Armed Forces of Belarus

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Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus
Узброеныя сілы Рэспублікі Беларусь (Belarusian)
Вооружённые силы Республики Беларусь (Russian)
Armed Forces of Belarus emblem.png
Symbol of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Belarus
Current form1992
Service branchesGround Forces[1]
Air Force
Special Forces of Belarus
Transport Troops
Border Guard Service
Commander-in-chiefPresident Alexander Lukashenko
Minister of DefenceLieutenant-General Andrei Ravkov
Chief of the General StaffMajor-General Oleg Belokonev
Active personnel62,000 [2][3]
Reserve personnel344,750
Deployed personnel4,560 (Around the borders)[4]
Budget~560 million (2018)[5]
Percent of GDP1.2% (2018)
Foreign suppliers Armenia
Related articles
RanksMilitary ranks of Belarus

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Узброеныя сілы Рэспублікі Беларусь – УС РБ, Uzbrojenyja siły Respubliki Biełaruś, Russian: Boopyжённыe cилы Pecпyблики Бeлapycь, Vooruzhennye sily Respubliki Belarus) consist of the Ground Forces and the Air and Air Defence Forces, all under the command of the Republic of Belarus Ministry of Defence. Being a landlocked country, Belarus has no navy.

In 2017 the IISS estimated that personnel in the armed forces numbered 48,000. Most soldiers are conscripts serving for a period of 18 months, although there is an alternative service option.[6]

The previous Belarusian People's Republic of March 1918 to 1919 did not have time to create armed forces in its brief existence, although attempts to create a military have been documented.[7] The Republic of Belarus has conducted effective military reforms within the last decade which have reshaped its armed forces as a relatively effective force for a small state in somewhat difficult economic conditions.[8]


Until 1991 the Soviet Belorussian Military District comprised the 5th Guards Tank Army (HQ Bobruisk), the 7th Tank Army (HQ Borisov), the 28th Army (HQ Grodno), the 120th Guards Motor Rifle Division, the 72nd Guards District Training Center and logistical units and formations. In addition to these troops Belarus was host to centrally controlled formations, namely the 103rd Guards Airborne Division, the 38th Guards Airborne Brigade, the 11th Air Defence Corps of the 2nd Air Defence Army, the 26th Air Army and also units and formations of the Strategic Rocket Forces, Long Range Aviation, the Navy and special forces.

In late 1991 the 5th Guards Tank Army comprised the 30th Guards Motor Rifle Division, newly arrived from Czechoslovakia, and the 193rd Tank Division, plus two armament and equipment storage bases (the former 8th Guards and 29th Tank Divisions), and army troops. The 7th Tank Army comprised the 3rd Guards Tank Division, 34th, and 37th Guards Tank Divisions, plus army troops. The 28th Army comprised four divisions, one of which was a low-status mobilisation division. Also arriving from the Southern Group of Forces in Hungary was the 19th Guards Tank Division.

On September 20, 1991 the Supreme Soviet of Belarus passed resolution "On the formation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus" and on January 11, 1992 resolution "On the Armed Forces deployed in the territory of the Republic of Belarus." On March 18, 1992 the parliament passed resolution "On the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus" that bound the government "to start the formation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus as of March 20, 1992" and "to submit to the Supreme Soviet for approval the suggested structure of the Armed Forces, their size and order of their material and technical supplies".

On May 6, 1992 the Belorussian Military District was abolished. The Belarusian Ministry of Defence and the Main Staff were formed from its resources.[9] The former first deputy commander and military district Chief of Staff, Lieutenant-General P P Kozlovskiy, was appointed Minister of Defence on 22 April 1992, taking over from acting Minister of Defence Colonel-General Petr Chaus.

On November 3, 1992, Belarus passed the law "On the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus" defining the status, structure and guiding principles of the Armed Forces.[10] After the introduction of presidency the law was amended twice: on September 4, 1996 and on November 9, 1999 but on the whole the law retains its initial contents.

