Angel Road railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Angel Road
Edmonton, Angel Road railway station - geograph.org.uk - 848642.jpg
A class 317 Stansted Express train in the station
Angel Road is located in Greater London
Angel Road
Angel Road
Location of Angel Road in Greater London
LocationEdmonton
Local authorityLondon Borough of Enfield
Number of platforms2
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 83,714[1]
2014–15Increase 85,770[1]
2015–16Decrease 27,754[1]
2016–17Increase 33,544[1]
2017–18Decrease 32,938[1]
Railway companies
Original companyNorthern and Eastern Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
15 September 1840Opened as Edmonton[2]
1 March 1849Renamed Water Lane[3]
1 January 1864Renamed Angel Road[2]
31 May 2019[4]Closed
Replaced byMeridian Water
Other information
WGS8451°36′42″N 0°02′58″W / 51.6118°N 0.0495°W / 51.6118; -0.0495Coordinates: 51°36′42″N 0°02′58″W / 51.6118°N 0.0495°W / 51.6118; -0.0495
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Angel Road is a closed railway station in Edmonton in the London Borough of Enfield, north London, on the Lea Valley line that forms part of the West Anglia Main Line, 7 miles 57 chains (12.4 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street. It was between Northumberland Park and Ponders End in Travelcard zone 4 and had the three-letter station code AGR. It is located beneath the A406 flyover of Meridian Way, and was accessed via a footpath from Conduit Lane, on an adjacent flyover to the north. The stations's immediate surroundings include non-manufacturing industrial businesses and a former gas works.

In 2016–17 it was the least-used station in London, with an estimated 33,500 passenger entries/exits. Angel Road closed permanently to the general public on 31 May 2019 and was replaced by Meridian Water station, which opened on 3 June 2019 and is located 630 yards (580 m) south of Angel Road.[5]

History[edit]

The station was opened on 15 September 1840 by the Northern and Eastern Railway as "Edmonton", although it was situated 0.75 miles (1.2 km) from Edmonton village.[2]

The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844, which took over operation of the line. The line was initially laid to a gauge of 5 ft (1,524 mm) but that had already been identified as non-standard, and between 5 September and 7 October 1844 the whole network was re-laid to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.

The Eastern Counties Railway renamed the station "Water Lane" on 1 March 1849, after it became a junction, following the opening of a branch to Lower Edmonton to the north-west.[3] The station was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862 and renamed "Angel Road" on 1 January 1864. It had a small goods yard to the west and the Tottenham gas works was located to the south.[2]

Following the grouping of 1923, Angel Road became part of the London and North Eastern Railway. Regular passenger services ceased on the Lower Edmonton line in 1939, although it was still used as a diversionary route.

With nationalisation in 1948 the station came under the control of the Eastern Region of British Railways. Freight services ceased in 1964 on the Lower Edmonton line and that route was lifted the following year.

The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV AC in 1969.[6] Prior to the completion of electrification, passenger services between Cheshunt and London through Angel Road were normally operated by Class 125 diesel multiple units, which had been purpose-built for the line in 1958.

When sectorisation was introduced in 1986, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Rail in 1994. With privatisation, management of the state-owned track and signals passed to Railtrack, which was succeeded by Network Rail in 2004.

In August 2002, signalling control of the relevant section of track was transferred to the Liverpool Street Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC).[7]

Management companies[edit]

Following privatisation in 1994, management of the station was allocated to a business unit before being taken over by West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) in January 1997, at the time owned by Prism Rail. National Express acquired the franchise holder in July 2000. The WAGN franchise was replaced in 2003 by the One franchise, later renamed National Express East Anglia. In February 2012, operation of the station changed once again with Abellio Greater Anglia taking over the franchise.

Closure[edit]

The London Borough of Enfield announced in January 2014 that a new station, named "Meridian Water", and some 600 metres (660 yd) to the south, would be constructed as an integral part of the proposed Meridian Water development.[8] The new station is required to cope with the expected increase in passengers associated with the project.[9]

A public consultation was held, in which 78% of consultants opined that the footbridge should be moved to Pilning railway station to replace one removed in 2016.[10]

The new station was expected to open in May 2019.[11] In August 2018, the Department for Transport began a consultation on the proposal to close Angel Road.[12][13] On 24 January 2019, the DfT announced that Angel Road would officially close on 19 May, with Meridian Water opening on the same day.[14] The closure of the station was ratified by the Office of Rail and Road on 11 April,[15] although the closure date was subsequently re-scheduled for 31 May.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ a b c d Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 61 page 11 Dave Taylor January 1990
  3. ^ a b Catford, Nick. "Lower Edmonton Low Level". Disused Stations site record. Nick Catford. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  4. ^ a b "National Rail Enquiries - Station facilities for Angel Road".
  5. ^ "Angel Road rail station closure: May 2019". GOV.UK.
  6. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 122 pages 25 Rodger Green April 2005
  7. ^ Great Eastern Railway Society Journal volume 135 page 14 Chris Cook(photo caption) July 2008
  8. ^ London Borough of Enfield rail improvements Archived 6 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 23 September 2014
  9. ^ "10,000 homes to be built in Lee Valley to ease 'crisis'". BBC News. 27 May 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  10. ^ https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/771998/proposed-closure-of-angel-road-station-summary-of-responses.pdf
  11. ^ Marshall, Geoff. "Meridian Water Station Under Construction". Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "Angel Road rail station closure: May 2019".
  15. ^ "Closure Ratification Notice – Angel Road station" (PDF).

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Northumberland Park   Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line
  Ponders End
Northumberland Park   Great Eastern Railway
Lea Valley Lines
  Lower Edmonton (Low Level)
Line and station closed