BBC World Service Television
|BBC World Service Television|
BBC WSTV (Asia)
|Launched||11 March 1991|
|Closed||26 January 1995|
|Picture format||576i (4:3 SDTV)|
|Headquarters||BBC Television Centre|
|Replaced||BBC TV Europe|
|Replaced by||BBC World|
BBC World Service Television, often abbreviated to WSTV (World Service Television), was the name of two BBC international satellite television channels between 1991 and 1995. It was the BBC's first foray into worldwide television broadcasting. In Europe, it was the successor to BBC TV Europe, which it replaced on 11 March 1991. The service was also launched in Asia as a 24-hour news and information service with minor differences, a precursor to BBC World News, launched on 14 October 1991.
Unlike the BBC World Service at the time, it was not funded by the British government with a grant-in-aid. Instead, it was funded either by subscription or by commercial advertising, with advertisements that were inserted locally by the cable or satellite providers. In the years that followed, where not broadcast via a particular local provider, the BBC would insert news headlines, trailers for their own programming, and other updates to fill the gaps, these being known as "break fillers".
In Europe, BBC WSTV replaced BBC TV Europe on 11 March 1991 as the BBC's subscription-funded entertainment service. Like BBC TV Europe, it was a mix of BBC1 and BBC2, but, in place of BBC TV Europe’s near-continuous direct rebroadcast of BBC1 and schedule pattern timed to UK time (GMT/BST), it had a schedule pattern more synchronised to Central European Time and many of its first-run programmes were timeshifted to more suitable times for viewing in CET, as well as showing specially commissioned World Service News bulletins from Television Centre. The BBC World Service News studio looked like the BBC's domestic news, though with different graphics and an on-screen logo. The station also broadcast its own Children's BBC junctions from Presentation Studio A.
Outside Europe, BBC World Service Television was the name of the 24-hour news, information and current affairs service, launched in Asia on 14 October 1991 as carried by Star TV, and also available from Turkey to South Korea on AsiaSat. Competing against CNN International, it showed current affairs and documentary programming from BBC One and BBC Two in addition to BBC World Service News with entertainment programs aired on Star Plus. Explaining why the company choose to carry BBC WSTV instead of CNN, Richard Li, who was head of Star TV at the time, cited American bias projected in CNN's coverage of the Gulf War, in an interview with The New York Times.
News Corporation, of Rupert Murdoch, began acquiring Star TV in 1993. In March 1994, the BBC and Star TV reached a deal after an out of court settlement, that would gradually drop BBC World Service Television from the satellite broadcaster's offerings. BBC WSTV would be dropped from the channel line-up for the Northeast Asia by mid-April that year, but would be available in the rest of Asia until 31 March 1996.
BBC World Service Television programming was also carried in Africa on M-Net, launched on 15 April 1992, for 11 hours a day. In Canada, its bulletins were carried on CBC Newsworld several times a day.
The channel from 1991 until c.1994 used the presentation device of a rotating world: the Computer Originated World, which had previously been used on BBC One between 1985 and 1991. The world symbol remained the same, but the legend at the bottom was altered to a BBC logo with an italic "World Service" beneath. Promotional style and static programme captions mirrored that of BBC1 and 2 at the time and featured the globe symbol above a small BBC logo in the top left corner of promotions and on captions. The sidebar of captions featured a vague wispy line style, similar to that used by WSTV bulletins. The channel also used a break bumper featuring the globe, and a promo bumper featuring the COW globe split into lines to the side and bottom.
Rebranding and reorganisation
On Thursday, 26 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT, BBC World Service Television was split into two new channels:
- BBC World (since renamed BBC World News): 24-hour English free-to-air terrestrial international news channel: news bulletins, information, business and financial news magazines and current affairs programmes, officially launched on Monday 16 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT.
- BBC Prime (since replaced by BBC Entertainment): 24-hour English cable lifestyle, variety and entertainment channel: variety, culture, leisure, lifestyle, art and light entertainment programmes, officially launched on Monday 30 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT at BBC Television Centre in White City.
- Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: A Guide to Information Sources, Barrie I. MacDonald, Mansell, 1993, page 84
- Cain, John (1992). The BBC: 70 years of broadcasting. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. pp. 142, 143 and 151. ISBN 0563367504.
- Territoriality in the Globalizing Society: one place or none? : with 5 figures and 8 tables, Stefan Immerfall, Springer Science & Business Media, 14 May 1998, page 112
- Combroad, Issues 86-93, Commonwealth Broadcasting Association, 1990, page 39
- Richardson, Michael. "BBC and CNN Test Asia's News Tastes". The New York Times (2 October 1991). Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- "Murdoch's STAR TV to drop BBC" UPI March 22, 1994
- Dawtrey, Adam "BBC, Star TV to split in parts of Asia" Variety March 21, 1994
- Look what happened in Asia: The BBC's World Service Television is a sure winner, but it needs better backing if it is to keep its audiences, says Jonathan Eyal, The Independent, 27 March 1994
- Africa Research Bulletin: Political, social, and cultural series, Volume 29, Blackwell, 1992, page 10559
- BBC Worldwide The BBC World Service Magazine, Issues 9-14, November 1993
- "BBC World Service TV 1992". YouTube. Retrieved 18 September 2011. YouTube video of BBC WSTV continuity including idents, captions and promotions.
- "BBC World Service Television". Intertel. Transdiffusion Broadcasting System. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains images and video clips of News, Weather and break and promo bumpers.
- Walker, Hayden. "BBC World 1991". TVARK. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains news clips from the channel, and an ident used on BBC WSTV.
- "BBC World". TV World. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains images and previously video of BBC WSTV continuity.
- "BBC World 1995". TVARK. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains video of pre-launch caption, and of the simultaneous launch of BBC World and BBC Prime.
- BBC World Service Television idents at Transdiffusion
- BBC World Service Television idents including past BBC World at TV World - Videos are no longer available
- TVARK BBC World Service Television