On January 1, 1993 all service personnel on Belarusian soil were required to either take an oath of loyalty to Belarus, or leave. This oath however did not alleviate concerns regarding loyalty to Russia in time of crisis, especially since nearly 50% of all military personnel were ethnically Russian at the end of 1992.

In June 1995, President Lushenko issued a decree on the Mobile Forces. By June 1996, they comprised a headquarters in Vitebsk, two brigades drawn from the 103rd Guards Airborne Division, the 38th Independent Mobile Brigade (Brest, Belarus), an air transport regiment, and communications, logistics, and engineer units.[11]

Membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States, as well as the 1996 treaty on the Union of Russia and Belarus and the Treaty of the Formation of a Union State in 1999, confirmed a close partnership with Russia. Much of the air defence system is integrated into the Russian air defence network, and in 2006 the two nations signed an agreement on the creation of a unified air defence system.[12]


Belarus government websites say that the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Belarus is supported by Central Command Support Elements and the General Staff of the Armed Forces.[13] Combat Support Elements of the Armed Forces included Reconnaissance, Electronic Warfare, Signals, Engineer, NBC Defence, Navigation and Topography, and Maintenance organisations. Logistic Elements of the Armed Forces provided Material Support, Logistic Support, Medical Support, Veterinarian Support, and Military Construction.

In 1995 the Military Academy of Belarus was set up on the basis of two military educational institutions – the Minsk Air Defence and Rocket School of the Soviet Air Defence Forces and the Minsk Higher Military Command School. Its 10 departments train officers of 38 specialties for practically all arms of service. Also in 1995 it was given the status of a government institution of secondary special military education for young men.

Belarus Ground Forces[edit]

The Library of Congress said that in 1994 Belarus had ground forces of 52,500.[14] They were organized into three corps headquarters, two motor divisions, one airborne division, the 51st Guards Artillery Division at Osipovichi,[15] three mechanized divisions, one airborne brigade, three surface-to-surface missile brigades,[16] two antitank brigades, one special duties brigade, and seven anti-aircraft missile brigades. Equipment included 3,108 main battle tanks (seventy-nine T-54, 639 T-55, 291 T-62, 299 T-64, eight T-80, and 1,800 T-72), 419 medium-range launchers, sixty surface to-surface missiles, and 350 surface-to-air missiles.

In 1993 the 7th Tank Army was reorganised as the 7th Army Corps. In 1994 the 7th Army Corps was redesignated as the 65th Army Corps, still located at Borisov.

By January 1, 1995, the composition of the Belarusian ground forces had changed.[14] The Library of Congress estimated at the time that Ministry of Defence forces included the 103rd Guards Airborne Division and the 38th Separate Assault-Landing Brigade; the 28th Army Corps (Grodno Region and Brest Region), composed of headquarters at Grodno, the 6th Separate Mechanised Infantry Brigade, the 11th Guards Mechanised Infantry Brigade, the 50th Separate Mechanised Infantry Brigade, the Armament and Equipment base, and corps units (missile troops, antiaircraft, chemical and engineer troops, signals, and rear services); the 65th Army Corps (Minsk and Vitebsk Regions), composed of headquarters at Borisov, three armament and equipment bases, and corps units; and the 5th Guards Army Corps (Minsk and Mahilyow regions) made up of headquarters at Babruysk, the 30th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, two Armament and Equipment bases, and corps units.

Actually, the 103rd Guards Airborne Division had been reorganized as Headquarters, Mobile Forces, in 1993. On 1 August 1996 the 51st Guards Artillery Division was reorganised as the 51st Guards Central Group of Artillery, still located at Osipovichi.[17]

On 21 December 2001, a major reorganisation of the Ground Forces produced two operational-territorial commands, formed from two former corps headquarters.[18] All Belarus ground forces were now grouped within these two commands, the Western Operational Command at Grodno, former from the previous 28th Army Corps, the former Soviet 28th Army, and the North Western Operational Command, the former 65th Army Corps, at Barysaw (Borisov).

