Bad Tölz

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Bad Tölz
Bad Tölz seen from River Isar
Bad Tölz seen from River Isar
Coat of arms of Bad Tölz
Coat of arms
Location of Bad Tölz within Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen district
Bad Tölz in TÖL.svg
Bad Tölz is located in Germany
Bad Tölz
Bad Tölz
Bad Tölz is located in Bavaria
Bad Tölz
Bad Tölz
Coordinates: 47°45′37″N 11°33′24″E / 47.76028°N 11.55667°E / 47.76028; 11.55667Coordinates: 47°45′37″N 11°33′24″E / 47.76028°N 11.55667°E / 47.76028; 11.55667
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictBad Tölz-Wolfratshausen
Subdivisions5 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorJosef Janker (CSU)
Area
 • Total30.80 km2 (11.89 sq mi)
Elevation
658 m (2,159 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total18,802
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
83646
Dialling codes08041
Vehicle registrationTÖL
Websitewww.bad-toelz.de

Bad Tölz (Central Bavarian: Däiz) is a town in Bavaria, Germany and the administrative center of the Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen district.

History[edit]

Bad Tölz

Archaeology has shown continuous occupation of the site of Bad Tölz since the retreat of the glaciers at the end of the Ice Age. For example, there are finds from the Hallstatt culture as well as from Roman Raetia, or at least occupation by romanized Celts.

The name "Tölz" (as "Tolnze") appears relatively late in documentation at the end of the 12th century. The name "Reginried" appears as that of a settlement belonging to the monastery at Tegernsee in earlier texts, which is probably the same as Reid in the western part of Mühlfeld.

Hainricus de Tolnze built a castle on the site, which controlled the river and road traffic in the region but which no longer exists. In 1331, Louis IV made Tölz a market town.

The 14th century saw Tölz become a crossroads for the salt and lumber traffic on the Isar. In 1453, the market street, church, and castle were destroyed by fire. Duke Albrecht III enabled the city to rebuild, but this time in stone. He also built a palace which stood until 1770, when it fell into disrepair and was eventually undermined by the Ellbach.

The Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) brought plague and destruction to the region. During the War of the Spanish Succession things began to turn around again, with trade in lime and wood products, among other items. During this war, in 1705, the vintner Johann Jäger of Tölz led a band of farmers to battle at Sendling (south of Munich).

The town also became known as a pilgrimage site; every November 6, there is a festival to Saint Leonard of Noblac. In 1718, a chapel was built in his honor on the Calvary hill.

In the middle of the 19th century, Tölz changed direction with the discovery of natural springs. The town began to focus on the healing properties of these springs and became a cure and spa town. In 1899, it became known as Bad Tölz.

In 1937, SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz was established near the town. The SS-Junkerschulen SS-Junker School (SS Officer Candidate School) operated until the end of World War II in 1945. A subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in the town. It provided labour for the school and the Zentralbauleitung (Central Administration Building). Bad Tölz would also be the last town to be "passed through" by the Holocaust death march[2] from Dachau to the Austrian border, that would be halted by Nisei U.S. Army artillery soldiers on 2 May 1945, just two kilometers short of the next village to the east of it, Waakirchen.[3] The former SS-Junkerschule was the base of the U.S. Army's 1st Battalion, 10th Special Forces Group until 1991.[4] It was in Bad Tölz that Amon Goeth, commandant of the Nazi concentration camp in Płaszów, in German-occupied Poland during World War II, was arrested and sent for trial in Poland.

Today, Bad Tölz is known for its spas, historic medieval town, and its views of the Alps. On the western bank of the Isar River lies the Kurverwaltung, or modern spa, whose iodine-rich waters are known for their soothing and healing powers. A major attraction was the Alpamare, Europe's first indoor water park with long water slides, wave pool, a surf wave, and a range of thermal outdoor pools with iodine water, until it closed in 2015.[5] Another major attraction is Stadtpfarrkirche, a church built in 1466, which is an example of German late–Gothic architecture.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Bad Tölz sits on the Isar River, 670 metres above sea level. It occupies 30.8 square kilometres.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

In Bad Tölz, the average annual high temperature is 10 °C (50 °F), and the annual low temperature is 4 °C (39 °F).

Climate data for Bad Tölz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(34)
1
(34)
6
(43)
9
(48)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
20
(68)
16
(61)
11
(52)
5
(41)
0.5
(32.9)
10.0
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
3
(37)
5.5
(41.9)
10.5
(50.9)
13.5
(56.3)
16
(61)
16.5
(61.7)
13
(55)
8.5
(47.3)
3
(37)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.3
(45.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−3
(27)
0
(32)
2
(36)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−2
(28)
4
(40)
Source: weather.sg.msn.com

Transport[edit]

Bad Tölz is served by the Munich to Lenggries line of the Bayerische Oberlandbahn railway (Green Line).[6]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Bad Tölz is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

Johann Nepomuk Sepp

Notables who have worked locally[edit]

  • Franz Hanfstaengl (1804-1877), painter, lithographer and photographer
  • Thomas Mann (1875-1955), writer, possessed here from 1906 to 1917 a summer villa, today Villa man
  • Hans von Hentig (1887-1974), criminologist
  • Grethe Weiser (1903-1970), actress, died after a traffic accident in the city hospital Bad Toelz
  • Norbert Schultze (1911-2002), composer and conductor
  • Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn (1918-2010), a member of the White Rose
  • Gregor Dorfmeister (born 1929) journalist and writer, grew up in Tolz; he talked about his time in the Hitler Youth and the Volkssturm in partially autobiographical book The Bridge
  • Kristian Schultze (1945-2011), composer, arranger, keyboardist and music producer, lives in Bad Tölz since 2002
  • Ottfried Fischer (born 1953), comedian and actor, as the main character in Der Bulle von Tölz , he increased with many other actors awareness of Bad Tölz nationwide and internationally

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Archived Todesmärsche Dachau memorial website's map page of KZ-Dachau death march
  3. ^ "The 522nd Field Artillery Battalion and the Dachau Subcamps". Go For Broke NEC. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
  4. ^ Edward Victor. "Bad Toelz". Alphabetical List of All Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps Described in This Site.
  5. ^ Tölz, Klaus Schieder, Bad (18 April 2018). "Zwischen gestern und morgen". Retrieved 18 April 2018 – via Sueddeutsche.de.
  6. ^ "Bayerische Oberlandbahn - Linie & Fahrpläne" (in German). Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  7. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]