Armorial of Europe

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Copy of Segar's late 13th century armorial, depicting the royal and imperial arms of Jerusalem, Constantinople, Greece, Germany, France, England, Spain, Scotland, Portugal and Denmark among others

This is a list of the national coats of arms or equivalent emblems used by countries and dependent territories in Europe.

Recognised countries[edit]

  Proposed
  Heraldically questionable display of royal or noble crowns atop escutcheons of republics
Country National/royal coat of arms Domestic armorial Domestic heraldic tradition
Escutcheon Crowned escutcheon/lesser version Middle version Greater version Blazon Motto Article
Albania Albania None None None Gules, a two-headed eagle Sable; in chief the helmet of Skanderbeg Or None Coat of arms of Albania Armorial of Albania (Wikimedia Commons category) Albanian heraldry
Andorra Andorra
Crowned arms of Andorra.svg
Coat of Arms of Andorra.svg
Coat of Arms of the high authorities of Andorra.svg
Quarterly: I Gules, a bishop's mitre Or lined Argent (for La Seu d'Urgell); II Or, three pales Gules (for Foix); III Or, four pallets Gules (for the Kingdom of Aragon); IV Or, two cows passant per pale Gules (for Béarn) Virtus unita fortior (Latin)
United virtue is stronger
Coat of arms of Andorra Armorial of Andorra (Wikimedia Commons category) Andorran heraldry
Armenia Armenia None None
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg
Quarterly: 1; Gules, a lion passant facing to the sinister with a cross rising from its back Or, 2; Azure, a double headed eagle Or, 3; Azure, a roundel Or charged with an octofoil between two eagles trussed regardant and addrosed Or, 4; Gules, a Lion passant guardant holding a cross Or. On an Inescutcheon en surtout, a Landscape of Mount Ararat with the flood waters receding and Noah's ark at the summit, all Argent None Coat of arms of Armenia Armorial of Armenia (Wikimedia Commons category) Armenian heraldry
Austria Austria None None
Austria Bundesadler.svg
Gules a fess Argent, escutcheon on the breast of an eagle displayed Sable, langued Gules, beaked Or, crowned with a mural crown of three visible merlons Or, armed Or, dexter talon holding sickle, sinister talon holding hammer, both talons shackled with chain broken Argent. None Coat of arms of Austria Armorial of Austria (Wikimedia Commons category) Austrian heraldry
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan None None
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
Vert, On a Mullet of eight points Argent, fimbriated Or, an Eternal Flame, a Bordure gules within a Bordure azure, semy of eight bezants None National emblem of Azerbaijan Armorial of Azerbaijan (Wikimedia Commons category) Azerbaijani heraldry
Belarus
Coat of arms of Belarus (official).svg
Globe, rising sun and an outline of Belarus in green Рэспубліка Беларусь (Belarusian, Respublika Belarus) Republic of Belarus National emblem of Belarus Armorial of Belarus (Wikimedia Commons category) Belarusian heraldry
Belgium Belgium
Arms of Belgium (with crown).svg
State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg
Sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules L'union fait la force (French) | Eendracht maakt macht (Dutch)