Since about 2001, territorial defence forces, which as of 2002 number around 150,000, have been forming, organised into battalions, companies, and platoons spread across Belarus.[18]

In 2007, the Land Forces consisted of 29,600 soldiers (6th Guards Mechanised Brigade (Grodno), 11th Guards Mechanized Brigade at Slonim, the 120th Guards Mechanised Brigade (Minsk), 38th and 103rd Mobile Brigades (organized similarly to Soviet airborne regiments, not all of them are equipped with BMD-1),[19] 5th Spetsnaz Brigade (Maryina Horka),[20] five artillery brigades and four regiments, two MRL regiments, 15th, 29th, 115th, 120th and 302nd SAM Brigades, two SSM brigades, two brigades and one regiment of engineers, 8th independent NBC Brigade, two signals brigades, 40th independent NBC battalion. Army equipment includes 1800 main battle tanks (MBT) and 2600 AFV/APC. The weapons and equipment storage bases include the 50th (Brest), 19th,[21] 34th & 37th (former tank divisions), 3rd, and 28th (Baranovichi). Weapons storage bases that have been disbanded include the 29th, 30th, 193rd, and the storage base that used to be the 8th Guards Tank Division at Marina Gorka.

In 2012, it is reported that there are six mechanised brigades in the Ground Forces: three full-strength, the 6th (Grodno), 11th (Slonim), and 120th Guards Mechanised Brigade at Minsk. The others were at reduced strength, where there was one battalion, the 19th (Zaslonova), 37th, and 50th (Baranovichi).[22] By 2017, the number of mechanised brigades had been further reduced to four, with two at full strength and two at reduced strength.[6]

Air Force and Air Defence Forces[edit]

In 2007 the Air Force and Air Defence Force of Belarus (AF & ADF) consisted of 18,170 personnel (two fighter/interceptor bases, four FGA/reconnaissance squadrons, one transport air base, training aircraft, and attack and support helicopters, SAM units). Air Force equipment included in 2004 260 fighter-ground attack/training aircraft and 80 attack helicopters. According to Belarus government websites, the Air Forces now have two commands, the Western Operational-Tactical Command and the North-Western Operational-Tactical Command.

The 61st and 927th Air Bases have now merged into the 61st (fighter) Air Base at Baranovichi, flying MiG-29s, and the 206th Air Base (Ross) has merged into the 116th Guards Assault Air Base at Lida, flying Su-25s.

Internal Troops[edit]

The Special Purpose Unit of the Internal Troops.

The Internal Troops were formed from the former Soviet Internal Troops after the collapse of the Soviet Union. They consist of three independent brigades and seven independent battalions (consecutively numbered). Among the Internal Troop formations is the 3rd Red Banner separate special purpose Brigade (V/Ch 3214, located in Minsk, in the district Uruchcha, "Uruchenskaya Brigade").[23] This brigade performs crowd control, combating terrorism tasks, and can assist border guards in case of complications. In addition, the brigade has been training for combined arms operations in the event of armed conflict. It was formed in the 1990s on the base of the 334th Regiment of the 120th 'Rogachev' Guards Motor Rifle Division.[24]

Territorial Forces[edit]

The Territorial Forces (Belarusian: Тэрытарыяльных Войскаў, Russian: Территориальных Войск) are a homeland defence organization in the armed forces. It is managed by the Department of the Territorial Forces, being a support department of the Ministry of Defence of Belarus and is operated by the General Staff. It is currently located on Kommunisticheskaya Street in Minsk. The current head of the department of territorial troops is Colonel Andrei Paseko.

