Aureliopolis in Lydia

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Aureliopolis in Lydia is a city in the Roman province of Lydia, previously called Tmolus or in Greek Τμῶλος (Tmolos). It issued coinage under each of these names, and one coin combines both names. In the Synecdemus it appears as Au[re]liou Kome. The name "Aureliopolis" was given in honour of the emperor Marcus Aurelius.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

It was a town of ancient Lydia, situated on Mount Tmolus, and was destroyed during the great earthquake in 19 CE.[4][5][6] Some coins are extant with the inscription Τμωλείτων,[7][8] but the actual minting of the coins issued in its name may have been done in the more important neighbouring city of Sardis.[9]

Description[edit]

Its site is located near Gökkaya in Asiatic Turkey.[10][11]

Bishop[edit]

Aureliopolis was the site of an early Bishopric[12] and the names of five of its ancient bishops are preserved in a number of documents.

No longer a residential bishopric, Aureliopolis in Lydia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[15] Titular bishops include:

  • Mateusz Lipski (24 Nov 1823 - 28 Feb 1831), Bishop of Minsk)
  • Franz Anton Gindl (30 Sep 1831 Appointed - 2 Jul 1832), Bishop of Brno
  • Antonín Arnošt Schaaffgotsche (11 Jul 1839 - 27 Jan 1842) Bishop of Brno)
  • John Francis (William) Whelan, (7 Jun 1842 - 13 Dec 1876)
  • Jean-Pierre-Ignace Galfione, (31 Aug 1880 Appointed - 19 Dec 1881)
  • Joseph Colgan (19 May 1882 - 25 Nov 1886), Archbishop of Madras)
  • Edward Likowski (17 Mar 1887 - 13 Aug 1914, Archbishop of Gniezno e Poznań)
  • Hubert-Olivier Chalifoux (30 Sep 1914 Appointed - 17 Mar 1922)
  • João de Oliveira Matos Ferreira (11 Dec 1922 - 29 Aug 1962)
  • Salvatore Asta (13 Oct 1962 Appointed - 30 Dec 2004)

References[edit]

  1. ^ W.M. Ramsay, The Historical Geography of Asia Minor (Cambridge University Press reprint 2010 ISBN 978-1-10801453-3), p. 106
  2. ^ Foss, C.; S. Mitchell; G. Reger; R. Talbert; T. Elliott; S. Gillies. "Places: 550936 (Tmolos/Aureliopolis)". Pleiades.
  3. ^ Hans Kaletsch, "Tmolos 2" in Der Neue Pauly. Vol. 12/1 (Metzler, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-476-01482-7)
  4. ^ Tacitus. Annales. 2.47.
  5. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.30.
  6. ^ Euseb. Chron. ad Ann. V. Tib.; Niceph. Call. 1.17.
  7. ^ Sestini, p. 114.
  8. ^ Ed Snible, "Ancient coins of Lydia"
  9. ^ Asia Minor Coins
  10. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 56, and directory notes accompanying.
  11. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  12. ^ Joseph Bingham, Origines Ecclesiasticae; Or the Antiquities of the Christian p104.
  13. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 895-896
  14. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 447
  15. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 842

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Tmolus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 38°28′34″N 27°52′40″E / 38.476241°N 27.877777°E / 38.476241; 27.877777