Ang Chan II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ang Chan
Outey Reachea III
King of Cambodia
King of Cambodia
Reign1806–1834
PredecessorInterregnum (Chaofa Tahala Pok as regent)
SuccessorAng Mey
OuprayorachAng Snguon
OuparachAng Em
Born1792
DiedDecember 1834 (aged 42)
Oudong, Cambodia
SpouseNeak Moneang Devi
Neak Moneang Krachap
Neak Moneang Yos
Neak Moneang Pen
IssueAng Ben
Ang Mey
Ang Pou
Ang Snguon
Ang Pukombo
Full name
Otey Reachea II
HouseVarman Dynasty
FatherAng Eng
MotherAnak Munang Ut
ReligionTheravada Buddhism

Ang Chan (Khmer: ព្រះបាទអង្គច័ន្ទ pronounced [prĕəh.ˈɓaːt ʔɑŋ.cɑn]; 1792 – December 1834) was king of Cambodia from 1806 to his death in 1834. He reigned under the name of Outey Reachea III (Khmer: ឧទ័យរាជា ទី៣).

Ang Chan II was the eldest son of Ang Eng. Ang Eng died in 1796 when Ang Chan II was only five years old. Prince Talaha Pok (Khmer: ចៅហ្វ៊ាប៉ុក, Thai: เจ้าฟ้าทะละหะ (ปก)) was appointed the regent of Cambodia. Ang Chan II was not allowed to go to Cambodia until Pok died in 1806.

In 1806, Ang Chan II was crowned king by Siamese. His two brothers, Ang Em and Ang Snguon, were pro-Siamese. In order to gain power from the two brothers, Ang Chan got closer to the Vietnamese. In the next year, he started to pay tribute to Vietnam. Two Vietnamese officials, Ngô Nhân Tịnh and Trần Công Đàn, came to Longvek and granted him the title Cao Miên quốc vương ("king of Cambodia").

Siamese demanded Ang Chan to appoint Ang Snguon and Ang Em as the uprayorach and ouparach respectively but Ang Chan refused. In 1811, with the help of Siamese, Ang Snguon overthrew him. Ang Chan fled to Saigon. His two brothers were appointed the regent by Siamese. In 1813, a Vietnamese army under Lê Văn Duyệt invaded Cambodia and captured Oudong. Ang Chan returned with the Vietnamese army. Ang Em and Ang Snguon fled to Bangkok. After the rebellion, Cambodia was put under protection of Vietnam. Vietnamese built two castles, Nam Vang (Phnom Penh) and La Yêm (Lvea Aem), to station their forces. 1000 men under Nguyễn Văn Thoại were sent to Phnom Penh to "protect" him.

He was ordered to collect Cambodian Royal Chronicles in 1818.[citation needed]

In 1819, Ang Chan sent 5,000 Khmer labours to reconstruct the Vietnamese Vĩnh Tế Canal. An anti-Vietnamese rebellion broke out in the next year, but was put down by Vietnamese army. Ang Chan died in 1834, his second daughter Ang Mey was installed the queen.

Sources[edit]

Ang Chan II
Varman Dynasty
Born: 1792 December
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ang Eng
King of Cambodia
1806 – 1834
Succeeded by
Ang Mey