Armenia–Egypt relations

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Armenian–Egyptian relations
Map indicating locations of Egypt and Armenia



Armenian-Egyptian relations are foreign relations between Armenia and Egypt. Egypt was one of the first countries in the Arab world which recognized the independent Armenia in 1991. In March 1992, the diplomatic relations were established between the two countries. In May 1992, the first diplomatic mission of Armenia in the Arab East was inaugurated in Cairo. Egypt has an embassy in Yerevan.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Embassy of Armenia in Cairo

Following Armenia's independence from the Soviet Union, Egypt was one of the first countries to recognize Armenia's independence, a Convention on the establishment of the bilateral diplomatic relations has been signed in 1992. The Egyptian embassy in Yerevan was opened in May 1993 while the Armenian embassy in Cairo was opened in March 1992.

The most significant point in the political relations between the two countries is the Armenian appreciation towards Egypt's neutral position with regard to Nagorno Karabakh conflict, as well as Egypt's hosting the Armenians fleeing from massacres that took place against them, and their integration into the Egyptian society.[1]

In the past 20 years, Armenia and Egypt have succeeded in establishing excellent political, economic, cultural, educational, and scientific cooperation. Egypt was one of the first countries in the Arab world which recognized the independence of Armenia in 1991. Armenia and Egypt signed more than 40 bilateral legal documents, dozens of high-level official delegations paid mutual visits, many significant cultural and public events have occurred, and projects of economic cooperation have been worked out by joint efforts.[2][3]

Egypt's recognition of the Armenian Genocide[edit]

Following the military coup in early July 2013 that ousted former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi who was strongly backed by Turkey's ruling AKP, tensions rose between the newly appointed government of Egypt and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's government in Turkey culminating with the August clashes when Egyptian security forces raided pro-Morsi protest camps organized by the Muslim Brotherhood resulting in hundreds of fatalities.[4] The incident resulted in both countries recalling their respective ambassadors and was met with several verbal assaults by Turkey's PM who described the event as anti-democratic and called it a "massacre" while suggesting that Egypt's leaders should be put under "fair and transparent trial".[5][6]

In response to those condemnations, Egypt's interim president Adly Mansour announced on his Twitter account on August 17 that Egypt decided to sign the international document recognizing the Armenian Genocide:[7][8]

“Our representatives at the United Nations will sign the international document that acknowledges the Armenian genocide, which was committed by the Turkish military, leading to the deaths of one million.”

In addition, dozens of Egyptian articles have been published condemning Turkey's denial of the Armenian Genocide and urging the country's new leaders to recognize it. There have also been calls to erect a memorial monument commemorating the victims of the tragedy in Cairo.[9]

Due to ongoing deterioration of relations between Egypt and Turkey, the Government of Egypt led by el-Sisi, has been receiving proposal to recognize the Armenian Genocide, a sensitive subject which Turkey has many times denounced.[10] Filmmaker Mohamed Hanafi had produced a movie, "Who Killed the Armenians?", in response to ongoing tensions between Turkey and Egypt, as an act of Egyptian solidarity to Armenia.[11]

In February 2019, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi announced it had implicitly recognized the Armenian Genocide, further deteriorated the relationship between Turkey and Egypt.[12]

High-level visits[edit]

To Armenia

Armenian-Egyptian parliamentary meeting in Cairo
N Date Position type
1 January 1992 Deputy Prime Minister Kamal Ganzouri Official
2 October 2002 Minister of International Economic Cooperation Faiza Abul Naga Official

To Egypt

N Date Position type
1 March 1992 Minister of Foreign Affairs Raffi Hovhannissian Official
2 May 1992 President of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrossian Official
3 January 1993 Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs Arman Kirakossian Official
4 March 1997 Minister of Foreign Affairs Alexander Arzoumaian Official
5 May 1997 President of National Assembly Babken Ararktsian Official
6 February 1999 Minister of Foreign Affairs Vardan Oskanian Working
7 January 2005 Minister of Foreign Affairs Vardan Oskanian Official
8 December 2005 Prime Minister Andranik Markarian Official
9 April 2007 President of Armenia Robert Kocharian Official
10 February 2009 Minister of Foreign Affairs Edward Nalbandian Official
11 January 2010 President of National Assembly Hovik Abrahamian Official [13]

Cultural events[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ministry of foreign Affairs - Brief History". 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  2. ^ Azad-Hye. "Azad-Hye Middle East Armenian Portal (Armenia's Independence celebrations in Egypt)". Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  3. ^ "Egypt to continue maintaining its balanced stance on Karabakh conflict – intervi". Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  4. ^ "Turkey PM blasts Egypt 'coup' as enemy of democracy". France 24. July 5, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-07-09. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  5. ^ "Turkey, Egypt recall envoys in wake of violence". Bloomberg. August 16, 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-09-28. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  6. ^ "U.S. condemns killings of Egypt protesters, Turkey wants U.N. action". Reuters. August 14, 2013. Archived from the original on August 14, 2013.
  7. ^ "Egypt to Acknowledge Armenian Genocide". August 17, 2013. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  8. ^ "Adly Mansour on Twitter: يوقع غداً مندوبنا الدائم بالأمم المتحدة على الوثيقة الدولية التى تعترف بمذابح الأرمن والتى ارتكبها الجيش التركى وراح ضحيتها مليون قتيل". August 17, 2013.
  9. ^ "Millions Watch Popular Egyptian Talk Show on the Armenian Genocide". September 10, 2013. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ "National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia | Official Web Site". 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  14. ^ "Egyptian Cultural Days in Armenia | ARMENPRESS Armenian News Agency". Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  15. ^ "Egypt culture days in Yerevan". 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  16. ^ "Egyptian Cultural Days to be held in Yerevan". Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-04-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-04-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Armenian theme at International Scientific Conference of Alexandria | ARMENPRESS Armenian News Agency". Armenpress. 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-10-01.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-04-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2013-04-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Filmlerde Filozoflar- Felsefe filmleri- Felsefi Filmler İncelemesi". Retrieved 2016-10-01.

External links[edit]