Railway Bridge over the Avon
|Carries||Great Western Main Line|
|Crosses||River Avon, Bristol|
|Heritage status||Grade I|
|Architect||Isambard Kingdom Brunel|
The Avon Bridge is a railway bridge over the River Avon in Brislington, Bristol, England. It was built in 1839 by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and has been designated by Historic England as a Grade I listed building. The contract was originally awarded to William Ranger, who fell behind with the build and had his construction plant seized so the Great Western Railway company could finish construction. Ranger started legal proceedings against the company, but they were eventually quashed by Lord Cranworth.
The Great Western Railway company engaged Isambard Kingdom Brunel to build a bridge on the eastern approach to Bristol Temple Meads. Brunel designed a masonry bridge with a wide central arch and a smaller arch on either side; all three arches are in a gothic style. The entire structure is made of squared stone with semi-octagonal buttresses and was completed in 1839. Subsequently a girder bridge was added on either side of the Avon Bridge to widen it, obscuring the structure. The structure became Grade I Listed on 8 June 1990.
The contract for building the bridge went to William Ranger in March 1836, with work beginning that April. The stone for the bridge was intended to be taken from the cutting of the nearby No. 1 Tunnel. Ranger fell behind schedule, and by 1838, when shareholders had intended the line to be open, Great Western Railway declared his work unsatisfactory. Under the terms of their contract with him they seized his plant to complete the works themselves. Ranger valued his plant at £70,000 (equivalent to £6,050,604 in 2018), and started legal proceeding against the Great Western Railway, stating he had been deceived about the nature of the stone he was cutting into, believing it was sandstone and discovering it was Pennant stone. He also complained that Brunel was a shareholder of the Great Western Railway company, a fact Ranger was not aware of when he took the contract. The case was eventually settled by the Lord Cranworth, who stated that Ranger could not reject terms of the contract.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to River Avon Viaduct, Bristol.|
- Historic England. "Avon Bridge (1219892)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Christopher, John. The Lost Works of Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 48. ISBN 9781445624242.
- Maggs, Colin G. The GWR Bristol To Bath. Amberley Publishing Limited. pp. 19–24. ISBN 9781445625829.
- Haidar, Ali. Global Claims in Construction. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 55. ISBN 9780857297303.