The Territorial Defence system was established in the early 2000s. Over 120,000 troops constitute the size of the Territorial Forces, which is twice as much as it serves in the regular duty military.[25] During an address by President Alexander Lukashenko on 18 February 2016, he announced the allocation of arms and to the territorial forces and the minimum and maximum amount of district troops ranging from one company and a battalion. Personnel of these units are recruited from residents of their respective administrative-territorial regions.[26][27][28][29][30]

Military Commandants[edit]

The military commandants of the Armed Forces of Belarus are regional administrations tasked with overseeing Belarusian regiments in the commantant's territory. Units are assigned to a specific commandant based on their location. There are 6 military commandants in the Belarusian Armed Forces.[31]

Commandant Name Commander Region
Baranavichy Military Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Pivovar Brest Region
Babruysk Military Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Gritsuk Mogilev Region
Barysaw Military Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Ivan Kislyi Minsk Region
Brest Military Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Yuri Ivanyuk Brest Region
Grodno Military Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Lupyrev Grodno Region
Minsk Military Commandant Colonel Nikolai Kurash Minsk Region


Belarusian jets during a flypast in Minsk, July 2019.

The Government Directive of 20 March 1992 ‘On the Establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus’ founded the Belarusian army. The Soviet troops of the BMD were smoothly converted into Belarusian military units. Yet one of the first tasks of the Belarusian government was a reduction in its numbers. 240,000 soldiers and officers were serving in the Belarusian Military District. By early 2013 the numbers of military personnel had been scaled down nearly fourfold since 1991. In February 2014, Belorusskaya Voyennaya Gazeta, the official publication of the Ministry of Defense revealed that the Belarusian Armed Forces contains about 59,500 personnel, including 46,000 soldiers and 13,000 civilians.[32]


The military forces of Belarus are almost exclusively armed with Soviet-era equipment inherited from the Soviet Union. Although large in numbers, some Western experts consider some of it outdated.

“The Belarusian armed forces receive around 100 brand-new and upgraded systems a year,” said in late July 2018, Belarusian Deputy Minister of Defence for Armament and Chief of Armament Major General Sergei Simonenko.[33] The MBTs are of Russian type T-72, T-62, and T-55, the APCs and IFVs are of Russian type MT-LB, BMP-2, BMP-1, and the BMD-1, and Russian type trucks are the GAZ-66 and the KAMAZ-6560. While the IISS Military Balance 2016 listed 69 T-80s in service,[34] by 2018 the listing had been removed, and the only MBTs listed were 527 T-72 as well as 5 T-72B3.

The Air Force is equipped with MiG-29 fighters, Su-25 bombers, as well as Mi-8, Mi-24, and some old, Polish built Mi-2 helicopters. In December 2005, Belarus bought 10 L-39C jet trainer aircraft from the Ukraine, and in 2017 a contract have been signed to buy 12 Su-30SM fighters.[35] In 2006, four batteries (divizions in Russian terminology; about 6 systems each) of S-300 anti-aircraft systems were acquired from Russia to reinforce the Joint CIS Air Defense System. The Military Balance 2018 listed a brigade with the S-300P and a brigade with the S-300V (SA-12A Gladiator/SA-12B Giant).[36]

