Alexis I. du Pont Bayard
Alexis I. du Pont Bayard
|13th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware|
January 20, 1949 – January 15, 1953
|Governor||Elbert N. Carvel|
|Preceded by||Elbert N. Carvel|
|Succeeded by||John W. Rollins|
Alexis Irénée du Pont Bayard
February 11, 1918
|Died||September 3, 1985 (aged 67)|
|Spouse(s)||Jane Brady Hildreth|
|Children||Alexis du Pont Bayard, Jr.|
Eugene Hildreth Bayard
Richard Henry Bayard
|Parents||Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.|
Elizabeth Bradford du Pont
|Branch/service||United States Marine Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Alexis Irénée du Pont "Lex" Bayard (February 11, 1918 - September 3, 1985) was an American lawyer and politician from Rockland, near Greenville, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a veteran of World War II, and a member of the Democratic Party, who served as the 13th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware.
Bayard was born in Wilmington, Delaware, son of U.S. Senator Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. and Elizabeth Bradford du Pont Bayard. He was named after his maternal great-grandfather, Alexis Irénée du Pont. Bayard was the scion of two prominent Delaware families. On his father's side, Alexis descended from the politically powerful Bayard family. The Bayard's had long been bulwarks of Delaware's Democratic Party, with each of the previous five generations of the Bayard family having represented Delaware in the United States Senate. Bayard's mother, Elizabeth Bradford du Pont, was the daughter of Alexis Irénée du Pont, Jr., granddaughter of Alexis Irénée du Pont, and great-grand daughter of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont. He was the founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the gunpowder and chemicals company that grew to dominate northern Delaware in the early twentieth century. By this time the du Ponts were a large and enormously wealthy family, many of whom were involved in the political life of Delaware.
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A war veteran with a well-known name, the 30-year-old Bayard was elected lieutenant governor in 1948, defeating Republican Chester V. Townsend, Jr. of Dagsboro, who was speaker of the Delaware House of Representatives. He served as lieutenant governor from January 20, 1949, until January 15, 1953. In 1948 he also served as an alternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention.
Bayard lost a bid for a seat in the United States Senate in 1952 to the incumbent Republican U.S. Senator John J. Williams. Bayard's inexperience and aristocratic roots compared unfavorably[according to whom?] to Williams' "rags-to-riches" rise from chicken farmer to national figure. These factors, along with Williams' reputation for honesty, integrity, fairness, and bipartisanship in the U.S. Senate and the popularity of the Republicans' U.S. presidential candidate, Dwight D. Eisenhower, led the incumbent to a ten-point victory over Bayard at the polls.
After his defeat by Williams, Bayard resumed his law practice and remained an active supporter of the Democratic Party. In 1961 he joined what had been the Herrmann & Duffy law firm in Wilmington; at the time of his death the firm was Bayard, Handelman & Murdoch.
He married Jane Brady Hildreth on April 24, 1944, and they had three children; Alexis du Pont, Jr., Eugene Hildreth, and Richard Henry.
Bayard died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 3, 1985, during heart-bypass surgery at Graduate Hospital. He was buried at the Old Swedes Episcopal Church Cemetery in Wilmington, Delaware, alongside his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather.
Bayard was the last member of his line to be elected to public office, thus ending a six generation tradition. After his death, the Alexis I. du Pont Bayard Award was created for distinguished service to the party. His son, Richard H. Bayard, has served as Chairman of the Delaware Democratic Party.
Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. The Lieutenant Governor takes office the third Tuesday of January and has a four-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||notes|
|Lt. Governor||Executive||Dover||January 20, 1949||January 15, 1953|
|1948||Lt. Governor||Alexis I. du Pont Bayard||Democratic||74,605||53%||Chester V. Townsend, Jr.||Republican||65,545||47%|
|1952||U.S. Senator||Alexis I. du Pont Bayard||Democratic||77,685||45%||John J. Williams||Republican||93,020||55%|
- "Alexis I. Du Pont Bayard, Lawyer And Political Leader". Philadelphia Inquirer. September 5, 1985. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
Alexis I. du Pont Bayard, 67, former lieutenant governor of Delaware and a member of the finance committee of the Democratic National Committee, died Tuesday during heart-bypass surgery at Graduate Hospital. A lawyer who was known as "Lex," he maintained a law office in Wilmington and homes in Wilmington and in Rehoboth Beach. He was a partner in Bayard, Bill & Handelman, a law firm that lists major corporations and national organizations among ...
- Winslow, Helen L., Editor in Chief (1994). The Delaware Bar in the Twentieth Century. Wilmington, DE: The Delaware State Bar Association. p. 554.
- Winslow, Helen L., Editor in Chief (1994). The Delaware Bar in the Twentieth Century. Wilmington, DE: The Delaware State Bar Association. p. 554-55.
- "About Us - Bayard, P.A." Bayard, P.A. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- Hoffecker, Carol E. (2000). Honest John Williams. Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Press.
- Delaware Historical Society; website; 505 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19801; (302) 655-7161
- University of Delaware; Library website; 181 South College Avenue, Newark, Delaware 19717; (302) 831-2965