Arwal district

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Arwal district
Location of Arwal district in Bihar
Location of Arwal district in Bihar
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DivisionMagadh
HeadquartersArwal
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesJahanabad
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesArwal and Kurtha
Area
 • Total638 km2 (246 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total700,843
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
51,849
Demographics
 • Literacy67.44 per cent
 • Sex ratio928
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 98
Websitehttp://arwal.bih.nic.in/

Arwal district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Arwal town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Sheikhpura and Sheohar.[1] Arwal District is very small district of Bihar.Most of people are engaged in primary sector.

History[edit]

Recent events[edit]

There was a massacre of Dalit people, who were considered to be naxal supporters by Ranveer Sena-a private militia of dominant Bhumihar caste, at Laxmanpur Bathe in 1997.This massacre was in response of capturing upper caste people land and killing of Bhumihars in various massacre like Bara massacre, Senari by Naxalite-most of them were Dalits. It is a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Geography[edit]

Arwal district occupies an area of 638 square kilometres (246 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Foley Island.[4] In Arwal district near Mehandiya MADHUSHARWA MELA, which is famous for ancient SHIV TEMPLE. Its name came in MAHABHARAT.

Population[edit]

Arwal District Population.[5]

Total Rural Urban
Person 700,843 700,843 0
Male 363,497 363,497 0
Female 337,346 337,346 0

Language[edit]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.89% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 4.96% Urdu as their first language.[6]

The language spoken here is Magahi.[7]

Hydrology[edit]

Arwal is the unique district of Bihar in the sense of quality of water and its greater availability. As per survey done by the experts underground water of arwal is completely free from the impurities. Water is available at most of the place at much shallower depths this is the reason why most of the households of arwal used to install handpumps instead of motors and storage.Excellent transportation, Son river and huge availability of water in Arwal may provide suitable conditions to establishment of industries. It is the part of plain of Ganga.There are most agricultural field.

Economy[edit]

Economy of the district is totally agriculture-based, and this area does not have any presence of any industry. Paddy, wheat and pulse are the main crops. Though most of the area of the district is well irrigated, due to lack of infrastructure and power, farmers are not benefitted. Industries related to agriculture are starting up nowadays.

Divisions[edit]

Arwal district is a part of Magadh division. It came into existence on 20 August 2001 and was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

The district comprises only one sub-division, Arwal Sadar, which is further divided into five blocks, namely, Arwal, Karpi, Kaler, Kurtha and Suryapur Vanshi.[8]

Transport[edit]

Nearest Airport is at Patna and Railway Station is Jehanabad (JHD) and Anugarh Narayan Road (AUBR). By Road, Arwal is linked with Jehanabad, Patna and Aurangabad.

Jagdeo Prasad Bridge connects to Arwal with Sahar (Bhojpur) on River Sone. It is having excellent communication facility with other cities of India. NH- 139 (Old NH- 98) which passes through Arwal connects NH- 19 (Old NH- 02).

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Arwal District
Religion Percent
Hindus
90.48%
Muslims
9.17%
Not Stated
0.23%
Christian
0.06%
Buddhist
0.05%
Sikh
0.01%
Jain
0.01%
Others
0.01%

According to the 2011 census Arwal district has a population of 700,843,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan[9] or the US state of North Dakota.[10] This gives it a ranking of 502nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,099 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,850/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.01%.[1] Arwal has a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 69.54%.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Foley Island 638km2
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-16. Retrieved 2016-10-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2016-10-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Bihar districts:Arwal". Official website of Bihar. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Bhutan 708,427
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. North Dakota 672,591

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°14′24″N 84°40′12″E / 25.24000°N 84.67000°E / 25.24000; 84.67000