Baba Bujha Singh
Baba Bujha Singh
|Cause of death||Killed in fake encounter by police|
|Organization||Ghadar Party, Lal Communist Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation|
Baba Bujha Singh (Punjabi: ਬਾਬਾ ਬੂਝਾ ਸਿੰਘ) (died July 28, 1970) was an Indian revolutionary leader. He was an activist of the Ghadar Party and later became a key leader of the Lal Communist Party. Singh later became a symbol of the Naxalite movement in Punjab.
Baba Bujha Singh would later join the Communist Party of India. Within the Communist Party, he was a prominent figure in the dissident faction that eventually formed the Lal Communist Party in 1948. After the Lal Communist Party was dissolved and largely amalgamated back into the Communist Party of India, Baba Bujha Singh became passive and did not involve himself in party politics.
Baba Bujha Singh deplored the positions adopted by the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union held in 1956, labelling the congress as 'anti-communist'. He argued that the 1956 congress would eventually lead to the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
He resumed political activism in the wake of the 1967 Naxalbari uprising. Baba Bujha Singh began contacting leftwing dissidents inside the Communist Party of India (Marxist), urging them to rebel against the leadership of the party.
After his death, Baba Bujha Singh became an icon of the Naxalite movement in Punjab. There are references to him in Punjabi literature, for example the poet Shiv Kumar Batalvi wrote the poem Budhe Rukh Nu Fansi in his honour. In 2010, Bakhshinder a journalist turned script writer and film maker started the production of a feature film titled Baba Inqlab Singh, on Baba Bujha Singh's life.
The Punjab state headquarters of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation in Mansa is known as Baba Bujha Singh Bhavan.
- Judge, p. 78
- Judge, p. 63
- Singh, Jaspal. History of the Ghadar Movement
- Liberation. Revolutionary Armed Peasant Struggle Forges ahead in Punjab. September–December 1970
- Judge, p. 68
- Judge, p. 72
- The Tribune. Seminar on ‘Baba Bujha Singh’
- Judge, p. 74
- The Tribune. Baba Bujha Singh to come alive on reel
- Liberation. Inquilab Zindabad: The Indian Revolutionary Movement and Bhagat Singh
- Liberation. Movement for a National Law for Agri-Labourers
- Judge, Paramjit S. Insurrection to Agitation: The Naxalite Movement in Punjab. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1992
- Sidhu, Ajmer From Ghadar to Naxalbari-Baba Bujha Singh: An Untold Story Online Punjabi Book Store, ISBN 9788179824023