Azali Assoumani

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Azali Assoumani
غزالي عثماني
Azali Assoumani 2018.jpg
Azali in 2018
President of the Comoros
Assumed office
26 May 2016
Vice PresidentAbdallah Said Sarouma (2016-2019)
Djaffar Ahmed Said (2016-2019)
Moustadroine Abdou (2016-2019)[1]
Preceded byIkililou Dhoinine
In office
26 May 2002 – 26 May 2006
Vice PresidentCaabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed
Rachidi ben Massonde
Preceded byHamada Madi (Acting)
Succeeded byAhmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
In office
30 April 1999 – 21 January 2002
Preceded byTadjidine Ben Said Massounde (Acting)
Succeeded byHamada Madi (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1959-01-01) 1 January 1959 (age 60)
Mitsoudjé, Comoros
Political partyConvention for the Renewal of the Comoros
Spouse(s)Ambari Daroueche
Signature

Azali Assoumani (Arabic: غزالي عثماني‎, born January 1, 1959) is a Comorian politician who is the President of the Comoros. He has been in office since 2016. Previously he was President from 1999 to 2002 and again from 2002 to 2006.

He became leader of the Comoros on 30 April 1999 after leading a coup to depose acting president Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde, who he saw as pandering to the independence movement on Anjouan. He won multi-party elections in 2002, prior to which he was constitutionally required to temporarily step down in order to run as a candidate.

On 15 May 2016 he was declared by the Constitutional Court to have won the 2016 presidential election to succeed President Ikililou Dhoinine.

Life and career[edit]

Azali was born in 1959 at Mitsoudjé in south-western Grande Comore. Until he overthrew the civilian government in 1999, he chased a military career for two decades. Between 1977 and 1980 he trained at the Royal Military Academy in Morocco and qualified as a parachutist. On his return to Comoros, he joined the FAC. After the death of Abdullah and the departure of the mercenaries in 1989-1990, Major Azali became a senior officer in the new Comorosian Defense Force (FCD). In 1996 he undertook further training at a French military academy and was promoted to colonel and chief of staff of the new National Army of Development (NAD).

Until 2018 the presidency rotated every five years between the country's three islands, Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli. [2][3] The 2018 constitutional referendum ended this system and allowed Azali to stand in the 2019 Comorian presidential election, which he won in the first round of voting receiving 60.7% of the votes cast.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le président Azali dévoile son premier gouvernement: Fahmi Said Ibrahim prend la tête du ministère de la Justice".
  2. ^ "Africa :: Comoros — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved Mar 25, 2019.
  3. ^ "IRIN Africa | Global | United Nations | GLOBAL: USAID reviewing food aid as costs soar | Early Warning Economy Food Security Health & Nutrition | News Item". Archived from the original on Apr 13, 2005. Retrieved Mar 25, 2019.
  4. ^ Ouildamedine, Aminat (26 March 2019). "Elections aux Comores : Azali Assoumani est élu dès le premier tour avec 60,7%". Franceinfo (in French). Retrieved 28 March 2019.
Political offices
Preceded by
Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde
Acting
President of the Comoros
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Hamada Madi
Acting
Preceded by
Hamada Madi
Acting
President of the Comoros
2002–2006
Succeeded by
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
Preceded by
Ikililou Dhoinine
President of the Comoros
2016–present
Incumbent