Arkady Yermakov

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Arkady Nikolayevich Yermakov
Arkady Ermakov.jpg
Born(1899-09-22)22 September 1899
Mtsensk, Oryol Governorate, Russian Empire
Died25 October 1957(1957-10-25) (aged 58)
Moscow, Soviet Union
AllegianceRussian SFSR
 Soviet Union
Service/branchSoviet Army
Years of service1918–1957
Commands held
Battles/warsRussian Civil War

Winter War

German-Soviet War

Arkady Nikolayevich Yermakov[a] (22 September [O.S. 10 September] 1899 – 25 October 1957) was a Soviet Army lieutenant general.

Yermakov served as a Red Army commander during the Winter War and World War II. He served as the Senior Military Adviser to the Chinese People's Liberation Army during the Cold War.

Early life and career[edit]

Winter War[edit]

During the Finnish Winter War, then Kombrig Yermakov commanded the Soviet 100th Rifle Division which was involved in the breakthrough of the Mannerheim Line which brought about the end of the war. He authored a report about the performance of Soviet Teletanks in that campaign.[1]

World War II[edit]

Early War[edit]

Battle of Moscow and the Yermakov Operational Group[edit]

During the Battle of Moscow, General Yermakov came to command what was known as the Yermakov Operational Group which grouped the 3rd Army, 13th Army, and 50th Army under his operational control in the Bryansk Front fighting against German Army Group Center. Ermakov's command was controversial for his focus on offensive operations from mid August to late September 1941. Marshal Yeryomenko credited his command's actions for significantly weakening the strength of the German Attack Groupings. Conversely, General Sanalov criticized him for paying insufficient attention to the defense during this time, leading to later losses.[2]

Arrest, Court Martial, and Reinstatement[edit]

On January 29, 1942, while commander of the 50th Army, General Ermakov was arrested and court-martialed. He was later released, reinstated appointed Deputy Commander of the 20th Army later that year in June. He was to become commander of the 20th Army on March 20, 1943.

Post-war service[edit]

He was Senior Military Adviser to the Chinese People's Liberation Army between 1953 and 1957, and died shortly after serving in that position.


Soviet orders and medals[edit]

Foreign awards[edit]


  1. ^ Russian: Аркадий Николаевич Ермаков




  • Lopukhovsky, Lev (2013). The Viaz'ma Catastrophe, 1941: The Red Army's Disastrous Stand Against Operation Typhoon. Translated by Stuart Britton. Solihull: Helion. ISBN 9781908916501.
  • Sokolov, Boris Vladimirovich (2015). Marshal K.K. Rokossovsky: The Red Army's Gentleman Commander. Translated by Stuart Britton. Solihull: Helion. ISBN 9781909982109.
  • Vozhakin, Mikhail Georgievich, ed. (2005). Великая Отечественная. Командармы. Военный биографический словарь [The Great Patriotic War: Army Commanders: Military Biographical Dictionary] (in Russian). Moscow: Kuchkovo Pole. ISBN 5860901135.