BRP Artemio Ricarte (PS-37)

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BRP Artemio Ricarte PS37.jpg
BRP Artemio Ricarte (PS-37)
History
 United Kingdom
Name: Starling
Builder: Hall, Russell & Company, Aberdeen
Laid down: 1982
Launched: 7 September 1983
Commissioned: 1984
Decommissioned: 1 August 1997
Fate: Transferred to Philippine Navy in 1997.
 Philippines
Name: Artemio Ricarte
Namesake: Gen. Artemio Ricarte (1866-1945), a Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution and Philippine - American War. He is also considered to be the "Father of the Philippine Army".
Operator: Philippine Navy
Acquired: 1 August 1997
Commissioned: 4 August 1997
Status: In service
General characteristics
Class and type: Jacinto class (also known at Tatlong Bayani class)
Type: Patrol Corvette
Displacement: 763 tons full load
Length: 205.4 ft (62.6 m)
Beam: 32.8 ft (10.0 m)
Draft: 8.9 ft (2.7 m)
Installed power: 3 × CAT 3406C diesel generators each producing 465 bhp (347 kW)[1]
Propulsion:
  • 2 × APE-Crossley SEMT-Pielstick 18 PA6 V 280 Diesel engines producing 14,188 bhp (10,580 kW)[2][3]
  • 2 × shafts
  • 1 × Schottel S103 LSVEST drop-down, shrouded loiter retractable propeller, 181 shp (135 kW)
Speed: 25 knots (46 km/h) sustained speed
Endurance: 2,500 nmi (4,600 km) at 17 knots (31 km/h)[2]
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 × Avon Searaider 5.4m 30 knots (56 km/h) 10-man Semi-rigid boat aft[3]
Complement: 31
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Ultra Electronics Fire Control System
  • Kelvin Hughes Sharpeye X & S-band Surface Search & Navigation Radars
  • Ultra Electronics Series 1700 Electro-Optical Tracking System
Armament:
  • 1 × 76 mm Oto Melara Compact DP gun
  • 1 × 25 mm M242 Bushmaster on MSI Defence Seahawk mount
  • 2 × 20 mm Mk.16 cannons on Mk.68 mounts
  • 2 × .50 caliber machine guns
Armor: Belted Steel

The BRP Artemio Ricarte (PS-37) is one of the three Jacinto class of corvettes, and are considered as one of the most modern ships in the Philippine Navy. She was originally called HMS Starling (P241) during her service with the Royal Navy. She is currently assigned with the Patrol Force of the Philippine Fleet.

History[edit]

HMS Starling at Hall, Russell & Co., Aberdeen shipyard

Launched as the third of five patrol vessels of the Peacock class, she was originally part of the Hong Kong Squadron of the Royal Navy. The ships were built by Hall, Russell & Company in the United Kingdom and were commissioned into Royal Navy service from 1983 to 1984. The class was designed specifically for patrol duties in Hong Kong waters. As well as ‘flying the flag’ and providing a constant naval presence in region, they could undertake a number of different roles including Seamanship, Navigation and Gunnery training and Search-and-Rescue duties for which they had facilities to carry divers (including a decompression chamber) and equipment to recover vessels and aircraft. They also worked with the Marine Department of the Hong Kong Police and with Customs & Excise in order to prevent the constant flow of illegal immigrants, narcotics and electronic equipment into the Colony.[4]

Out of the five ships in its class, three of them, HMS Peacock (P239), HMS Plover (P240), and HMS Starling (P241), were left in Hong Kong until 1997. They were sold to the Philippines as a sign of goodwill, and were officially turned over to the Philippine Navy on 1 August 1997 when Hong Kong was ceded back to China.[3]

Notable Deployments[edit]

Naval Exercises[edit]

The Artemio Ricarte was part of the Philippine Navy contingent to join CARAT 2004, together with her sistership BRP Emilio Jacinto. This was followed immediately with a separate exercise with two Royal Navy ships, namely HMS Exeter (D89) and RFA Grey Rover (A269).[5]

