Armenian National Congress

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Armenian National Congress

Հայ Ազգային Կոնգրես
LeaderLevon Ter-Petrosyan
Preceded byPan-Armenian National Movement
HeadquartersYerevan, Armenia
IdeologyClassical liberalism
Market liberalism[1]
Political positionCentre to centre-right
European affiliationALDE Party[2]
National Assembly
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The Armenian National Congress (Armenian: Հայ Ազգային Կոնգրես, Hay Azgayin Kongres) is a political party in Armenia, led by former President Levon Ter-Petrosyan and formed in 2008. Its direct predecessor was the Pan-Armenian National Movement.

It is often abbreviated as ՀԱԿ or HAK, in keeping with its Armenian spelling, but it is occasionally referred to as the ANC in English-language media, including in its official website.

From 2008 to 2013 it was a coalition of 13 opposition parties. In 2013, when certain member parties left the Pan-Armenian National Movement, the remainder of the organization collectively decided during a conference to form a new party called the Armenian National Congress.[3][4]

Formation and goals[edit]

The website of the Armenian National Congress lists five main goals:

 • The immediate release of all political prisoners.
 • Attaining complete freedom of speech, access to media, and assembly.
 • Truly independent investigation of the crimes of March 1 with the significant participation of International experts.
 • Initiation of a dialogue with the authorities about democratic reforms after the fulfillment of at least the first condition.
 • Holding of pre-term presidential and parliamentary elections.

— Armenian National Congress, official website[5]

2011 protests[edit]

During the 2011 Armenian protests, the HAK played a major role in organizing demonstrations and pushing for the government of President Serzh Sargsyan, who defeated Ter-Petrosyan in the 2008 election, to accept the demands of protesters.[6] The death of 10 supporters of Ter-Petrosyan as a result of protests that followed Sargsyan's disputed victory are a major rallying point for protesters.

Relations between the HAK and Heritage, a fellow opposition party, have historically been rocky, with differences in tactics during the 2011 protests widening the rift.[7]

2012 parliamentary election[edit]

After the 2012 parliamentary elections Armenian National Congress gained 7 seats in the National Assembly of Armenia.[8]

2015 Armenian constitutional referendum[edit]

In the 2015 constitutional referendum in Armenia, ANC been in "no" camp. ANC leader Levon Ter-Petrosyan, stated that "the constitutional changes initiated by Serzh Sargsyan, destroying bases of the state".[9]

2019 Armenian National Congress[edit]

A statement from the Armenian National Congress in 2019 addressed tax reform: "On 7 March 2019, the Government of the Republic of Armenia approved the package of draft amendments to the Tax Code and to several laws regulating tax relations, but certain draft laws will cause harm to the activities of small and medium enterprises."[10]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Ter-Petrosyan: Congress suggests following Constitution instead of preaching "ethno-religious ideology"". ArmeniaNow. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-28. Retrieved 2015-10-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ ANC turns into Armenian National Congress party
  4. ^ PANM becomes Armenian National Congress party
  5. ^ "Declaration on The Creation of the Armenian National Congress". Armenian National Congress.
  6. ^ "Armenia's opposition ANC holds rally on Liberty Square again". People's Daily Online. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  7. ^ "Stepan Safaryan urges to stop Heritage-ANC confrontation". PanArmenian. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Լևոն Տեր-Պետրոսյան. Նոր Սահմանադրությունը քանդում է պետության հիմքերը
  10. ^ "Armenian National Congress issues statement on Armenia government's tax reforms". Retrieved 2019-04-02.