Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region

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Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region

حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في لبنان
LeaderFayez Shukr
Founded1966 (1966)
HeadquartersBeirut, Lebanon
IdeologyNeo-Ba'athism
National affiliationMarch 8 Alliance
International affiliationSyrian-led Ba'ath Party
ColorsBlack, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)
Parliament of Lebanon
1 / 128
Party flag
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Lebanon Region, commonly known as the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party in Lebanon (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في لبنانHizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Lubnan) and officially the Lebanon Regional Branch, is a political party in Lebanon. It is the regional branch of the Damascus-based Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party. Fayez Shukr has been party leader since 2005 when he succeeded Sayf al-Din Ghazi who in turn succeeded Assem Qanso.

The Lebanese branch of the undivided Ba'ath Party had been formed in 1949–1950.[1] Assem Qanso is the longest-serving secretary (leader) of the Lebanese Ba'ath Party;[2] first from 1971 to 1989 and again from 2000 to 2005.[3] During the Lebanese Civil War, the party had an armed militia, the Assad Battalion.[4] The party joined forces with Kamal Jumblatt's Progressive Socialist Party in organizing the Lebanese National Movement, seeking to abolish the confessional state.[5] The Lebanese National Movement was later superseded by the Lebanese National Resistance Front, in which the party participated.[6] The party organized resistance against Israeli forces in Lebanon.[6] In July 1987 it took part in forming yet another front, the Unification and Liberation Front.[7]

In the 2009 parliamentary election, the party won two seats as part of the March 8 Alliance. The parliamentarians of the party are Assem Qanso and Qassem Hashem.[8]

The Lebanese Ba'ath Party is also militarily involved in the Syrian Civil War, and has sent forces under its control to aid Bashar al-Assad's government against the Syrian opposition. One contingent, allegedly 400 fighters strong, took part in the Daraa offensive (June 2017).[9] Its commander, Hussein Ali Rabiha from Nabatieh, was killed during this operation.[10]

Party leaders[edit]

  • Mahmoud Baydoun (1966–1969)
  • Magali Nasrawin (1969–1971)
  • Assem Qanso (1971–1989)
  • Abdullah Al-Amin (1989–1993)
  • Abdallah Chahal (1993–1996)
  • Sayf al-Din Ghazi (1996–2000)
  • Assem Qanso (2000–2005)
  • Sayf al-Din Ghazi (2005–2006)
  • Fayez Shukr (2006–present)

Legislative Elections[edit]

House of Representatives
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1992 ???? (#6) ???
2 / 128
Increase 2
Abdullah Al-Amin
1996 ???? (#5) ???
2 / 128
Increase
Abdallah Chahal
2000 ???? (#5) ???
3 / 128
Increase 1
Sayf al-Din Ghazi
2005 ???? (#7) ???
1 / 128
 Clerk declined
Assem Qanso
2009 ???? (#7) ???
2 / 128
Increase 2
Fayez Shukr

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seddon, David (2004). A political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East. Taylor & Francis. p. 85. ISBN 1-85743-212-6.
  2. ^ "The future of Syria's pawns in Lebanon". www.lebanonwire.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  3. ^ The Soviet Union and the Middle East. 8. Indiana University. 1983. p. 20.
  4. ^ Federal Research Division (2004). Syria: A Country Study. Kessinger Publishing. p. 282. ISBN 978-1-4191-5022-7.
  5. ^ O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 62. ISBN 0-312-21593-2.
  6. ^ a b O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 149. ISBN 0-312-21593-2.
  7. ^ O'Ballance, Edgar (1998). Civil War in Lebanon, 1975–92. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 179. ISBN 0-312-21593-2.
  8. ^ "March14 – March 8 MPs". NOW Lebanon. 11 March 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  9. ^ "The Lebanese Baath Party Announces The Death Of Its Leader In Daraa". Wasioun News. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Militias of Lebanese Baath party Along with the Assad forces in the battles of Daraa". Needa. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2019.