Strength lies in unity

Coat of arms of Belgium Armorial of Belgium (Wikimedia Commons category) Belgian heraldry
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina None None None Per bend enhanced Or and azure, a bend of mullets palewise argent None Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina Armorial of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Wikimedia Commons category) Bosnian heraldry
Bulgaria Bulgaria
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (lesser version).svg
None
Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg
Gules, a crowned lion rampant Or Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian, Saedinenieto pravi silata)
Unity makes strength
Coat of arms of Bulgaria Armorial of Bulgaria (Wikimedia Commons category) Bulgarian heraldry
Croatia Croatia
Coat of arms of Croatia.svg
None None Chequy gules and argent None Coat of arms of Croatia Armorial of Croatia (Wikimedia Commons category) Croatian heraldry
Czech Republic Czech Republic None None None Gules, a lion rampant queue fourché in saltire argent armed, langued and crowned or None[note 1] Coat of arms of the Czech Republic Armorial of the Czech Republic (Wikimedia Commons category) Czech heraldry
Coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
None
Greater coat of arms of the Czech Republic (Presidential version).svg
Alter Coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Quarterly: 1 and 4 Gules, a lion rampant queue fourché in saltire argent armed, langued and crowned or (for Bohemia); 2 Azure, an eagle Chequy gules and argent armed, beaked, langued and crowned or (for Moravia); 3 Or, an eagle Sable charged with a crescent trefly Argent ending in crosses armed, beaked and langued gules crowned or (for Silesia) None[note 2]
Cyprus Cyprus None None
Coat of arms of Cyprus (old).svg
Or (specified to be copper-yellow), a dove rising proper, in its beak argent an olive branch proper vert 1960. Year of declaration of independence. Coat of arms of Cyprus Armorial of Cyprus (Wikimedia Commons category) Cypriot heraldry
Denmark Denmark
National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg
None None Or, three lions passant in pale Azure crowned and armed Or langued Gules, nine hearts Gules None. Each monarch chooses a personal motto. Coat of arms of Denmark Armorial of Denmark (Wikimedia Commons category) Danish heraldry
Royal Arms of Denmark.svg
Royal arms of Denmark (crowned).svg
Middle royal coat of arms of Denmark.svg
Royal coat of arms of Denmark.svg
A shield quartered by a cross Argent fimbriated Gules, first and fourth quarter Or, three lions passant in pale Azure crowned and armed Or langued Gules, nine lilypads Gules (for Denmark); second quarter Or, two lions passant in pale Azure armed Or langued Gules (for Schleswig); third quarter Azure, party per fess, in base per pale; in chief three crowns Or (for the Kalmar Union), in dexter base a ram passant Argent armed and unguled Or (for the Faroe Islands), in sinister base a polar bear rampant Argent (for Greenland). Overall an escutcheon Or two bars Gules (for Oldenburg) None. Each monarch chooses a personal motto.
Estonia Estonia None None
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Or, three lions passant guardant azure None Coat of arms of Estonia Armorial of Estonia (Wikimedia Commons category) Estonian heraldry
Finland Finland None None
Finland greater arms suggestion 1936.svg
Gules, a crowned lion rampant Or striking a sword Argent on armoured dexter arm, trampling on a sabre Argent; surmounted by nine roses Argent. None Coat of arms of Finland Armorial of Finland (Wikimedia Commons category) Finnish heraldry
France France None None
Coat of arms of the French Republic.svg
Azure, a Fasces surrounded by on the dexter, a wreath of laurel, and to the sinister, a wreath of Oak, over all a ribbon bearing the legend Liberté, égalité, fraternité, all Or. None (except on the escutcheon) National emblem of France Armorial of France (Wikimedia Commons category) French heraldry
Armoiries république française.svg
A shield at the corners of the head of a lion and an eagle with the monogram RF, standing for République française. A shield is placed on a fasces with crossed laurel branch and an oak branch, all Or. RF (République française) (French) French Republic
Georgia Georgia (country)
Lesser coat of arms of Georgia.svg
None
Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg
Gules, with an image of Saint George, riding a horse trampling upon a crawling dragon, whose head is pierced by the saint's spear, all of them Argent ძალა ერთობაშია (Georgian, dzala ertobashia)
Strength is in unity
Coat of arms of Georgia Armorial of Georgia (Wikimedia Commons category) Georgian heraldry
Germany Germany None None None Or, an eagle sable, armed, beaked and langued gules None Coat of arms of Germany Armorial of Germany (Wikimedia Commons category) German heraldry
Greece Greece None None
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
Azure, a Cross Argent None Coat of arms of Greece Armorial of Greece (Wikimedia Commons category) Greek heraldry
Hungary Hungary
Coat of arms of Hungary.svg
Coat of arms of Hungary (1896-1915; oak and olive branches).svg Coat of arms of Hungary (1896-1915; angels).svg Per pale: 1 barry of eight Gules and Argent; 2 Gules, on a mount Vert a crown Or, issuant therefrom a double cross Argent None Coat of arms of Hungary Armorial of Hungary (Wikimedia Commons category) Hungarian heraldry
Iceland Iceland None None
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
