Aquiminzaque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aquiminzaque
zaque
AQUIMINZAQUE.jpg
Aquiminzaque, the last ruler of Hunza
Reign1537–1540
PredecessorQuemuenchatocha
SuccessorPosition abolished
Bornunknown
Muisca Confederation
Died1540
Hunza,
New Kingdom of Granada
ChibchaAquim ó Quiminza
DynastyHunza

Aquiminzaque (Chibcha: Aquim ó Quiminza, died Hunza, 1540) was the last zaque of Hunza, currently known as Tunja, as of 1537. His zipa counterpart in the southern area of the Muisca was Sagipa. Aquiminzaque was for the Muisca what Túpac Amaru was for the Inca; and as the Inca leader, Aquiminzaque was executed by decapitation.

Biography[edit]

Aquiminzaque was the nephew of his predecessor, Quemuenchatocha, which reign he followed when on August 2, 1537 Quemenchatocha was taken prisoner to Suesca by the Spanish.[1][2]

Aquiminzaque was ruling over the northern area of the Muisca in present-day Boyacá, Colombia in the years when the Spanish conquistadores were entering the highlands of the Muisca.

At first Aquiminzaque converted to catholicism but when he realized the true motives of the Spanish conquerors over the Muisca people he revolted against them and undermined the initial rule of Hernán Pérez de Quesada, brother of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada. Shortly after, in 1540, Hernán executed Aquiminzaque by public decapitation in Tunja.[3] The spectacle, meant as an example, was watched by the Muisca people and executions of other caciques of Toca, Motavita, Samacá, Turmequé and Sutamarchán followed.

The death of the last zaque meant the end of the Muisca Confederation.

Legacy[edit]

In Tunja, capital of the Boyacá department, a statue honouring Aquiminzaque (Monumento a la Raza Indígena) has been erected.[4]

Aquiminzaque in Muisca history[edit]

History of the Muisca
Sutagao peopleGuayupe peopleTegua peoplePanche peopleMuisca peopleAchagua peopleMuzo peopleGuane peopleU'wa peopleLache peopleBattle of TocaremaBattle of ChocontáBattle of PascaSagipaTisquesusaNemequeneSaguamanchicaMeicuchucaHistory of Bogotá#Pre-Columbian eraNencatacoaHuitaca (goddess)ChaquénCuchaviraChibchacumBochicaChía (goddess)SuéChiminigaguaSpanish conquest of the MuiscaAquiminzaqueQuemuenchatochaMichuáHunzahúaTunja#HistoryThomagataThomagataPacanchiqueGoranchachaMonster of Lake TotaEl DoradoSugamuxiNompanimIdacansásiracaTundamaDuitama#HistorySpanish EmpireMuisca Confederation
Altiplano Cundiboyacense (subdivisions).png

Altiplano
Mapa del Territorio Muisca.svg

Muisca
Muisca raft - detail - Museo del Oro, Bogotá.jpg

Art
Templo del sol.jpg

Architecture
Chía Bogotá May 2016.jpg

Astronomy
Corncobs.jpg

Cuisine
Guatavita desde el cielo.jpg

El Dorado
Salt - Nemocón 3.jpg

Subsistence
DiosaAguaBachue.jpg

Women
Conquest of Colombia.png

Conquest


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]