On 10 April 2007, Artemio Ricarte, together with BRP Quezon and BRP Bienvenido Salting, took part in a 10-day naval exercises with the Malaysian Navy dubbed "MALPHI LAUT 2007". Malaysian vessels that took part include KD Kedah, KD Laksamana Tan Pusmah, and KD Yu.[6]

She joined BRP Juan Magluyan (PG-392) and BRP Bacolod City (LC-550) and the Essex Expeditionary Strike Group during the sea exercise phase of the RP-US Balikatan 2008 on February 2008.[7]

She was again included in the recently concluded CARAT 2008 exercises with the US Navy last May - June 2008. She was joined by BRP Nicolas Mahusay (PG-116), BRP Boni Serrano (PG-111) and the Philippine Coast Guard ship BRP Pampanga (AU-003).[8]

BRP Artemio Ricarte at RP-US Baliktan Exercises, April 2009

The Artemio Ricarte, together with BRP Leopoldo Regis (PG-847), BRP Dagupan City (LC-551), BRP Rajah Humabon (PF-11), USS Essex (LHD-2), and USS Tortuga (LSD-46) were part of the naval component of the US-RP Balikatan 2009 bi-lateral exercises held on April 2009.[9]

Technical details[edit]

The ships under this class are characterized by a low freeboard, an Oto-Melara 76 mm gun turret located forward, large funnel amidships and a crane and rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) aft.

The Oto Melara 76 mm Compact DP (Dual Purpose) gun is the primary weapon and is mounted in a turret forward of the bridge. It has a range of up to 10 nautical miles (20 km) and can be used against ships, aircraft or ground targets. It is remotely controlled from within the Combat Information Center by the gunnery officer and has no crew within the turret itself. The gun can fire 80 rounds in 60 seconds from its ready magazine, and the ships can carry a total of 450 rounds.

The secondary weapon (located at the stern) is a M242 Bushmaster 25 mm cannon in an MSI Defense System DS-25 Seahawk A1 mount.

Both guns are automated and are integrated with the Ultra Electronics Fire Control System and Series 1700 Electro-optical tracking system (EOTS).

In addition to the abovementioned guns, these ships also carry two .50 caliber heavy machine guns at the bridgewings, and two 20 mm Mk.16 cannons on Mk.68 mounts at the midships.

The Ultra Electronics Series 1700 EOTS replaced the Radamec 1500 Series 2500 installed by the PN in 2005, which is turn replaced the older GSA7 Sea Archer Mk 1 electro-optical director with a GEC V3800 thermal imager added in 1987.[3][10]

The ships are powered by two APE-Crossley SEMT-Pielstick diesels (14,188 bhp combined) driving two three-bladed propellers. It has a drop down loiter engine with a shrouded prop of 181 bhp (135 kW) used to keep station and save fuel. The main engines can propel the 664 ton (712 tons full load) ship at over 28 knots (52 km/h), with a sustained speed of 25 knots (46 km/h). Its range is 2,500 nautical miles (4,630 km) at 17 knots (31 km/h).[2]

These corvettes were specifically designed for Asian service, having air-conditioned crew spaces and have been designed to stay at sea during typhoons and other strong weather anomalies common to Asian seas. The ships were modified soon after entering Royal Navy service with deeper bilge keels to alleviate a propensity to roll during moderate and heavy seas.[11]

The ship also carries two Avon Searaider 5.4 m, 30 kt, 10-man RHIB.[3]

Upgrades[edit]

Upon entry with the Philippine Navy, additional refits were made to replace the four (4) 7.62mm machine guns with two (2) .50 caliber heavy machine guns and two 20 mm Mk.16 cannons.[12] There are plans to add anti-ship missiles to the ships, but due to top-weight problems, it would have to be a lightweight system such as Sea Skua, although no missiles have been ordered to date.[3]

