defense Ministry called this an attempt of provocation aimed to destabilize the situation in Crimea. According to Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov, the Black Sea Fleet commander performed his duties lawfully, in strict compliance with the Russian-Ukrainian agreements on basing the Russian fleet in Ukraine and the Charter of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. On March 12, 2014, the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation opened a criminal investigation into the illegal decision of the General Prosecutor's Office against Aleksandr Vitko.


  1. ^ Биография Александра Витко (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Вице-адмирал Александр Моисеев назначен командующим Черноморским флотом". TASS. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.