Azure, a cross gules fimbriated argent None Coat of arms of Iceland Armorial of Iceland (Wikimedia Commons category) Icelandic heraldry
Ireland Ireland None None None Azure, a harp Or stringed argent None Coat of arms of Ireland Armorial of Ireland (Wikimedia Commons category) Irish heraldry
Italy
Emblem of Italy.svg
The Stella d’Italia, supported by branches of olive and oak. The cogwheel surrounding the star refers to Article 1 of the Constitution of the Italian Republic, which states: "Italy is a democratic republic, built on labour." None Emblem of Italy Armorial of Italy (Wikimedia Commons category) Italian heraldry
Kazakhstan
Emblem of Kazakhstan.svg
A Sky-blue yurt with a yellow pentagonal star in the top, Shanyrak in the centre-half, two tulpars in the right and left, and motto of Kazakhstan in the bottom. ҚA3AҚCTAH Emblem of Kazakhstan Armorial of Kazakhstan (Wikimedia Commons category) Kazakhstani heraldry
Latvia Latvia
Latvijas Republikas mazais ģerbonis.svg
Latvijas Republikas papildinātais mazais ģerbonis.svg
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
At left: A red lion rampant sinister against a silver background (for Kurzeme and Zemgale); At right: A silver griffon rampant with a silver sword in its right paw against a red background (for Vidzeme and Latgale); At top: A golden rising sun against a blue background. None Coat of arms of Latvia Armorial of Latvia (Wikimedia Commons category) Latvian heraldry
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
Lesser Coat of arms of Liechtenstein.svg
None None Per fess Or and Gules. None Coat of arms of Liechtenstein Armorial of Liechtenstein (Wikimedia Commons category) Liechtensteiner heraldry
Greater arms of Liechtenstein.svg
Crowned greater arms of Liechtenstein.svg
?
Staatswappen-Liechtensteins.svg
Quarterly: 1 Or, an Eagle displayed Sable crowned and armed or, charged with a crescent trefly Argent ending in crosses (for Silesia); 2 Barry of eight Or and Sable charged with crancelin Vert (for the Kuenring family of Saxony); 3 Per pale Gules and Argent (for the Duchy of Troppau); (4) Or, a maiden eagle displayed Sable the human part Argent crowned and armed or (for the Cirksena family of East Frisia). In base: Azure, a Hunting Horn stringed Or (for the Duchy of Jägerndorf). An Escutcheon per fess Or and Gules. None
Lithuania Lithuania
Coat of arms of Lithuania with ducal hat.svg
Coat of arms of the President of Lithuania.svg
Coat of arms of the Seimas of Lithuania.svg
Gules, an armoured knight armed cap-à-pie mounted on a horse salient holding in his dexter hand a sword Argent above his head. A shield Azure hangs on the sinister shoulder charged with a double cross (Cross of Jagiellonian dynasty) Or. The horse saddles, straps, and belts Azure. The hilt of the sword and the fastening of the sheath, the stirrups, the curb bits of the bridle, the horseshoes, as well as the decoration of the harness, all Or. None Coat of arms of Lithuania Armorial of Lithuania (Wikimedia Commons category) Lithuanian heraldry
Luxembourg [[File:|link=Luxembourg|alt=Luxembourg|100px]] Barry of ten Argent and Azure, a lion rampant queue fourché in Saltire (with tail forked and crossed) Gules crowned, armed and langued or. None Coat of arms of Luxembourg Armorial of Luxembourg (Wikimedia Commons category) Luxembourgish heraldry
Quarterly: 1 and 4 Luxembourg, 2 and 3 Nassau (Blazon: Azure billetty Or, a lion or armed and langued Gules). None
North Macedonia
Coat of arms of North Macedonia.svg
Two curved garlands of sheaves of wheat, tobacco leaves and opium poppy fruits, tied by a ribbon decorated with embroidery of traditional Macedonian folk motifs. In the centre a mountain, a lake and a sunrise. None National emblem of North Macedonia Armorial of Macedonia (Wikimedia Commons category) Macedonian heraldry
Malta Malta
Crowned coat of arms of Malta.svg
None
Coat of arms of Malta.svg
Per pale Argent and Gules, a representation of George Cross Argent fimbriated Gules in Dexter Chief Repubblika ta' Malta (Maltese)
Republic of Malta
Coat of arms of Malta Armorial of Malta (Wikimedia Commons category) Maltese heraldry
Moldova Moldova None None
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
Party per fess, Gules and Azure; an aurochs, an eight-pointed star, a rose, and a crescent moon, all or. None Coat of arms of Moldova Armorial of Moldova (Wikimedia Commons category) Moldovian heraldry
Monaco Monaco
Crowned coat of arms of Monaco.svg
None
Coat of arms of Monaco.svg
Fusily (lozengy) argent and gules Deo Juvante (Latin)
With God's help
Coat of arms of Monaco Armorial of Monaco (Wikimedia Commons category) Monacan heraldry
Montenegro Montenegro None None
Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
Azure, a base Vert, a lion passant Or armed and langued Gules; a bordure Or. None Coat of arms of Montenegro Armorial of Montenegro (Wikimedia Commons category) Montenegrin heraldry
Netherlands Netherlands
Arms of the Netherlands (with crown).svg
State coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Azure, billetty Or, a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. Je Maintiendrai (French)
I will maintain
Coat of arms of the Netherlands Armorial of the Netherlands (Wikimedia Commons category) Dutch heraldry
Norway Norway
Arms of the Kingdom of Norway.svg
?
Royal CoA of Norway.svg
Gules, a lion rampant or, crowned and bearing an axe with blade argent None Coat of arms of Norway Armorial of Norway (Wikimedia Commons category) Norwegian heraldry
Poland Poland None None None Gules, an eagle argent armed, crowned and beaked or, langued argent None Coat of arms of Poland Armorial of Poland (Wikimedia Commons category) Polish heraldry
