5 January 1997 – 31 March 2004
|Main route(s)||Great Eastern Main Line|
Norwich-Great Yarmouth / Lowestoft
Norwich-Ely / Cambridge
Ipswich-Ely / Cambridge
Manningtree-Harwich (Boat Trains)
|Stations called at||64|
|National Rail abbreviation||AR|
|Parent company||GB Railways (1997-2003)|
The InterCity Anglia franchise was awarded by the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising to GB Railways with the franchise commencing on 5 January 1997. In June 1998, Anglia Railways unveiled a turquoise and white livery. Prior to 1997 the trains were run by British Rail sectors of InterCity, Regional Railways and Network SouthEast. After March 2004 the trains were run by National Express East Anglia.
Anglia Railways operated InterCity services on the Great Eastern Main Line from London Liverpool Street to Harwich International and Norwich. It also operated regional services between Ipswich & Felixstowe, Ipswich & Lowestoft, Ipswich & Ely, Harwich International / Ipswich & Cambridge, Ely & Peterborough, Norwich & Ely, Norwich & Sheringham, Norwich & Great Yarmouth and Norwich & Lowestoft.
A franchise commitment was to increase the hourly London Liverpool Street and Norwich services to half-hourly. The half-hourly service was introduced in 2000 with some extended to Sheringham, Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.
With funding from the Strategic Rail Authority's Rail Partnership Funding, Anglia introduced a new experimental service from the Great Eastern Main Line via the North London Line to Basingstoke branded London Crosslink. It operated from 22 May 2000 until ceasing on 28 September 2002 due to poor loadings.
Anglia Railways inherited a fleet of Class 86s, Mark 2 carriages, Driving Brake Standard Opens, Class 150s and Class 153s from British Rail. On 10 June 1998, it unveiled its turquoise and white livery. In June 1998, preserved British Rail Class 201 1001 commenced an eleven-month lease operating services from Norwich to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.
To meet a franchise commitment to operate two services per hour between London Liverpool Street and Norwich, eight three-carriage Class 170s were delivered in 1999/2000. A further four two-carriage Class 170s were delivered in 2002. Due to the new stock running late, West Anglia Great Northern Class 317s and Class 322s were used for a time.
The three-carriage Class 170s were used on new services from London Liverpool Street to Sheringham, Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, on London Crosslink services as well as being hired to GB Railways' Hull Trains subsidiary to work London King's Cross to Hull services from September 2000. The two-carriage examples were principally used on the new Norwich to Cambridge services.
In July 2002, Anglia hired a Class 90 from Freightliner for a few months with a view to replacing the Class 86s. In October 2003, Anglia began operating three Class 90s from English Welsh & Scottish until the end of the franchise.
|47||Diesel locomotive||100||160||Hired from
|150/2||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||10||1984–87|
|153||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||7||1987–88|
|170/2||Diesel multiple unit||100||160||12||1999–2002|
|Mark 2||Passenger carriage||100||160||115||1964–75|
Anglia Railway's fleet was maintained at Norwich Crown Point depot.
In 2002, as part of a franchise reorganisation by the Strategic Rail Authority, it was announced that the Anglia Railways franchise would be merged into the Greater Anglia franchise. Having missed out on pre-qualifying for the Greater Anglia franchise, FirstGroup purchased GB Railways in August 2003.
- Companies House extract company no 3006570 Anglia Railways Train Services Limited
- "GB Railways wins Anglia" The Railway Magazine issue 1149 January 1997 page 11
- "Anglia Railways reveals new-look 86" Rail issue 334 1 July 1998 page 12
- "New image for Anglia Railways" Rail Express issue 27 August 1998 page 6
- "Anglia Railways unveils new image" The Railway Magazine issue 1168 August 1998 page 13
- Anglia Railways route map December 2003 Anglia Railways
- "Anglia orders eight new Adtranz DMUs to be delivered by June 1999" Rail issue 327 25 March 1998 page 7
- "Anglia launches Crosslink service" The Railway Magazine issue 1191 July 2000 page 6
- "Farewell Crosslink: Seven passengers was not enough" Rail issue 446 16 October 2002 page 18
- Rail Strategy Archived 26 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine Cambridgeshire Council
- "Anglia Railways reveals new-look 86" Rail 334 1 July 1998 page 12
- "Hastings DEMU hired by Anglia for 11 months" Rail issue 333 17 June 1998 page 10
- "Anglia's first Turbostar delivered" Rail issue 359 16 June 1999 page 47
- "All change in East Anglia" The Railway Magazine issue 1181 September 1999 page 11
- "WAGN helps out Anglia as Class 170/2s are late" Railway Express issue 38 July 1999 page 10
- "New link launched from Hull to London" Rail issue 392 20 September 2000 page 14
- "47714 returns to the main line with Anglia" Rail issue 438 26 June 2002 page 58
- "Anglia could take Class 90s to replace 86/2s" Rail issue 441 7 August 2002 page 54
- "Class 90s set for Anglia Railways" The Railway Magazine issue 1218 October 2002 page 68
- "EWS starts Anglia Class 90 hire" Rail issue 473 29 October 2003 page 74
- "Anglia opts for EWS Class 90s" The Railway Magazine issue 1232 December 2003 page 63
- "SRA wants fewer London operators to improve capacity" Rail issue 426 9 January 2002 page 4
- GB Rail Offer Unconditional Archived 2013-10-04 at Archive.today FirstGroup 14 August 2003
- "First Group buys GB for $22million" The Railway Magazine issue 1229 September 2003 page 10
- National Express wins rail franchise The Daily Telegraph 22 December 2003
As part of British Rail
| Operator of Anglia franchise
1997 - 2004
Greater Anglia franchise