Ambala district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ambala district
Location of Ambala district in Haryana
Location of Ambala district in Haryana
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DivisionAmbala
HeadquartersAmbala
Tehsils1. Ambala, 2.  Barara, 3.  Naraingarh 4. Ambala Cantt
Area
 • Total1,569 km2 (606 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,128,350
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
500,774
Demographics
 • Literacy87.46%
 • Sex ratio885
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Lok Sabha constituenciesAmbala (shared with Panchkula and Yamuna Nagar districts)
Vidhan Sabha constituencies4
Websitehttp://ambala.nic.in/

Ambala district is one of the 22 districts of Haryana state in the country of India with Ambala town serving as the administrative headquarters of the district. District Ambala lies on the North-Eastern edge of Haryana between 27-39″-45′ North latitude and 74-33″-53′ to 76-36″-52′ East longitude.

Divisions[edit]

This district falls under the Ambala Lok Sabha constituency, which is a reserved for the Scheduled Caste candidates only. This district also has four Vidhan Sabha constituencies, all of which are part of Ambala Lok Sabha constituency. Those are Ambala City, Ambala Cantt, Mulana and Naraingarh.

Administration of this district falls under the Ambala division and law and order falls under the Ambala Police Range. The district administration has two sub-divisions, Ambala and Naraingarh. District is further subdivided into 4 community development blocks and 7 revenue tehsils. Community development blocks are Ambala, Ambala Cantt, Barara and Naraingarh. Tehsils are Ambala, Ambala Cantt, Barara, Mullana, Saha, Shahzadpur and Naraingarh.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901330,735—    
1911277,417−1.74%
1921258,229−0.71%
1931297,802+1.44%
1941339,882+1.33%
1951365,383+0.73%
1961453,581+2.19%
1971539,297+1.75%
1981659,385+2.03%
1991806,482+2.03%
20011,014,411+2.32%
20111,128,350+1.07%
source:[2]

According to the 2011 census, Ambala district had a population of 1,128,350[3] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[4] or the US state of Rhode Island.[5] It ranks 410th (out of a total of 640) in India in terms of population.[3] The district has a population density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.23%.[3] Ambala had a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 81.75%.[3]

Hindi (In Devanagri Script) is the official languages and thus used for official communication.[6] At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 87.72% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 10.96% Punjabi as their first language.[7]

Language[a] 1911[8] 1921[8] 1931[8] 1961[8] 1991[9] 2001[10]
Hindi 3.50% 5.45% 66.72% 87.87% 85.26%
Punjabi 35.71% 40.91% 36.12% 30.48% 10.93% 13.15%
Urdu 53.05% 0.19% 0.11%
Hindustani 56.39% 60.58%
Pahari 3.10% 0.07% 2.62% 0.23%
Other 1.30% 0.52% 0.62% ~2.57% 1.00% 1.48%
Population trends for major religious groups in Ambala district (1941–1961, 2001–2011)[a]
Religious
group
Population
% 1941[11]
Population
% 1951[11]
Population
% 1961[12]
Population
% 2001[13]
Population
% 2011[14][15]
Hinduism 48.40% 72.20% 71.45% 84.40% 84.65%
Sikhism 18.50% 24.60% 24.83% 13.06% 12.25%
Islam 31.70% 2.40% 1.70% 1.96%
Jainism 0.52% 0.43%
Christianity 0.28% 0.33%
Buddhism 0.02% 0.03%
Other / No religion 1.40% 0.8% 3.73% 0.01% 0.35%

Economy[edit]

Being located in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the land is generally fertile and conducive to agriculture. However, primary sector contributes much lesser to the economy of the district than it does to the economy of Haryana.[16] Small scale industries form the bulk of the industrial landscape in the district. It is one of the largest producers of scientific and surgical instruments in the country and home to a large number of scientific instrument manufacturers.[17]

Cities, towns, villages, and other communities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note, Ambala district has gone through numerous boundary changes since 1941.
  1. ^ Admin setup of Ambala.
  2. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  6. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  7. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Haryana". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ http://esaharyana.gov.in/Data/StateStatisticalAbstract/2010-11(English)/StateAbst10-11/27-95.pdf Archived 13 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ http://esaharyana.gov.in/Data/StateStatisticalAbstract/StatisticalAbstract(2011-12).pdf Archived 17 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b http://paa2004.princeton.edu/papers/41274
  12. ^ GBaldev Raj Nayar (8 December 2015). Minority Politics in the Punjab. ISBN 9781400875948. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Ambala District Population Census 2011-2019, Haryana literacy sex ratio and density". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  16. ^ "Haryana State Development Report" (PDF). Planning Commission of India, Government of India. pp. 123–124. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  17. ^ "scientific equipments manufacturers & dealers in ambala india, laboratory equipments manufacturers & dealers in ambala india". scientificequipments.com. Retrieved 9 August 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°25′N 77°10′E / 30.417°N 77.167°E / 30.417; 77.167