Small arms[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Type Notes
Makarov PM Иж 79-8.jpg 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Semi-automatic pistol
Stechkin automatic pistol Stechkin APS.jpg 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Selective fire Machine pistol
Assault rifles
AK-47 AK-47 assault rifle.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Assault rifle
AKM AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Assault rifle
AK-74 Ak74l.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union Assault rifle Standard service rifle.
AK-74M Ak74m 91.jpg 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union /  Russia Assault rifle
9A-91[37] 9mm KBP 9A-91 compact assault rifle - 06.jpg 9×39mm  Russia Carbine
Sniper rifles & designated marksman rifles
VSS Vintorez[38] Vss vintorez 01.jpeg 9×39mm  Soviet Union Special Sniper rifle, assault rifle Used by various special forces.
Dragunov SVD SVD Dragunov.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union Semi-automatic sniper rifle, designated marksman rifle
OSV-96[39] ОСВ-96 12,7-мм снайперская винтовка - МАКС-2009 01.jpg 12.7×108mm  Russia Anti-materiel sniper rifle Used by the special forces.
Machine guns
PK machine gun TKB-264 at Tula State Museum of Weapons.jpg 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union General-purpose machine gun
RPK RPK Machine Gun 7.62 x 39.jpg 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Squad automatic weapon
RPK-74 Soviet RPK-74.JPEG 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union Squad automatic weapon
NSV NSVT (2).JPG 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Heavy machine gun
Grenade launchers
GP-25/30/34 GP-25 at Tula State Museum of Weapons.jpg 40mm VOG-25  Soviet Union /  Russia Underslung grenade launcher
AGS-17 30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg 30×29mm  Soviet Union Automatic grenade launcher
AGS-30 AGS-30 maks2009.jpg 30×29mm  Russia Automatic grenade launcher
Rocket propelled grenade launchers
RPO-A Shmel[40] RPO-A missile and launcher.jpg 93mm  Soviet Union /  Russia Rocket-propelled grenade The PDM-A Priz is replacing the RPO-A Shmel flamethrower
RPG-7 RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg 40mm (launcher only, warhead diameter varies)  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-18 RPG-18-cutaway.JPG  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-22 RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg 72.5mm  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-26 Grenade launchers RPG-26.jpg 72.5mm  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-29 RPG-29 USGov.JPG 105mm  Soviet Union Rocket-propelled grenade Re-loadable launcher. Can use PG-29V tandem-charge munitions in an anti-tank role, or TBG-29 thermobaric munitions in anti-infantry use.
Anti-tank guided missiles
9K111 Fagot 90 окремий аеромобільний батальйон ВДВ у взаємодії відпрацював різні сценарії.jpg 120mm  Soviet Union Anti-tank guided missile
9M113 Konkurs Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg 135 mm  Soviet Union Anti-tank guided missile
Man-portable air-defense systems
9K34 Strela-3 SA-14 missile and launch tube.jpg 75mm  Soviet Union Man-portable air-defense system
9K38 Igla TacticalSpecialExercise2018-13.jpg 72mm  Soviet Union Man-portable air-defense system


Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
T-72 Парад по случаю Дня независимости Белоруссии при участии авиации ЗВО (10).jpg  Soviet Union Main Battle Tank 532 (inc T-72B3)[41] Mainly T-72B version. Four mechanized brigades.[34] At least 24 upgraded to the B3M level.[42][43][44][45][46]

Infantry Fighting Vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
BMD-1 BMD-1 Belarus.jpg  Soviet Union Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle 124 in 1995, 154 in 2000, 2003 and 2005.[47][48]
BMP-1 BMP-1 IFV.jpg  Soviet Union Infantry Fighting Vehicle 132[49] BRM-1 version
BMP-2 BMP-2 NVA.JPG  Soviet Union Infantry Fighting Vehicle 932[49] Two mechanized brigades.[49]

Armored Personal Carrier[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
BTR-70 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 086.jpg  Soviet Union
Armoured personnel carrier 39[34] In Special Forces. Upgraded BTR-70MB1.
BTR-80 Pskov oblast 05.jpg  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 153[34] In Special Forces.
MT-LB Парад по случаю Дня независимости Белоруссии при участии авиации ЗВО (19).jpg  Soviet Union Armoured personnel carrier 50[34]

Armored cars[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
BRDM-2 RWS2017-40.jpg  Soviet Union
Amphibious Armoured Scout Car


Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
Multiple rocket launcher
BM-21 Grad ЗРК Град парад.jpg  Soviet Union
Multiple rocket launcher 126[34] Partially upgraded to BM-21A "Belgrad".
BM-27 Uragan BM-27 Uragan MLRS.jpg  Soviet Union
Self-propelled artillery 72[34] Partially upgraded to Uragan-M.[50]
BM-30 Smerch BM-30 Smerch, 2010.jpg  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher 36[34]
Polonez (MRL) Парад по случаю Дня независимости Белоруссии при участии авиации ЗВО (15).jpg  Belarus Multiple rocket launcher 4[34]
Tactical ballistic missile
OTR-21 Tochka Tochka-U rep parad Yekat.jpg  Soviet Union Tactical ballistic missile 38[51]
Scud SCUD 2.JPG  Soviet Union Tactical ballistic missile 60[34]
Self-propelled artillery
2S1 Gvozdika Ukrainian 2S1 Gvozdika SPG.jpg  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 198[34]
2S3 Akatsiya Тренировка курсантов Михайловской военной артиллерийской академии 1.jpg  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 108[34]
2S5 Giatsint-S 2S5 Giatsint-S.jpg  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 116[34]
2S9 Nona Transporting 2S9 Nona 15.jpg  Soviet Union Self propelled mortar 48[34]
2S19 Msta AlabinoTraining0904-34.jpg  Soviet Union Self-propelled artillery 12[34]
Towed Howitzer
122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30) Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg  Soviet Union 122mm Towed Howitzer 48[34]
152 mm howitzer 2A65 Особовий склад батарей здійснює бойові стрільби зі штатних артилерійських засобів — гаубиць 2А65 «Мста-Б».jpg  Soviet Union 152 mm Towed Howitzer 48[34]
152 mm gun 2A36 152-мм пушка Гиацинт-Б (1).jpg  Soviet Union 152 mm Towed Howitzer 132[34]

Air Defence[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
2K22 Tunguska (SA-19 Grison) Парад по случаю Дня независимости Белоруссии при участии авиации ЗВО (18).jpg  Soviet Union Tracked SPAAW -
9K33 Osa (SA-8 Gecko) Military parade in Baku on an Army Day34.jpg  Soviet Union 6×6 amphibious SAM system 24 batteries
9K35 Strela-10 9A34 Strela-10 - 4th Separate Tank Brigade (6).jpg  Soviet Union Vehicle-mounted SAM system 350
Tor missile system Tor-M1 SAM (2).jpg  Russia Tracked SAM system 20 Tor-M2s 4 Tor-M2s ordered[52][53][54]
S-300PS (SA-10 Grumble)
S-300V (SA-12 Giant/Gladiator)
ZRS S-300PS 2005 G1.jpg
 Soviet Union
Long-range SAM system 12
S-300PS systems delivered from Russia in 2007 to replace older S-300 model in Belarusian inventory.[55] Four divisions of S-300 missiles to be delivered in 2014.[56]
9K37 Buk (SA-11 Gadfly) 9K37 Buk M1 SA-11 Gadfly.JPG  Soviet Union
Medium range SAM system 12
S-400 missile system Alabino220415part1-52.jpg  Russia Long-Range Mobile surface-to-air missile system 2 Batteries Announced their intentions to purchase the S-400 in September 2011.[57] Deliveries will start in 2015 (official statement).[58][59] 2 systems in 2016.[60]


Cultural aspects[edit]



  • In Belarus, the holiday annual Defender of the Fatherland Day (known as Дзень абаронцы Айчыны in the Belarusian language) celebrations on 23 February also coincide with the Day of the Armed Forces (Дзень Узброеных Сіл). It commemorates that day 1918 when the first unified military in the country was established as part of the Red Army. Officially declared a public holiday by President Lukashenko on 25 March 2004, it has traditionally been honoured with a wreath laying ceremony by the President of Belarus on Victory Square. Joint festive events with soldiers of the Russian Armed Forces soldiers are also hold on 23 February in connection with their professional holiday. During the centennial of the armed forces in 2018, events were held throughout the year, including a military parade in Gomel and celebrations in Vitebsk.[67][68][69]