Portugal Portugal
Coat of arms of Portugal (Lesser).svg
None
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
Argent, five Escutcheons Azure, each charged with five Bezants Or, crosswise; a bordure Gules charged with seven Castles Or, all surmounting an armillary sphere Or. None Coat of arms of Portugal Armorial of Portugal (Wikimedia Commons category) Portuguese heraldry
Romania Romania None None None Quarterly: 1 Azure, an Eagle displayed Or, beaked and taloned Gules, holding in its beak an Orthodox cross Or, between in dexter chief a Sun in splendour and in sinister chief an Increscent, both Or (for Wallachia); 2 a Bull's head caboshed Argent, between in dexter base a Rose and in sinister base a decrescent, both Argent, between the Bull's horns, a Mullet of five points Or (for Moldavia); 3 Gules, issuant from water in base proper, a Lion rampant Or, holding in its dexter paw a Sabre Argent, hilted Or, behind a Bridge of two arches embattled Or, masoned Sable (for Banat and Oltenia); 4 Per fess Azure, a Demi-Eagle Argent between in dexter chief a Sun in splendour Or and in sinister chief a Decrescent Argent; and Or, seven Castles Gules, a Barrulet Gules (for Transylvania); Entree en point, two Dolphins urinant respectant Or (for Dobruja) None Coat of arms of Romania Armorial of Romania (Wikimedia Commons category) Romanian heraldry
Russia Russia None None None Gules, a two-headed eagle each head imperially crowned holding in its dexter talon a sceptre and in its sinister talon a globus cruciger and ensigned with an imperial crown all Or. An Inescutcheon Gules, a representation of Saint George upon horseback argent slaying a dragon Or. None Coat of arms of Russia Armorial of Russia (Wikimedia Commons category) Russian heraldry
San Marino San Marino None None
Coat of arms of San Marino.svg
Azure on three mountain tops vert three towers argent masoned and windowed sable each weather vaned with an ostrich plume argent. Libertas (Latin)
Liberty
Coat of arms of San Marino Armorial of San Marino (Wikimedia Commons category) Simmarinese heraldry
Serbia Serbia
Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg
None
Coat of arms of Serbia.svg
Gules, a two-headed eagle Argent armed Or, two fleurs-de-lys Or. Overall an escutcheon Gules, a St. George's cross Argent between four firesteels Argent (Serbian cross). None Coat of arms of Serbia Armorial of Serbia (Wikimedia Commons category) Serbian heraldry
Slovakia Slovakia None None None Gules, on a mount Azure, issuant therefrom a double cross Argent None Coat of arms of Slovakia Armorial of Slovakia (Wikimedia Commons category) Slovakian heraldry
Slovenia Slovenia None None None A representation of Mount Triglav in white on a blue background, with two blue bending lines below and three gold stars above. None Coat of arms of Slovenia Armorial of Slovenia (Wikimedia Commons category) Slovenian heraldry
Spain Spain
Arms of Spain (with crown) (1981-present).svg
?
Coat of Arms of Spain (corrections of heraldist requests).svg
Quarterly: 1 Gules, a three towered castle Or, masoned sable and ajouré azure (for Castile); 2 Argent, a lion rampant purpure (for León); 3 Or, four pallets gules (for Aragon); 4 Gules, a cross, saltire and orle of chains linked together Or, a centre point vert (for Navarre); En point: Argent, a pomegranate proper seeded gules, supported, sculpted and leafed in two leaves vert (for Granada); Inescutcheon: Azure bordure gules, three fleur-de-lis Or (for the House of Bourbon). Plus Ultra (Latin)
Further Beyond
Coat of arms of Spain Armorial of Spain (Wikimedia Commons category) Spanish heraldry
Sweden Sweden
Coat of arms of Sweden.svg
?
Coat of arms of Sweden (shield and chain).svg
Azure, three coronets Or, placed two above one (the Three Crowns) None Coat of arms of Sweden Armorial of Sweden (Wikimedia Commons category) Swedish heraldry
Great shield of arms of Sweden.svg
Great coat of arms of Sweden (shield).svg
Great coat of arms of Sweden (without mantle).svg
Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg
Quarterly: 1 and 4 Azure, three coronets Or, placed two above one (the Three Crowns); 2 and 3 Three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown Or armed gules (for the House of Bjelbo). Inescutcheon party per pale Bendwise azure, argent and gules, a vasa Or (for the House of Vasa); and Azure, issuant from a wavy base a bridge with three arches and two towers embattled argent, in honor point an eagle regardant with wings inverted resting on thunderbolts Or, and in chief the Big Dipper constellation of the same (for the House of Bernadotte). None
Switzerland Switzerland None None None Gules, a Cross couped Argent None Coat of arms of Switzerland Armorial of Switzerland (Wikimedia Commons category) Swiss heraldry
Turkey
Emblem of Turkey.svg
Star and crescent None National emblem of Turkey Armorial of Turkey (Wikimedia Commons category) Turkish heraldry
Ukraine Ukraine None None
Project of the Large coat of arms of Ukraine (color).png
Azure, a Tryzub (trident) Or None Coat of arms of Ukraine Armorial of Ukraine (Wikimedia Commons category) Ukrainian heraldry
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (with crown).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
As used in England, Northern Ireland and Wales: Quarterly: 1 and 4 Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure (for England); 2 Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory-counter-flory of the second (for Scotland); 3 Azure, a harp Or stringed argent (for Ireland). Dieu et mon droit (French)
God and my right


