Madrid runway disaster

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Madrid runway disaster
Barajas overview1.jpg
Overview of Madrid–Barajas Airport, the site of the disaster.
Date7 December 1983
SummaryRunway incursion due to inadequate signs and markings
SiteMadrid–Barajas Airport
Total fatalities93
Total survivors42
First aircraft
Iberia Boeing 727-256Adv.jpg
The Iberia Boeing 727-256 involved in the crash, at Madrid, 1981
TypeBoeing 727-256 Adv.
Flight originMadrid–Barajas Airport (MAD/LEMD)
DestinationRoma–Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF)
Second aircraft
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, Aviaco JP5928998.jpg
Aviaco DC-9-32 EC-CGQ, sister-ship to the accident aircraft.
TypeMcDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
NameVasco Núñez de Balboa
Flight originMadrid–Barajas Airport (MAD/LEMD)
DestinationSantander Airport (SDR/LEXJ)

The Madrid runway disaster was the collision on 7 December 1983 of two aircraft on the ground at Madrid–Barajas Airport. A departing Iberia Boeing 727 struck an Aviaco McDonnell Douglas DC-9, causing the deaths of 93 passengers and crew.


On 7 December 1983, a Boeing 727 of Iberia (Spain's state airline) registered EC-CFJ, operating Iberia Flight 350, a scheduled flight to Rome's Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, was cleared for take-off from Madrid-Barajas Airport's Runway 01 in conditions of thick fog.[1][2] At the same time, a DC-9 of Aviaco registered EC-CGS, operating Aviaco Flight 134, was taxiing to the end of the same runway for take-off bound for Santander Airport.[3] As the Boeing 727 rolled along the runway, the crew of the DC-9 accidentally made a wrong turn in the fog and taxied their aircraft onto the runway, into the path of the 727. The crew of the 727 saw the DC-9 and attempted to avoid the collision by rotating their aircraft for lift-off, however the 727 had not reached flying speed and its rear fuselage struck the DC-9.[2][3] Both aircraft caught fire and were destroyed; all 42 people on board the DC-9 were killed, while 51 (50 passengers, one crew member) of the 93 on board the Boeing 727 were killed.[1][4] Among those killed in the DC-9 were Mexican actress Fanny Cano and South African pianist Marc Raubenheimer.


Investigators found that the Boeing 727 and DC-9 had collided due to the poor visibility at the airport, as well as inadequate signs and markings, which led to the DC-9 entering the runway without clearance as the Boeing 727 was taking off.[1]

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Coordinates: 40°28′11″N 3°33′46″W / 40.46972°N 3.56278°W / 40.46972; -3.56278