Popular songs/marches[edit]

The following is a list of notable Belarusian military pieces:[70][71]

  • Motherland My Dear (Радзіма мая дарагая)
  • Victory March (Марш Перамогi)
  • Den Pobedy (Дзень Перамогі)
  • Anthem of the Military Academy (Гимн Военной академии)
  • Grenadier March (Марш Грэнадыі)
  • Our Fatherland's Flag (Айчыны нашай сцяг)[72]

Military education[edit]


  1. ^ "Сухопутные войска Республики Беларусь - Армия Беларуси". Archived from the original on 2018-04-13. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  2. ^ "В белорусской армии служит 62 тысячи человек". Archived from the original on 2014-12-24. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Armed forces - Belarus". Archived from the original on 2014-10-28. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  4. ^ John Pike. "Ground Forces". Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  5. ^ ""Neutrali" Baltarusija įspūdingai didina savo karinį biudžetą | mobili versija". Archived from the original on 2018-05-17. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  6. ^ a b "The Military Balance 2017". The Military Balance. 117: 203–204. 2017 – via Taylor and Francis.
  7. ^ Selected Bibliography of works on the struggle for Belarusian Independence 1900–1921 in the Francis Skaryna Belarusian Library in London Archived 2013-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Dr Steven J Main, The Belarusian Armed Forces: A Military-Political History 1991–2003 Archived 2008-03-06 at the Wayback Machine, Conflict Studies Research Centre, RMA Sandhurst, 2003. This is the definitive work in English on the recent history of Belarus's armed forces.
  9. ^ I N Rodionov, ed, Belorusskiy voyennyy okrug, Military Encyclopedia, t1, "Voyennoye izdatel'stvo", Moscow, 1997, 422, cited in Main, 2003, 6.
  10. ^ Pavel Bykovsky & Alexander Vasilevich, Military Development and the Armed Forces of Belarus Archived 2007-12-05 at the Wayback Machine, Moscow Defence Brief, CAST, 2007
  11. ^ Richard Woff, 'Minsk: making limited progress with reform,' Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1996, 248.
  12. ^ Russia, Belarus to sign agreement on joint air defence system Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, RIA Novosti via, 19 October 2006.
  13. ^ "Ministry of Defence of RB - News". Archived from the original on 2 May 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  14. ^ a b Library of Congress Country Studies, Ground Forces, in A Country Study: Belarus, June 1995
  15. ^ Feskov et al. 2004, 53, with five artillery brigades and two independent battalions.
  16. ^ Including the 43rd (OTR-21 Tochka) and 76th (8 НУ 9КЛг) Rocket Brigades at Zaslonovo, probably.
  17. ^, Brigades of the Belarus Armed Forces Archived 2013-01-17 at the Wayback Machine, accessed December 2012.
  18. ^ a b Main, 2003
  19. ^,406.0.html Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Formed Maryina Gorka, Minsk Oblast, 1 January 1963as the 5th Special Forces Brigade GRU. Two battalions. On 3.4.78 renamed 5th independent Special Forces Brigade GRU. Took the oath of allegiance to Belarus on 31 December 1992. Michael Holm, 5th independent Special Forces Brigade Archived 2014-02-02 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2014.
  21. ^ One of the equipment storage bases is the 19th, the former 19th Guards Tank Division at Zaslonovo in the Lepiel region. On October 1, 2003, the base was considerably strengthened. From other bases of storage of arms and techniques now we are distinguished favorably by new structure. Besides a battalion of protection, storage and service, motor-rifle and tank battalions were added. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-02-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link).
  22. ^ Vad777
  23. ^ See Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2011-11-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ Территориальные войска сегодня
  28. ^ Законы Республики Беларусь о защите республики
  29. ^ Войска территориальной обороны (ТерО)
  30. ^ Территориальная оборона — нормативные акты
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