The Philippine Navy embarked on a 3-phase upgrade of the ships. Phase 1 involves the upgrade of the ship's command & control, surveillance, and fire control systems, and was awarded to British defense contractor QinetiQ. It involved the installation of a new MSI Defence DS-25 Seahawk AUTSIG mount with M242 Bushmaster 25mm naval gun, a new Fire Constrol System and Radamec's 1500 Series 2500 electro-optical tracking system (EOTS, Raytheon gyro compass, Sperry Marine Naval BridgeMaster E Series Surface Search Radar, GPS, anemometer, and EM logs. All these were integrated with the ship's existing systems. The Phase 1 upgrade was completed in 2005.[13][14]

The Phase 2 is the Marine Engineering Upgrade Program, which includes the repair and remediation of the hull, overhaul and improvement of the Main Propulsion including control and monitoring systems, electrical plant, auxiliary systems, outfitting and hull furnishings and training the navy crew in the operation and maintenance of the new plant.[11] The tendering process for the ship's Phase 2 upgrades has commenced as of November 2013 as was allocated a budget of Php 216 million.[15]

Phase 3 was originally a Service Life Extension Program (SLEP).[13] But this was later changed to Combat System Alignment project to improve the combat capability of the patrol vessels. It involves replacing the existing EO/IR and fire control system with a newer system and a Command and Control (C2) module, repairing the 76mm Oto Melara Compact and 25mm Bushmaster gun on MSI Defence Seahawk mount, and other relevant upgrades.[16]

The JCPV Phase 3A Combat Systems Upgrade project was awarded to Ultra Electronics, which installed their Fire Control System and Series 1700 electro-optical targeting system, and the Kelvin Hughes Sharpeye X-band surface search surveillance radar.[17]

The ship will undergo further dock works, as it would then be having drydock repairs and repowering works.

Apart from the upgrades, additional refits were made to replace the four (4) 7.62mm machine guns with two (2) .50 caliber heavy machine guns and two 20 mm Mk.16 cannons.[18] There are plans to add anti-ship missiles to the ships, but due to top-weight problems, it would have to be a lightweight system such as Sea Skua, although no missiles have been ordered to date.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of National Defense - Bids and Awards Committee JCPV Phase 2 Marine Engineering Upgrade (PS-37) Project.
  2. ^ a b c Saunders, Stephen: Jane's Fighting Ships 107th Edition 2004–2005. Jane's Information Group Ltd, 2004.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Wertheim, Eric: The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 15th Edition, page 552. Naval Institute Press, 2007.[1] Archived 2018-04-21 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Royal Navy Postwar. Peacock Class Offshore Patrol Vessels.
  5. ^ Subic Bay News. Visiting ships stir Subic back to life Archived 2008-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Manila Standard Today (11 April 2007). RP, Malaysia Navies start war games Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Navy News Service - Eye of the Fleet Balikatan 2009
  8. ^ Asia Pulse Data Source c/o Individual.com (7 June 2008). CARAT 08 in Palawan closes with a series of success[permanent dead link].
  9. ^ US Navy News Balikatan 2009.
  10. ^ Friedman, Norman (2006). The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons System (5th ed.). Naval Institute Press. p. 307. ISBN 9781557502629. Archived from the original on 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
  11. ^ a b Manokski's ORBAT @ Hueybravo. Jacinto class corvettes page Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ GlobalSecurity.org PS Emilio Jacinto class Archived 2012-11-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ a b AFP Materiel Technical Specification Archives Ships[permanent dead link].
  14. ^ "Upgraded Jacinto-class patrol vessels PS-35 and PS-36 to re-enter Philippine Navy service soon". Defense Aerospace. 2006-06-14. Archived from the original on 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  15. ^ "Invitation to Bid JCPV Phase 2 Marine Engineering Upgrade (PS-37) Project" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  16. ^ "Updates on the Sensors, Fire Control System, and Weapons Systems Upgrade of the Philippine Navy's Jacinto-class vessel". MaxDefense Philippines. 2015-10-21. Archived from the original on 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  17. ^ "Upgraded Jacinto-class patrol vessels PS-35 and PS-36 to re-enter Philippine Navy service soon". MaxDefense Philippines. 2019-05-19. Archived from the original on 2019-06-22. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  18. ^ GlobalSecurity.org PS Emilio Jacinto class Archived 2012-11-04 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]