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Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya
Alexandra with her father
|Born||18 July 1884|
Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
|Died||26 September 1979 (aged 95)|
Countess Alexandra (Sasha) Lvovna Tolstaya (Russian: Александра Львовна Толстая; 18 June 1884 – 26 September 1979), often anglicized to Tolstoy, was the youngest daughter and secretary of the noted Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy.
The youngest daughter of Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) and of his wife Sophia (1844–1919), Alexandra was close to her father. In 1901, at the age of seventeen, she became his secretary. He appointed her as executor of his will, a task she had to undertake in 1910. Although Alexandra shared her father’s belief in non-violence, she felt it was her duty to take part in the events of the First World War and served as a nurse on the Turkish and German fronts. This led to her being gassed and admitted to hospital herself. After the war, she worked on an edition of her father's writings. However, after allowing White Russians to meet in her Moscow home, she was arrested five times by the Bolsheviks and in 1920 was sent to prison for a year.
In 1921 she became the director of the Tolstoy museum at Yasnaya Polyana. She was given permission to leave the Soviet Union in 1929, and settled in the United States, where she gave lectures and worked as a chicken farmer. Some years into this life, she was visited by Tatiana Schaufuss, an old friend who had spent several years in prison and in exile in Siberia. Together, in 1939 they founded the Tolstoy Foundation.
“I don't believe in everything the Orthodox Church says, I don't believe in miracles, but want the people to go to church. Maybe my father could live without church and without God, but we weaker people need something to support us. They will say I am old fashioned, but I am afraid for this country, because of lack of religion among the young ones, drugs, immorality and the shamelessness of youth.”
- "Alexandra Lvovna Tolstaya Biography". Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- "Alexandra Tolstaya Biography". Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- "The Tolstoys". Archived from the original on 11 February 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- Israel Shenker, “Alexandra Tolstoy, at 90, Is Honored for Lifetime of Helping Others” in The New York Times dated July 2, 1974
- Deseret News, 2 July 1974 p. 2A.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Alexandra Tolstaya|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexandra Tolstaya.|
- Countess Alexandra Tolstoy interview at YouTube
- Bio at Tolstoy Foundation web site
- Picture of Alexandra Tolstoy in Valley Cottage[dead link]
- The human spirit is free(in Russian), Alexandra Tolstaya's appearances by Radio Svoboda's microphone. Introduction by Ivan Tolstoy, April 28, 2008.
- 1970 film from National Archive
- Saint Sergius Learning Center founded in association with Tolstoy Foundation in Valley Cottage
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