Honi soit qui mal y pense (Old French)
Shamed be he who thinks ill of it

Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom Armorial of the United Kingdom (Wikimedia Commons category) British heraldry
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland - crowned).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Government in Scotland).svg
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
As used in Scotland: Quarterly: 1 and 4 Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory-counter-flory of the second (for Scotland); 2 Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure (for England); 3 Azure, a harp Or stringed argent (for Ireland). In Defens (Scots)
Abbreviation of In my defens God me defend


Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin)
No one attacks me with impunity

Vatican City
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg
None None None Gules, two keys in saltire or and argent, interlaced in the rings gules, beneath a tiara argent, crowned or None Coat of arms of the State of Vatican City Papal armorial (Wikimedia Commons category) Vatican heraldry

Other sovereign entities[edit]

Entity Coat of arms or emblem Description Text Main article
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Coat of arms of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (variant).svg
Gules, a cross argent None Coat of arms of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Disputed and/or unrecognised countries[edit]

Country Coat of arms or emblem Text Main article
Abkhazia
Coat of arms of Abkhazia.svg
None Coat of arms of Abkhazia
Kosovo
Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg
None Coat of arms of Kosovo
Republic of Artsakh
Coat of arms of Artsakh.svg
Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետություն
Արցախ (Armenian)
Republic of Nagorno Karabakh
Artsakh
Coat of arms of the Republic of Artsakh
Northern Cyprus
Coat of arms of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg
1983 Coat of arms of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
South Ossetia
Coat of arms of South Ossetia.svg
Ossetian: Республикӕ Хуссар Ирыстон.
Russian: Республика Южная Осетия.
Translated in English: "Republic of South Ossetia"
Emblem of South Ossetia
Transnistria
Coat of arms of Transnistria.svg
Moldovan: Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика
Ukrainian: Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
Emblem of Transnistria

Dependent territories[edit]

Dependency Coat of arms or emblem Text Main article
Åland (Finland)
Coat of arms of Åland.svg
None Coat of arms of Åland
Faroe Islands (Denmark) Faroe Islands None Coat of arms of the Faroe Islands
Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar Montis Insignia Calpe Coat of arms of Gibraltar
Guernsey (UK)
Coat of arms of Guernsey.svg
None Coat of arms of Guernsey
Isle of Man (UK)
Coat of arms of the Isle of Man.svg
Quocunque jeceris stabit (Latin)
Whichever way you throw, it will stand
Coat of arms of the Isle of Man
Jersey (UK)
Jersey coa.svg
None Coat of arms of Jersey

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Czech national motto, Pravda vítězí ("Truth prevails"), does not appear on the arms, but rather on the Presidential Standard.
  2. ^ The Czech national motto, Pravda vítězí ("Truth prevails"), does not appear on the arms, but rather on the Presidential Standard.

See also[edit]